Nobody downloaded yet

Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
This paper "Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism" attempts to explain the theories of: Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-modernism and how they relate to individual life and business in relation to the society as a whole…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.6% of users find it useful
Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism"

Download file to see previous pages According to (Magill, 1993, p. 786) functionalism is the main theory that tries to explain the association that enables the society function in the manner it does by examining these relationships and establishing their purpose. It looks at society as a structure of interrelated organs. All organs must be in a consensus and must have a common interest to achieve. (Grusky, 2008) observes that functionalism is said to be supportive to social stratification system. Stratification system refers to the difficulty of social institutions that generate observed inequalities”, in short social stratification is the grouping of people based on the functions which must be met by the society.
Functionalism dictates that so that society fulfills its intended aims, then social stratification would have to be the criterion that determines the efficiency by which goals are met by way of duty allocation as well as routine. This in turn brings about disproportion within the society. This theory paves the way to explaining the existence and causes of inequality in the society as not every member would hold the same socio economic or political status, this creates a state of disequilibrium as earlier stated by Grusky (2008), allowing the privileged to acquire better roles while the less privileged end up having lesser roles. The rules of allocation of roles across various groups through this system would ensure unequal control of valued positions, divisions of labor and even resourcesю
According to (Magill, 1993,p. 787) functionalism ensures that the roles of the society are always met through the mechanism of stratification and ensures inequality in all areas of the society from education , politics, economic and social status as roles to be filled are taken up by those better positioned or suited to take them.
(Magill, 1993) observes further that functionalism theory is concerned with trying to explain the relationships in large scale social structures. He also notes that functionalists try to explain why certain conditions exist in the society by trying to ascertain their purpose or function and how this functions work to meet to meet the perceived goals of the society in relation to the conflict theory which says that the struggle or strain in the society is indirect cause to functionalism.
Herbert Spenser (1820-1903) concludes that, through social stratification, functionalism holds that the society is made up of structures or groups. These structures, through general consensus, work towards a shared goal who popularizes the theory from Augustus Comte (1798-1857) by drawing parallels to Charles Darwin’s(1809-1882) work on biology, which says that, for a species to survive the environmental changes of its habitat, it has to adapt to its environment. Spencer drew his analogy in comparison to the human body, which has different parts with different functions and are connected to make a whole. With this comparison, Spencer likened the family which is the basic foundation of the society with a body and concluded that the society had to adapt to changes in order for it to meet its goals so ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1397796-sociology-of-functionalism-marxism-feminism-and-post-modernism
(Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism Essay)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1397796-sociology-of-functionalism-marxism-feminism-and-post-modernism.
“Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1397796-sociology-of-functionalism-marxism-feminism-and-post-modernism.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
sh
shakira85 added comment 1 year ago
Student rated this paper as
Perfect work done on the "Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism". I think it is the best essay I have seen so far.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism

Marxism, Feminism and Postmodernism

...encompasses a wide range of disciplines and areas such as art, music, architecture, film, literature, sociology, communications, fashion, technology, and education among others. These notions comprise of philosophies of materialism, pragmatism, empiricism, structuralism, and reductionism. Postmodernist perspectives have an immense bearing on the construction and application of knowledge. Discussion Postmodernism can be considered both a philosophical movement and a learning theory; it integrates several philosophical and critical methods that dispute the status quo within society. Some of the theories emanating from postmodernism include feminism, neo-Marxism,...
19 Pages(4750 words)Essay

Functionalisam, Marxism, Feminism, Postmodernism

...? Sociology Portfolio. Contents The Theory of Functionalism…………………………………………………… 3 Images of Functionalism………………………………………………………… 5 How Functionalism relates to clients…………………………………………… 6 How Functionalism relates to me as an individual……………………………. 7 References………………………………………………………………………... 7 The Theory of Marxism………………………………………………………… 8 Images of Marxism……………………………………………………………… 9 How Marxism relates to clients………………………………………………… 10 How Marxism relates to me as an individual………………………………….. 11 References……………………………………………………………………….. 12 The Theory of...
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay

Analysis of Post-Feminism

...? ANALYSIS Analysis of Post Feminism Introduction Douglas and Michaels focus on women’s issues in the so called post feminist period from a very different perspective that Dowd. Douglas and Michaels look at the difficulties women have in living up to the media promoted standards of motherhood, especially if they are also engaged in outside careers. On the other hand, Dowd’s focus is on current women’s return to 1950s submissive norms in attempting to attract potential mates. In spite of the feminist movement we live in a society where roles are still largely differentiated by gender. This social structure dates back to the earliest hunter/gatherer societies where men because of physical...
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper

