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From the Sunnis point of view, the immediate caliphs (four in number), were the rightful heirs of Mohammad and they are the one recognized as the leaders of Muslims (Lyon 86). This therefore implies that the Sunnis believed that authority is dictated from the immediate descendants of Prophet Mohammad. Shiites, on the other hand, believe that Prophet Mohammad’s son in law, Ali, was the rightful heir of the Islamic throne ((Lyon 86)). This therefore implies that Shia only recognized Ali as the legitimate successors of Prophet Mohammed. Therefore, even though both of these sects believed in Mohammad as their initial leader, upon his death, there arose differences on who was rightfully supposed to inherit his throne.
Mostly, stand out differences between these two sects is not usually religious but political. According to Sigh, Shiites believed that their leader was pure and blameless by nature, they believed that they were absolutely sinless and that their authority is out of question since it is given directly from Allah (26). Therefore, Shia Muslims often look at the Imams as saints and perform excursions to their tombs and shrines in the anticipation of divine intervention. Sunni Muslims on the other hand pledge that there is no foundation in Islam for a heritable advantaged class of spiritual leaders, and there is certainly no base for the honor or intercession of saints. Sunni Muslims maintain that the headship of the community is not a patrimony, but an earned trust that could be assigned or taken away by the Islamic people.
Equally important, the Islamic religion entitles both the Sunni and Shiite are to a daily organized prayers at a specific time. However, these two sects usually practice certain rituals in different ways. Sacred practices also vary in terms of the scriptures that are conventional to them. While Shiites generally only recognize hadith attributable to Muhammads direct lineage or to descendants of Ali, Sunni on the contrary take a
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The difference which is associated with both is based on the principles of Shurah and Democracy. The similarities as well as the alterations between both show various concepts which relate to the social,
With their ideology based on Sunni Islamism conservatism, its activities were largely accepted and rapidly spread through the Arab world. In the Western world, their initial active presence was established in the late 1950s after small groups of hardened members fled a crackdown in Egypt.
Political events emerged in the Muslim world during the 1970s. Esposito (1987) while analysing the then political extravaganza mentions in his book, "Contrary to accepted norms of political development, with its secular presuppositions, and the expectations of many analysts, religion did not recede in the Muslim world but rather reemerged in the politics of countries such as Iran, Pakistan, Egypt, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Malaysia".
appening around the world in recent past, the images of 9/11 in US, the daily bomb blasts in Iraq, the bombings in London, the killings and bomb blasts in Afghanistan, Chechnya and Pakistan, 26/11 incidents in India etc. immediately crop up in front of us. What is shocking for
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These are issues that appear too complicated to handle but the complexity of studying the Islamic perspective on war and peace seems just as exhausting to comprehend that it occasionally loses appeal and makes large peace-making bodies dissipate a great deal of hope in the
Moreover, ideologies such as Islamism Islamic fundamentalism Sunni Islam Pan-Islamism Salafism and Wahabism also contributed heavily to the formation of Al-Qaida. Al Qaida is active globally even now even though its leader Osama Bin Laden was killed by American forces
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The Arabs tribes following the prophet were divided as some assumed that Abu Bakr who was his friend and father in-law was the chosen successor; these were the Sunni majority making up to 80% of the Muslims. On the other hand, the Shia Muslims held that Muhammad’s
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