Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the contemporary setting, we become aware that children and young individuals are now committing offensive behaviour and crimes that were previously committed only by adults. Thus, we now have the terms 'juvenile delinquents' and 'child offenders'. The offenses that young people commit nowadays range from petty burglary to violent homicide and rape…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense"

Download file to see previous pages Thus, the juvenile justice system was established and empowered to deal with cases of juvenile delinquency.
After serving the punishment handed down by the juvenile justice system, the juvenile delinquent is released from custody or supervision. The interest in the effectiveness of the justice system in reforming the individual gave rise to a wealth of literature particularly in the subject of re-offense. This paper aims to determine and discuss the nature of troubled youth re-offense and evaluate the policies aimed in addressing them. In reading this paper, one will come to know that re-offense is more commonly referred to as recidivism and that several socio-demographic, legal and policy-related factors are involved in its dynamics.
Reoffending is more commonly known as recidivism and is legally taken to refer to the act of an individual committing an offense after being released from a correctional facility. The interest in determining the tendency of an individual to commit a crime again has given rise to several studies concerning recidivism. Maltz (1984) conducted a literature review and was able to identify at least 14 working definitions with the most prominent being re-arrest, resentence and readjust/reconviction (i.e. on trial and investigation again). The three main definitions are as follows:
An individual is re-arrested once he is...
In short, the mere act of being arrested is taken to be indicative of recidivism.
(b) Resentence
A child or an adolescent is considered to have been resentenced once he is subjected to a period of custody or supervision. However, much of the resentence is not contingent on the process of adjudication but more on the report provided by the probationary officer which can be highly subjective. For example, the probationary officer may have deemed it probable that the individual will reoffend again and recommended the return-to-custody as a pre-emptive measure.
(c) Re-adjudication/Reconviction
This measure is considered by many researchers such as Champion (1998) to be the most reliable indication of re-offense. Through an official judicial proceeding, it confirms that the person has subsequently committed an offense (not necessarily the same one that he committed). It should be noted that re-adjudication is primarily applied for juveniles in juvenile court but there are juveniles being tried and found guilty in adult courts. In this process, they are considered as being reconvicted.
Many studies such as that of Greenwood et. al. (1993) found this measure to be more appropriate due to the relative ease of access to data and subjects not being required to cooperate. Nonetheless, there is an increasing tendency to combine and use all of the three prominent definitions such as what was conducted by Caggiano (1986) and Langan & Levin (2002).
Predicting Recividism
Sociological and criminological research such as that of Klein & Caggiano (1986) and the Florida Department of Corrections (2003) have investigated the connection between recidivism and variables such as age, race, gender, offense type, family background, peer pressure and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words. Retrieved from
(Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words.
“Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense

Juvenile delinquency

...? Juvenile Delinquency Introduction There are many challenges that come with one being a youth; body changes, career choices, identity crisis as well as the societal requirements. Lesbian, gay, transgender and bisexual youth (GLBT) are not an exception to these challenges. In addition, they deal with stigma, harassment threat and violence due to their sexual orientation. Shocking statistics show that 31% of gay youth have faced threat and have been injured in the last one year (Bureau of Justice Statistics Datasets, 2012). As the number of LGBT community increases every day, the society needs to be enlightened on their rights. They are entitled to respect just like any other human being. It is unfortunate that the society has proved so...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Juvenile Delinquency

...?Juvenile Delinquency Introduction: Juvenile delinquency has often been regarded as a serious of discussion in many countries. Various studies acknowledge the fact that the rate of juvenile delinquency in the modern world is quite alarming. “In recent years, juveniles in the United states have committed many serious crimes that have affected how people think about crime, its causes, and its solutions” (Regoli, John & DeLisi 4). Therefore, the discussions on juvenile delinquency have assumed greater significance in countries like America. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has paved the way for many films too. The film, Lord of the Flies (1990), modelled upon the novel, ‘The Lord of the Flies’ by William Golding takes the boys...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Juvenile Delinquency

...? Juvenile delinquency “Association between mental health disorders and juveniles' detention for a personal crime.” By Stoddard-Dare, Mallett and Boitel. Article summary In the recent past, former studies prove that there is a drastic increase in the number of youth’s involvement with juvenile courts in United States and the rest of the world. For instance, 1.7 million youths are annually condemned delinquent while 500,000 are in probation (Stoddard-Dare, Mallett & Boitel, 2011). Many of these youths often suffer from diverse mental disorders and difficulties, which in many instances comprise factors leading them to commit delinquent behaviors. This poses a great challenge to the juvenile courts’ magistrates on how to balance juvenile...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Juvenile Delinquency

..."Nature of the Problem: Juvenile Delinquency & Child Maltreatment" Introduction: Juvenile Delinquency and child Maltreatment is defined under the category of "evidence-based" research. According to Hoagwood, Burns, and Weisz* "evidenced-based" implicates "a body of knowledge, obtained through carefully implemented scientific methods, about the occurrence, frequency, or risks for mental disorders, or about the impact of treatment or services on mental health problems."(Texas Health and Human Services Commission) Various research data depicts that family violence is the root cause of the prevalence of both officially reported and also for the unreported issues related to child abuse and neglect in USA. Apart from this, criminologists...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense

