How and why does the prevalence of poverty differ between males and females? Course: Professor: University: Date: Introduction A person is considered to be living in poverty when they do not have finances to maintain the minimum shelter and food that is needed for life…
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Sometimes people are limited by a mental or physical disorder that makes them unable to work. Other times, people are unable to find a job, unwilling, or simply cannot earn enough money to support themselves. Both gender and race are significant factors in poverty, as they result in people being presented with different opportunities and being limited in distinct ways. Within the United States, as is the case with most developed countries, the government provides assistance for many people living in poverty through a variety of programs, such as food stamps Section 8 housing. However, this assistance is not enough to prevent many families and individuals from struggling to live. The aim of this research paper is to examine relative poverty within the United States focusing on the differences between men and women. Historically it has been observed that females often suffer more from poverty than males do, but neither the driving factors, nor the trend itself is straightforward. This trend is prevalent in many countries throughout the world, suggesting that this does not simply occur as the result of pressures of Western society. The research question that will be considered in this review is, how and why does the prevalence of poverty differ between males and females? The author’s initially considers that the wage gap between males and females is the most likely driver of this effect, and consequently, working to equate wages between the sexes would be the most efficient way of reducing poverty in females. Poverty is an important topic in sociology, as the amount of money that people have, and their ability to care for themselves determines many aspects of society, such as social class. Poverty is also paramount in determining the quality of life that a person experiences, and their ability to achieve later in life. Many different types of people experience poverty in their lifetime and for some this is a state that may be ongoing for many years. Understanding what drives the differences between males and females is an important area of research, as it helps in the determination of the differences between the genders and the way in which they interact. Additionally, there is a applied sociology aspect to this topic, as understanding the drivers of poverty in males and females may help in the development of effective and targeted approaches for combating poverty. Literature Review Poverty can be a difficult aspect of human society to study, as it is difficult both to define and measure. The traditional definition of poverty is where a person cannot afford somewhere to live or sufficient food. However, most measures of poverty consider a certain income value which is often higher than is required for simply shelter and food (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011). Because of this, poverty can be more generally defined the state that occurs when a person or family has a lower standard of living that what is considered to be acceptable. For example, in the United States a family who could afford to rent a one-bedroom apartment, could manage to pay for food, but could not afford schoolbooks or new clothes, would generally be considered to be living in poverty. Measuring poverty Because the definition of poverty is broad, and also differs between different parts of the world it can be difficult to measure. Generally, poverty is measured in relation to a specific
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Another aim of this paper is to discuss whether it is the responsibility of the government or the private organization to assist the poor people and to draw a comparison between domestic poverty and international poverty. I also bring out the various variations in how different countries define poverty.
On page 1, we are told that she considers herself to be a victim of abject poverty who was inducted into a poverty-stricken cycle by her colleagues at school and her mother. She therefore feared that due to discrimination and inequality between the social classes she would remain in that cycle and her children would follow suit.
Majority of these developed countries will attempt to conceal the real face of poverty in their countries and the fact that it does exist, within their borders with no consideration for skin color, gender, or race. Jo Godwin Parker in “What is Poverty”, contends that poverty afflicts peoples lives slowly, destroying what they have until they are left with nothing, exposing them to sacrifices and hardships that they must undergo with the aim of simply slowing down the process (Parker 1).
On the other hand, relative poverty is defined as the economic inequality in the society or location in which people live. The report will portray secular view on poverty. Characteristics of Poverty There are several characteristics of poverty. Individuals who are considered under the below poverty line generally deprive of good treatment facility, education facility, housing facility and healthy food distribution facility.
The central issue of this article highlights the fact that poverty is an evil that the global economy should fight against. Although the international economy is progressing (at a slow pace after the financial crisis of 2008), all layers of the society are not being entitled to the fruits of economic growth.
The fate of poor people is unchanging mainly associated with insufficient food and clothes. They have to suffer all the societal ill-treatments. They have to be quiet and calm against any social injustice. They cannot have any status in the public life.
It is the fault of the government system and the country in they live. The individuals who run these countries are rich, there is a small percentage of the population, which is rich, and the other most percentage is
The latter part of the poor laws amendments signifies the importance and responsibility of the families within their members. Elizabethan families believed to the importance of families as the smallest institution of the society and to the supports it could
These include, victimization, chronic strain, biological responses and different coping styles than males . The high rates of depression that women experience a directly related to decreased productivity and