Poverty - Research Paper Example

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How and why does the prevalence of poverty differ between males and females? Course: Professor: University: Date: Introduction A person is considered to be living in poverty when they do not have finances to maintain the minimum shelter and food that is needed for life…
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Download file to see previous pages Sometimes people are limited by a mental or physical disorder that makes them unable to work. Other times, people are unable to find a job, unwilling, or simply cannot earn enough money to support themselves. Both gender and race are significant factors in poverty, as they result in people being presented with different opportunities and being limited in distinct ways. Within the United States, as is the case with most developed countries, the government provides assistance for many people living in poverty through a variety of programs, such as food stamps Section 8 housing. However, this assistance is not enough to prevent many families and individuals from struggling to live. The aim of this research paper is to examine relative poverty within the United States focusing on the differences between men and women. Historically it has been observed that females often suffer more from poverty than males do, but neither the driving factors, nor the trend itself is straightforward. This trend is prevalent in many countries throughout the world, suggesting that this does not simply occur as the result of pressures of Western society. The research question that will be considered in this review is, how and why does the prevalence of poverty differ between males and females? The author’s initially considers that the wage gap between males and females is the most likely driver of this effect, and consequently, working to equate wages between the sexes would be the most efficient way of reducing poverty in females. Poverty is an important topic in sociology, as the amount of money that people have, and their ability to care for themselves determines many aspects of society, such as social class. Poverty is also paramount in determining the quality of life that a person experiences, and their ability to achieve later in life. Many different types of people experience poverty in their lifetime and for some this is a state that may be ongoing for many years. Understanding what drives the differences between males and females is an important area of research, as it helps in the determination of the differences between the genders and the way in which they interact. Additionally, there is a applied sociology aspect to this topic, as understanding the drivers of poverty in males and females may help in the development of effective and targeted approaches for combating poverty. Literature Review Poverty can be a difficult aspect of human society to study, as it is difficult both to define and measure. The traditional definition of poverty is where a person cannot afford somewhere to live or sufficient food. However, most measures of poverty consider a certain income value which is often higher than is required for simply shelter and food (U.S. Census Bureau, 2011). Because of this, poverty can be more generally defined the state that occurs when a person or family has a lower standard of living that what is considered to be acceptable. For example, in the United States a family who could afford to rent a one-bedroom apartment, could manage to pay for food, but could not afford schoolbooks or new clothes, would generally be considered to be living in poverty. Measuring poverty Because the definition of poverty is broad, and also differs between different parts of the world it can be difficult to measure. Generally, poverty is measured in relation to a specific ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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