...Introduction In the contemporary setting, we become aware that children and young individuals are now committing offensive behaviour and crimes that were previously committed only by adults. Thus, we now have the terms ‘juvenile delinquents’ and ‘child offenders’. The offenses that young people commit nowadays range from petty burglary to violent homicide and rape. However, society does not see it fit that individuals under the age of 18 years old be prosecuted in criminal courts because of perceived inability and immaturity to appreciate the legal system. Adult courts are also seen to cause traumatic experiences for a young individual. Thus, the juvenile justice system was established and empowered to deal with cases of juvenile...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Juvenile Delinquency

...Running Head: JUVENILE DELINQUENCY A Paper on Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is one of the problematic issues in the society that is related to the behavior of adolescents, their social relationships and interactions with other people and the actions that they commit that can cause harm to others. The objective of the study is to present a view on juvenile delinquency and the different strategies and methods to resolve such cases of delinquent behaviors. According to the definition of the United Nations Organization, juvenile delinquency includes the different forms of problematic behaviors and repercussions caused by a minor that contradict the legal and social norms which can varies from minor offences...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Juvenile Delinquency

Introduction John is a 13year old school boy who shot three who were coming out of a room. Two of them died instantly while the other one was rushed to hospital. This was in reaction to a suspension letter he had received from the school for engaging in other forms of criminal behaviors within the school compound. Previously, he had been caught smuggling drugs into the school compound. His background information indicates he is a victim of family violence. Target hardening in the school would have minimized occurrence of such an incidence. Although there are many theories that can be used to explain delinquent behavior, this paper will use the routine activity theory to explain the behavior of John and show how it relates to his b...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Juvenile Delinquency

...Juvenile Delinquency Proverbs and Juvenile Justice The book of proverbs forms the basis of wisdom accredited to that of King Solomon. This book is full of descent instructions of how to live a pleasing life even before God. It instructs us how to live with people in a more peaceful way. It is of great value to individuals of all ages and builds a moral and happy life in all mankind. The sole purpose of the book therefore is to provide moral instructions in daily life. It provides youths with great wisdom to overcome challenges of life and escape the punishment of breaking the law. The youths are instructed on how to choose friends. Those who will walk in the company of wise will continually be wiser unlike those who seek the counsel...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Juvenile Delinquency

...Juvenile Delinquency affiliation Juvenile Delinquency Shawn’s attempted murder in Los Altos As van Dalen (2001) reports, in the year 1998 on a Christmas night, Shawn a 16-year-old boy, attacked his father while sleeping. He stabbed him severely with a knife on the neck, head and arms. To date, the reason for attacking his father remains unclear. Even though there was uncouth tension in the family due to Shawn’s expulsion from school and use of marijuana, he never had a violent relation with his loving father. Shawn claims that he does not remember attacking his father. His mother can remember waking up after hearing her husband sharp scream. Shawn’s father did not know who attacked him at first. However, minutes later, he realized...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Possible Cause of Juvenile Crime

The Latin word, ‘delinquent,’ connotes dereliction of duty and gave rise to the term ‘delinquency,’ which is now generally recognized as offenses against lawful authority, or to the violation of criminal law by a child below the age of eighteen (Concept and Causes of Juvenile Delinquency). Prior to the mid-nineteenth century, children under the age of seven were not held to be responsible for criminal acts, children under the age of fourteen were held to be incapable of criminal intent and those above fourteen were subject to the same legal proceedings as adults The Juvenile Offender’s Act of 1847 allowed children under fourteen to be tried speedily and outside public scrutiny by two magistrates. The...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Juvenile Delinquency Laws and Juveniles in Criminal Court

...Running Head: Juvenile Delinquency and The Juvenile Justice System Juvenile Delinquency and The Juvenile Justice System Introduction In legal parlance, juvenile delinquency has two layers of misconduct. In one instance the term refers to any act committed by a minor that would be considered a crime had the act been committed by an adult. (Roucek, 4) In another instance a juvenile can be delinquent for what amounts to mere “incorrigible” conduct and does not involve criminal acts. (Roucek, 5) For instance, a juvenile who leaves his or her home without consent or is idle or associates with “vicious or immoral persons” can be designated a delinquent under the laws of various US States. (Roucek, 5) This paper explores the various...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Interventions in Juvenile Delinquency

...Interventions in Juvenile Delinquency Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Inserts 8 July 2009 Interventions in Juvenile Delinquency Introduction Juvenile Delinquency is one of the serious issues that call for attention of modern world being the juveniles as the central figures. Juvenile Delinquency is a term which refers to juvenile crimes and the criminal activities of the juveniles who has persistent criminal backgrounds. It may not be desirable to criticize the modern people for leading children to delinquency, but one could see its symptoms from the time immemorial. Though there were different juvenile detention centers, one is doubtful regarding the services they performed for assuring the better future and rehabilitation...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