Introduce and critique Post-Modernism

.... Schmuland, C. (2012). Parables of the Deer: A Journey Toward Christian Maturity. 1st Edition. FL: New book Publishing. Sim, S. (2001). The Routledge Companion To Postmodernism. 2nd Edition. Oxon, OX: Routledge. Smith, J. (2009). Whose Community? Which Interpretation? (The Church and Postmodern Culture). USA: Baker Academic. Warburton, N. (2004). Philosophy: The Basics. 4th Edition. Oxon: Routledge. Waters, M. (2000). Modern Sociological Theory. London: Sage Publications Ltd. Wheale, N. (1995). The Postmodern Arts: An Introductory Reader. London: Routledge.... that it is possible to fracture or break down what people used to believe is real during the modernism era into something that is beyond what people during the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Comparing Feminism and Marxism

... and Section # of Comparing feminism and Marxism Marxism is a political theory, which is inspired by the work of Karl Marx and believes in the equality of mankind, without the differences of social classes. Feminism is a theory, which believes in equality of men and women. In a way, both are related, as both believes in the equality and fight against injustice. MarxismMarxism is the term used for the political philosophy and practice, which are mainly inspired by the work of the Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Today, Marxism is present in many disciplines including, media studies, history, sociology, economics, literature etc. The Marxists disagree on few things and one of those things is the scale to which they see a worker's... not...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Performance and Culture - Post Modernism

... & Francis, 2000 Muecke, S. “Marginality, Writing and Education”, Cultural Studies. Volume 6, Number 2 / May 1992   Pages:  261 – 270. Taylor & Francis Group. Atkinson, E. “The Responsible Anarchist: postmodernism and social change”. British Journal of Sociology of Education. Volume 23, Number 1 pages : 73 - 87 / March 1, 2002. Routledge, Hutcheon, L. “Discourse, Power, Ideology: Humanism and Postmodernism”, accessed on 5th September 2006. McGuigan, J. “Modernity and Postmodern Culture” . Open University Press. 1999.... In cultural studies, how are the terms margin and centre used to define cultural groups and is it still appropriate to use this cultural model in the Postmodern age? There is a widely held consensus that postmodernism...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Post Modernism and Globalization

...Post Modernism and Globalization Post modernism generally views objective truth and cultural narratives in vain and is characterized by the growth of a contemporary culture; the culture of interconnectedness across political as well as geographical frontiers (Giddens, 1990). The culture of post modernism puts greater emphasis on motivation, power relations and language as opposed to the classification of individuals in terms of their sexual orientation, sex, race and colonial or imperial standings. It is worth noting that postmodernism has had a fair share of influence on diverse field of culture including linguistics, music and literary...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Post-Structuralism and Post Modernism

...Post-Structuralism and Post Modernism What is Foucault’s view of history? Foucault, unlike other historian, delineates from the past and argues that what happens in the present is a product of the present and not the past. He acknowledges the work of Nietzsche’s and supports the analysis of the genealogy of morals by Nietzsche. Moreover, Foucault dispute Hegelian teleological model which argues that the mode of production moves from inception and dialect to another over time (Sarup, 2014). Foucault studies history from the present and move to past and does not start from the past like other historians. According to Foucault, the difference of the past and the present is so big, and...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Definition of Post-Modernism

...the exploration of answers to various queries, issues, and concerns, beyond what has been universally accepted as truth. Description of the term ‘post-modernism’ was initiated through exploring the meaning of ‘modernism’. As emphasized, modernism “refers to a certain period of western cultural, artistic and sociological history. This period covers the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries” (What Is The Definition Of Postmodernism?, 2011, par. 3). The characteristics noted which aptly identifies modernism include: alteration in traditional thinking and exploration of diverse points of views. Likewise, modernism...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Post-Modernism and art

... Postmodernism Various discussions of post modernism perceive art as a process, performance, production and recyclingof culture authenticated audience. Julian Schnabel’s painting of 1978 referred to as the patients and the doctors was trying to destroy the illusion that many people had of reality and that a representational painting often tries to create. His work of art propelled his originality and made him at the center of the 1980s world of art internationally. Event at this early juncture in life, he was still relying on film and cinema to fuel his imagination. Trying to come up with such a work of art is a process that went through various stages before acceptance in the international world. Art is also about performance... and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Sociology of Functionalism, Marxism, Feminism and Post-Modernism for FREE!

Contact Us