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Prior to the formation of the United Nations, countries first organized themselves to address specific issues. One of the first organization prior to United States that was organized to address peace was the International Peace Conference that was held in 1899 in The Hague to put in place the mechanism on how to resolve crisis peacefully that would prevent wars from happening such as the previous world wars. Canada has been instrumental in the creation of United Nations being one of its founding members and has been an active participant and supporter since its beginnings. It was active not only in the primary role of UN to maintain peace and stability but also on other aspects such as supporting its drive to promote human rights, improving the administrative capability of UN and providing financial support to the institution.
United Nations is created to prevent another world war to happen and to also collectively address global issues such as peace and security, climate change, food security and others. It was created after World War II where countries in ruin and wanted lasting peace. At present, UN has expanded its role from averting a world war and maintaining peace to addressing global issues in the 21st century. It has also became a major international platform for dialogue and negotiation not only in settling conflict and dispute but also in addressing other timely humanitarian concerns such as human rights and climate change.
United Nation’s predecessor was the League of Nations which was created with similar intention as the International Peace Conference which was established in 1919 to prevent war and promote peace and security under the Treaty of Versailles. The League of Nations however was disbanded after it failed to prevent the Second World War from happening giving way to creation of United Nations after Second World War in 1945.
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What makes the United States an ‘exceptional’ nation?
Few can deny that America is one of the greatest countries that the world has ever seen. With its massive natural wealth and industrious people, it has developed into a global superpower. Its culture is influential and its military is second to none.
It is the most powerful organ of the United Nations, and its resolutions can bind all the member states (Kugel 2009). Its goals include promotion of peace and goodwill among the nations, which it implements through the imposition of sanctions and embargo as well as diplomacy and peacekeeping operations.
Most worrisome, British feared that the Americans would expand further to the north, a land that technically belonged to the British but sparsely settled. In addition, Canada was facing frequent raids organized by Fenian Brotherhood, a group composing of Irish Americans whose view was to pressure Britain into granting Ireland its Independence and sovereignty.
Moreover, multinational drives to promote human rights stimulate a debate that hints that the idea of sovereignty is changing. This is the scenario as I examine the role of NATO and the United Nations in the conflict in Kosovo as they tried to address the violations of human rights and crimes against humanity.
Perhaps Canadians continually ponder over this question since they are incessantly developing as a country. Conceivably, it is because of the sentiments that the globe is closer to home than ever before. In essence, diversity has been an issue in the "Quebecois" nation creating a distinct social phenomenon that redefines the social diversity context of the nation (Soeters & Meulen, 2007).
Since the island is very small, it will need to have a very strong foreign policy defined to ensure the future prosperity of the nation. The government system will be federal and the rights of the federal government will be passed down to a combination of mayors and judiciary of each town.
Equalization in the basic terms is a federal transfer program that allows all provinces, irrespective of their ability to increase revenue, to offer roughly equal levels of services at similar taxation levels. The program's goal is to ensure that citizens in all provinces have access to roughly the same level of social services - such as education and social assistance - without spending excessive levels on taxation.
The critics of free market healthcare will point out the disparities in treatment between the rich and the poor. However, socialized healthcare would reduce the level of treatment for everyone. Both rich and poor would have sub standard treatment with socialized healthcare. Critics believe that the 40 million uninsureds would suddenly have access to healthcare.
What makes UNEP thrive in its operations is the fact that the organization is based in Africa. This gives an added advantage for it to understand the environmental concerns experienced by the developing countries. As a way to ensure that everything goes on precisely, UNEP
Peacekeeping is a way to help countries torn by conflict by creating conditions for sustainable peace. (UN Facts, p. 2) After analysing the distinctive periods of war during and after the cold war, it is easy to understand the emergence of
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