Nobody downloaded yet

6.The act of voting out of a sense of duty is not a utility maximising act (Stephen Parsons 2006: 295). Do you agree with Parsons - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Voting is the key process of making collective decisions in representative democracies and is employed in the election of political leaders, as well as the selection of government policies (Rowley and Schneider, 2004, p. 530). Voting can also create inefficiency and delay, and…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.9% of users find it useful
6.The act of voting out of a sense of duty is not a utility maximising act (Stephen Parsons 2006: 295). Do you agree with Parsons
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "6.The act of voting out of a sense of duty is not a utility maximising act (Stephen Parsons 2006: 295). Do you agree with Parsons"

Download file to see previous pages ational and utility maximising choices made by the prospective voters, and if the costs outweigh the benefits, it is considered rational ignorance (Rowley and Schneider, 2008, p. 121). On the other hand, they might decide not to take part in an election because the costs outweigh the benefits, in what can be considered rational abstention (Cooter, 2000, p. 22). Other problems may develop from the voting itself, where, for instance, the median voter decides the result in majority-rule elections, and this creates a situation where the preferences of other voters are ignored. In this case, a voting paradox develops, since when three or more people vote, a consistent ranking of their preferences cannot be achieved. Based on rational choice theory, therefore, voting is considered an irrational act, since the possibility of a single vote affecting an election is negligible, but voting still incurs costs and people continue to vote. Keith Dowding attempted to solve this paradox by making modifications to the rational choice framework, arguing that people vote based on a sense of duty. The modification reserves the notion that people achieve utility maximisation. Stephen Parsons (in the paper quoted above in the question) does not agree with this claim, and is of the opinion that, in order to have any explanatory backing, “duty must be modelled as a modified lexicographic preference” (Parsons, 2006, p. 295). Therefore, I agree with Parsons since, these preferences are proscribed by the continuity axiom that is needed so that a preference ordering can be represented by a function of utility which supports the statement, “The act of voting out of a sense of duty is not a utility maximizing act” (2006, p. 295).
Maximising utility is an economic concept, denoting that, when deciding what to buy, a consumer tries to attain the biggest possible value while spending the smallest amount. In this case, the goal of the consumer is maximisation of the total value that can be ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“6.The act of voting out of a sense of duty is not a utility maximising Essay”, n.d.)
6.The act of voting out of a sense of duty is not a utility maximising Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1696296-6the-act-of-voting-out-of-a-sense-of-duty-is-not-a-utility-maximising-act-stephen-parsons-2006-295-do-you-agree-with-parsons
(6.The Act of Voting Out of a Sense of Duty Is Not a Utility Maximising Essay)
6.The Act of Voting Out of a Sense of Duty Is Not a Utility Maximising Essay. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1696296-6the-act-of-voting-out-of-a-sense-of-duty-is-not-a-utility-maximising-act-stephen-parsons-2006-295-do-you-agree-with-parsons.
“6.The Act of Voting Out of a Sense of Duty Is Not a Utility Maximising Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1696296-6the-act-of-voting-out-of-a-sense-of-duty-is-not-a-utility-maximising-act-stephen-parsons-2006-295-do-you-agree-with-parsons.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF 6.The act of voting out of a sense of duty is not a utility maximising act (Stephen Parsons 2006: 295). Do you agree with Parsons

Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act

...?Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act The paper evaluates six historical readings concerning the issue of slavery and segregation by the Martin Luther King, Spalding, Crevecoeur, Brittain, Steele, and D’ Souza. The authors demonstrate the government’s need for action in correcting their past wrongs concerning their refutation of equality in opportunities to the African Americans and the other people of color. Dr. Martin Luther King thought that the government had to do something in order to end the segregation that persisted within the society while ensuring that there was equality in opportunity (Rauchut, 2008, 162). For this reason, Dr. King came to Washington...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Parsons Theory of Evolution

