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The overall impact of rising of the sea level is flooding or even submergence of low-lying coastal areas. Therefore, low lying islands like the Maldives Islands that lie about 8 feet above the sea level are likely to be submerged. This is due to projections that the sea level is likely to rise for about 8 feet over the next century. Climate change will not only threaten the economy, culture and environment of Maldives, but also the existence of the country (Knox, 2009). Therefore, there is need for the country to revise its foreign policy in order to effectively push for global action on climate change.
If the government cannot effectively lobby for global action on climate change then the citizens of Maldives are going to lose their country in the next century. According to the projections released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the average global rise in sea level will be between 0.09m and 0.37m in the coming decades (Radic, 2008). This is likely to either submerge the nation’s beaches or increase beach erosion and bring about higher storm surges that threaten the country’s biodiversity (Dunya, 2015). Loss of biodiversity would put the country’s environment at jeopardy as it will result in extinction of various animal and plant species. Increased depths may hinder growth of coral polyps which will in turn affect fish breeding and the country’s fishing grounds. The loss of the coral reef biodiversity will have a devastating impact on human settlement in Maldives Islands. The rise in sea means that salt water will intrude into fresh water sources in the country which will impact negatively on agriculture and terrestrial ecosystems (WorldBank, 2010).
Erosion and submergence of beaches in the Maldives Islands means that the country will no longer receive tourists. This will be the worst economic tragedy to the nation since its economy largely depends on foreign exchange earned from the tourism sector. In
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Peoples evidently observed the melting of the glaciers in the North Pole, the increase of sea level in tropical zones at an average rate of 1.8 [1.3 to 2.3]mm/yr since 1993 and the warming of the earth which affects the cycle of vegetation and farm life (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2008).
Although it is a devastating dilemma, we are not left hopeless. Climate change urges rapid modifications on how we run our systems by altering our individual lifestyles, establishing legislation as the nation’s aid, and participation of other countries in this endeavor.
Climate change can be due to: Natural variability – warming or cooling due to sun spot activity, solar radiation Human activity – burning of fossil gases into the atmosphere, causing enhanced greenhouse effect However, there is much debate about what causes climate change, and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change refers to a change of climate that is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the global atmosphere.
According to the paper, the effects of climate change are increasingly felt in many parts around the world. Human life and activities are affected by weather and climate, and changes in climate affect man and animals, food production, water sources and health. Short-term changes in climate can be classified as normal weather conditions.
The Ministry of Tourism of Maldives claimed that initially, the island’s economy depended entirely on fisheries. However, after 1972, the dependence of the economy was rapidly transferred onto tourism. Currently, reaching four decades since the start of tourism, the Ministry of Tourism reported that the flourishing tourism sector has become the major source of the country’s income.
Significantly, climate change predictions give man knowledge of the future; and these predictions cannot compared to magic, neither are they opinions or speculations.(Ricky, 2008, 1) Climate predictions are based on investigation in the field of science i.e.
ions that have contributed to climate change and as such have committed to address the issue and assist developing countries in reducing their admissions. There are many negative consequences as a result of climate change and here rising sea levels will be discussed.
National Aeronautics and Space Administration poses a crucial question regarding the evidence of climate change whose answers aid in understanding the noticeable changes around the world.
The question has been addressed both in qualitative and
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