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Forms and Theories of Government - Essay Example

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It is said to be strongly against capitalist theories where there is private ownership of the means of production. These owners exploit the workers who…
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Forms and Theories of Government
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of your Essay Sub Paper Due Forms and Theories of Government Communism is an ideology expressed by Karl Marx which focuses on economic equality through the elimination of private property. It is said to be strongly against capitalist theories where there is private ownership of the means of production. These owners exploit the workers who form the working class or the proletariat1. Communism promotes the rising of the working class against the capitalist owners to form a society with no economic classes. A current example of a state with a communist ideology is Vietnam2.
A socialist government is one whereby planning, production and distribution of goods is done on a central level. This is done to have an equitable distribution of property while still giving some economic freedom to the citizens3. Norway is a good example of such a form of government.
A monarchy is a form of government where there is a king or a queen who at times has absolute power. Power is transferred along through the family. An example of this is Jordon4.
A republic form of government is one which is led by the representatives of the voters. Each representative is chosen for a set period of time. The management of affairs is open to all citizens. An example of a republic is the United States of America.
A dictatorship is a form of government which is autocratic and involves a single leader who is not an elected representative and often uses force to keep power. In a military dictatorship, the army keeps control. Iraq is an example of a dictatorship5. Tyranny is similar concept where the all power is vested in one single ruler who is often harsh, unjust and oppressive.
A totalitarian government is the rule of a single political party over all public and private sectors. Such a political system has no limits to its authority and there is use of force and restrictions to ensure obedience6. China is an example of such a state.
Anarchy is a state of affairs where there is no proper government or political system in place. This often happens after a civil war where the existing government is destroyed and rival groups fight to take control. Such a situation is present in Afghanistan where there is little writ of the state over its citizens.
Analysis
The United States of America is a constitution-based federal republic with a democratic convention. This means that it is a government which is ruled by representative of the citizen body. In this political system, sovereignty lies with the people who elect their representatives to run the affairs of the state. This is very different from a dictatorship, tyranny, anarchist and totalitarian regimes where there is often abuse of power and the people have little say in who is to run the nation. The person or small bodies in power are not there with the consent of the people and in order to maintain their rule, they restrict the power and freedom of the people. This is not the case with a republic form of government whereby the people elect their chosen people into power under the constitution.
Works Cited
Britannica Inc. Britannica: Dictatorship. 2014. Web. 8 October 2014.
Cote, Rob. The richest: the five remaining communist countries. 12 July 2013. Web. 8 October 2014.
Dhar, Micheal. Live Science: What is communism. 30 January 2013. Web. 8 October 2014.
Hurst, Melissa. Education Portal: Forms of Government: Monarchy, Democracy, Oligarchy & More. 2014. Web. 8 October 2014.
Meriam Webster. Meriam Webster: What is Tyranny. 2014. Web. 8 October 2014.
Munro, Andre. Encyclopedia Britannica: Republic. 2013. Web. 8 October 2014.
University of Idaho. Univeristy of Idaho: Defining Capitalism, Communism, Fascism, Socialism. 2014. Web. 8 October 2014.
US Legal Inc. US Legal: Totalitarian Government Law. 2014. Web. 8 October 2014. Read More
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