...-119. Edles, L D, & Appelrouth, S, (2007), Classical and Contemporary Sociological Theory: Text and Readings, Pine Forge Press, London, 62-111. Edles, L D, & Appelrouth, S, (2010), Sociological Theory in the Contemporary Era: Text and Readings, Pine Forge Press, London, 10-99. Elliott, A, (2009), Contemporary Social Theory: An Introduction, Taylor & Francis, New York, 102-157. Fox, RC, Lidz, VM, & Bershady, HG, (2005), After Parsons: A Theory of Social Action for the Twenty-First Century, Russell Sage Foundation, New York, 11-89. Patton, W, & McMahon, M, (2006), Career Development and Systems Theory: Connecting Theory and Practice, Sense Publishers, New York, 23-67. Sharock, W, Hunges,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Equality Act 2006

...When does the Act come into effect A Don't worry - you have more than a year to get ready for the Act. Although it has received Royal Assent, its principal provisions, including the GED, do not come into force until 6 April 2007. The CEHR will be established from October 2007. Q Will there be any guidance on how to comply with the Act A The EOC has already begun an online consultation, which lasts until 15 May, about a Code of Practice. It is also holding a series of events during February and March 2006 to explain the details and implications of the legislation and to enable discussion and feedback. By Richard...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay

Consumer Credit Act 2006

...exchange information with FSA Consumer Minister McCartney has expressed that implementation of Consumer Credit Act 2006 will be a big boost to the rights of the consumers in rooting out rouges in the industry.6 Chapter 3 Research Methodology Research Methodology is the frame work within the confines of which a study is conducted. It lays down approach to a problem to be applied in a research programme. It serves as a tool to find answers to the problem probed. It can also be called a tool to acquire new knowledge. Its utility will be evidenced by how it helps solve the issues. This chapter discusses choosing an appropriate method. The aim of this study...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

The Charities Act 2006

...Insert Insert Insert Insert The Charities Act 2006 - What it means for your charity Introduction and Background One of the key issues and aims of the Charities Act 2006 ("the Act") was to simplify the processes and practicalities that charities have to follow. There was wide spread criticism that charities were forced to follow strict rules in relation to the way in which they were run. These requirements were often so bureaucratic that they had a negative effect on the way in which the charity could operate (O'Halloran, McGregor-Lowndes and Simon 152). As a result of this, the Act was passed amending and adapting the previous charities...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Frank Parsons, the Father of Vocational Guidance

...current level. Half a century after Parsons Theories, various scholars and writers confirmed and even strengthened them. One key contribution was by Ginzberg & Herma and another by Donald Super. Ginzberg & Herma undertook an examination of "vocational stories" of people from various ages, and established that career choice is not a one-time activity. It occurs over numerous stages. They discovered that during childhood, up to eleven years, people live in a "fantasy stage." They believe in their capability of doing anything. They do not consider such important factors as the economy, skills and training requirements. They do not believe that anything is impossible. From...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Equality Act 2006

...the GED, do not come into force until 6 April 2007. The CEHR will be established from October 2007. Q Will there be any guidance on how to comply with the Act? A The EOC has already begun an online consultation, which lasts until 15 May, about a Code of Practice. It is also holding a series of events during February and March 2006 to explain the details and implications of the legislation and to enable discussion and feedback. By Richard Linskell, partner, Dawsons BOXTEXT: For more information, go to the EOC's website www.eoc.org.uk BOXTEXT: Access the consultation at http://eoc.dialoguebydesign.net/dbyd.asp BOXTEXT: Jenny Watson explains how the Gender Equality...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Voting Rights Act

...actions in order to seek injunctions, preventive, and permanent relief from the section’s violation. Having noted that, many will agree that the section was destined to achieve greater heights in voter right protection than it is currently. However due to its broad text, section 2 has failed to address comprehensively the problem of discrimination in the states which have a History of discrimination, leave alone providing a lasting solution. Section 2 of the Voter Rights Act is more reactive than being proactive in the essence that often the damage has already been done to a group of voters by a state that cannot be remedied after a voting –related deadline, or an election has passed....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Philosophy of Special Education

4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic 6.The act of voting out of a sense of duty is not a utility maximising act (Stephen Parsons 2006: 295). Do you agree with Parsons for FREE!

Contact Us