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"Female offenders are more likely to be referred to psychiatric counselling than men. Discuss, taking into account the impact of gender stereotypes in the criminal justice system"
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That, however, does not mean that women are more likely to be referred to psychiatric counseling than men. It appears that, as the number of female inmates continues to increase, prisons and jails fail to catch up with the pace of change in inmate demographics. Like many years ago, the criminal justice system lacks resources needed to meet women’s health needs. The corrections system continues to ignore the health care needs of female prisoners, turning mental health complications into the most viable explanation to women’s criminal acts.
That women-offenders are more likely than incarcerated men to display the signs and symptoms of mental health complications has been abundantly established. The current state of research provides a wealth of information concerning the most serious mental health challenges faced by incarcerated women. Understanding the mental health trends in women offenders is crucial for the development of more relevant criminal justice frameworks and detecting the stereotyping and bias affecting female inmates in the corrections system (Freudenberg 2002). According to Covington (2007), when it comes to mental health, 73% of female inmates in state prisons display the signs of mental health disorders, compared to only 12% among the general population. 75% of those who meet the criteria for mental health disorders also display the symptoms of substance dependence or abuse (Covington 2007). This is probably why the largest percentage changes in delinquency have been noted in female youth (Cruise, Marsee, Dandreaux & DePrato 2007; Snyder & Sickmund 2006). However, the link between mental health complications and crimes committed by female offenders are beyond the scope of this discussion. More important is the current state of mental health in women-prisoners and its implications for the criminal justice processes affecting the corrections system. In this sense, the results
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The term social control refers to the social and political processes which control the behaviours of the individuals or groups. Since man is a social animal, he lives in groups. While living as part of a group, he cannot behave like animals. In other words, a person needs to live in accordance not only with his own preferences/ interests but also with the society’s preferences and interests.
Different individuals act in a manner that has been considered unlawful by the authorities. In the past, the males in the society committed most of these criminal offenses and the victims were often females and the children. Cases of rape, child abduction, violent robberies, and other forms of crimes were mainly associated with men.
Millions of women spend years in jails for the crimes and wrongdoings they have committed. The prevailing majority of female offenders realize the seriousness of their deeds and the need to be punished for them. However, despite the growing number of female inmates, they remain some of the most misunderstood, neglected and unseen individuals.
An estimated 8,000 children are affected each year as a result of their mother's imprisonment (Page, 2003). As these statistics show, the situation of female offenders seems to be alarmingly bad.
Thus, female offenders are recently in focus by the criminal justice system in terms of their misdemeanours and their various needs.
The question arises here as to what are those circumstances that tend feminist towards such nefarious acts. Whatever be the circumstances, these acts are primarily unsophisticated crimes that require little skill and education and yield small rewards. The evidence indicates that women, who have been arrested and convicted, have been from the lower socioeconomic class and members of ethnic or racial minority groups.
Hence, various legal provisions have been passed in order to monitor the movements of these sexual offenders. Various states have addressed the registration and/or publication of a database of convicted sex offenders who are returned to parole of probation supervision.
The core motivating principle of the juvenile system is rehabilitation. This is because juveniles are not fully mentally or physically developed; they cannot be accountable for their actions in the same way as adults. Additionally, many juvenile offenders
Most terrorists’ organization opposes the rule of democracy (Lee, 2013). There is usually peace in democratic countries for it is through the choice of the people that leaders arise unlike countries that are ruled through dictatorship. Their understanding of true
The attitude to victims of sexual violence is ambivalent in the world because some people seem to justify offenders more eagerly than to feel compassion to victims. Women that become victims of sexual violence are very different: some of them are very young and naive others are much older and more experienced.
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