This essay stresses that having slight similarity in its ability to kindle an emotional response, the tradition of female circumcision has been encountering severe international attention from news media outlets, health professionals, policymakers, feminist and human rights advocates. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
This study outlines that reconsideration has occurred: the domestic has turned out to be an international issue, ‘female circumcision’ has been renamed to ‘female genital mutilation’ (FGM), whereas a ‘traditional practice’ has turned out to be a human rights violation. Under the scrutiny of the international community, the subject of female circumcision became a capsule of several affective debates regarding international human rights, sexuality, oppression of women, racism, Western prejudice, medicalization and cultural relativism, leading into a burgeoning of discourses and literature on the subject matter. However, misapprehension, uncertainty, and disagreement over the intricate aspects of this concern have not been resolved. Certainly, the set of literature on female circumcision is to a certain extent dispersed and contrasting, falling into different disciplines such as anthropology, psychology, history, demography, social work, political science, epidemiology, public health policy, and women’s studies.
This paper discusses that one of my objectives in discussing this human phenomenon is to bridge some of these theoretical limitations through integrating contributions from different fields, ideological and geographic settings and hence emphasizing arising perspectives and associated aspects of the present debates. The tradition of female circumcision compels researchers and commonplace observers alike, inside and outside the intellectual community, to face more expansive philosophical and moral concerns. As stated by an anthropologist, “the very decision to write (or not) about the topic has become a political statement, and so is one’s choice on tone and terminology”.
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Female Genital Mutilation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/social-science/1553946-female-genital-mutilationfgm-to-what-can-we-see-fgm-as-a-traditional-rite-of-passage-into-womanhood-or-as-a-violation-of-female-human-rights
(Female Genital Mutilation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words)
“Female Genital Mutilation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 5000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1553946-female-genital-mutilationfgm-to-what-can-we-see-fgm-as-a-traditional-rite-of-passage-into-womanhood-or-as-a-violation-of-female-human-rights.
Table of Contents
1 Introduction 3
1.1 Background study 3
Prevalence of FGM 5
1.2 Rationale 7
1.3 Aims and objectives 8
2 Female Genital Mutilation and Types 9
3 Socio-cultural background of FGM 13
4 Physical, psychological and sexual damages as consequences of FGM 20
187). This act is divided into four different types which include; type I which involves clitoridectomy, Type II which is excision, type III which is infibulation and lastly type IV in which all other harmful procedures to the female genital for reasons that are not medical related.
The paper tells that approximately twenty-seven countries in Sub-Saharan and Northeast Africa practice Female Genital Mutilation (FGM). FGM constitutes the act of operating the private parts of girls and women as one way of meeting the requirements of cultural traditions. FGM causes injury to female genital organs, which endangers the girls’ lives both immediately and in the future.
This practice is performed by specific communities in the world, and varies from community to community. This paper explores the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) in Sudan, and focuses on different aspects of the practice, including it being an infringement on the human rights of women in the region.
Mothers, mothers-in-law, fathers, and religious and community leaders defend the practice on the basis of a girl's future role as wife and mother. (WHO 2005)
The arguments against this practice run at various levels. From a biological perspective it is know that female genital mutilation/cutting does irreparable harm.
The term ‘female circumcision’ is commonly used by clinicians who work directly with women in the community, but the official documents and policy statements normally use another term: ‘female genital mutilation’ (FGM) or ‘female genital cutting’ (FGC). The term FGM was first used in one of the first international documents.
In Africa this practice is prevalent commonly in countries extending from Ethiopia on the east coast to Senegal in West Africa. It is seen in countries from Tanzania in the southern Africa to Egypt in the north. Though recently Egypt passed legislation against the
Globalization and integration of economic interests of the countries make it relatively difficult for countries to fight with each other. The complex nature of international free trade and the economic interests
The author states that from the biological maturation theory, it is believed that, genetic and physiological changes contribute to the development structure of the body, women who undergo mutilation, may experience some psychological stress and this will affect them from coping with normal life.
The author states that the methods and possible health effects make this practice highly criticized: lack of sterility, painful nature of the procedure, and general violation of women’s rights. Many international health organizations and feminist movements are opposing FGM practice and trying to eliminate it, yet it still exists in many communities.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Female Genital Mutilation"
with a personal 20% discount.