The Problem of Juvenile Delinquency and Changes in Middle Class Attitudes and Practices in The Nineteenth Century

...Juvenile Delinquency in the 19th Century Juvenile delinquency is an important which has been at the forefront of scholarly attention in recent times. High school shootings, such as the infamous event in Columbine amongst others, have brought the issue of juvenile delinquency to the forefront of media attention. Despite the fact that there is renewed interest in the subject, serious considerations of juvenile delinquency have been evolving since the middle of the 19th century. Accordingly, since the onset of Victorian era ideals surrounding the ability of society to handle juveniles who are behaving in a delinquent manner, much attention has been given to the issues surrounding youth crime, youth violence and overall juvenile delinquent...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

Juvenile Delinquency and Education: A Comparison of Public and Private Education

...Juvenile Delinquency and Education Introduction and ment of the Problem The question of juvenile misbehaviour and crime was not taken seriously until modern times. It was till the eighteenth century that children were regarded as non persons. They were neither recognized nor received any special treatment from either the state or society. The concept of discipline was at most a violent treatment of reinforcing specific norms acceptable in society. Perhaps a reason for that was that child mortality rates were high. It was not considered feasible to form attachments with children. They were left up to nature and the survival of the fittest approach. However, at the end of the eighteenth century, the age of “The Enlightenment” brought about...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

The Juvenile Delinquent Jamie

... months ago. At present, he smokes cannabis several times a week with friends. His paint use is sporadic, every couple of weeks. His offending behaviour enables him to distance himself from his parents. Coincidentally, his behaviour has managed to force his parents, who were previously estranged, to work together to solve the problems associated with their child’s juvenile delinquency. Considering the above case, the critical issues of this case study shall first be identified. Next, how these issues specifically impact and or disadvantage the adolescent shall also be identified. Then, this paper shall use research literature in order to discuss whether there is an argument for implementing specific strategies to mitigate the impact...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

Juvenile Delinquency

...Juvenile DelinquencyJuvenile delinquency can be defined as the illegal or antisocial behavior by adolescents or people under the age of majority, 18 years for most of the countries. Juveniles are those people who commit a crime but have not reached the age of majority or adulthood. The age of majority is usually predetermined in law especially for minor crimes. Committing a major crime may force the juvenile to be tried as an adult which means that the person may spend adolescence life in prison or serve a lifetime imprisonment. Delinquency is engaging in acts considered crimes by the law though it can also mean abandoned. When a person below the age of majority commits a crime frequently, he/she is tried and jurisdiction passed under...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Juvenile Justice in the United States

... changes in the system and impact of international laws and United States criminal justice system on the Juvenile justice of U.S are discussed below: Traditional ways for Juvenile justice As the shifting of population from the rural areas to urban areas were taking place in the beginning of 19th century, the idea for treating the young children when committing the crime was building. During that period, the punishments given to the young children were very mere and they were not giving much attention to the punishment rather than they were of the view to correct the delinquency that caused the crime. Procedures and ruling conducted for the adult prisoners were somewhat unlike by the reformers and they considered being inappropriate...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Juvenile Probation and Juvenile Cases in Nevada

The level of administration will also be looked into and focus is on the positives and shortcomings of the system.
To warrant conviction through the juvenile court an individual has to have met certain conditions. According to Research Division, Legislative Counsel Bureau Policy And Program Report (2012) the conditions may extend to individuals that are below the age of 21 once by the person committed the purported crime was below the age of 18 years during the atrocity. The major offenses that would warrant a conviction under the court’s jurisdiction include juvenile sex offenders. Other crimes common among the juveniles include murder and attempted murder, in this case, most of the juveniles are referred to the adult...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law

... spilled over to James’ family and there would be no current issues of delinquency. Who knows, James’ father would still be alive were it not for a criminal life that he lead. Sociologically, it can be decoded that James’ father had developed a personality that defined his characters that lead him into a criminal life. The environment he had been brought up in had molded him to suit its requirements for survival, crime. The relationship with his family as a product of an abusive family had influenced his father to shift to crime and later channel it to his young family (Siegel, 2009). Psychological effects of juvenile acts can be in the future, the victims may suffer from post-traumatic stress. For children, the chances of full potential...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Juvenile Justice Diversion in Victoria

... sensitive information, therefore as a service provider ethical considerations should observe to treat information of service seekers with utmost confidentiality. The service provider should also be empathetic and not sympathetic (Rodriguez, 2005). This way he will be able to handle emotional issues with tact and avoid worsening the situation of service providers. Offenders and ex-offenders tend to be aggressive people. Therefore the service provider ought to be friendly and accommodative in order to handle aggressive individuals to avoid violence and bad blood between individuals. References Lutterman, T., & Gonzalez, O. (2004). The Uniform Reporting System. Mental Health United States, 65. Jordan, L., & Farrell, J. (2012). Juvenile...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Juvenile Delinquency and Reoffense for FREE!

Contact Us