This paper talks that the effectiveness of a trade policy can be gauged in the way it meets the country’s objectives behind the formulation of that policy. The domestic concern was of course the ballooning trade deficit which stood at US$60 billion by the concluding years of the Reagan administration. …
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This essay stresses that the insistence of the US to open markets in the name of “fair trade” poses dangers to the world trading system, “for if everything becomes a question of fair trade, the only outcome will be to remove, altogether, the possibility of ever agreeing to a rule-oriented trading system”. The danger starts itself from imposing conditions of what constitutes free trade and yet, not giving other countries the right to define what fair trade is. “Fairness” is a value-laden concept and more qualitative, rather than say, the concept of efficiency, which is easier to define and can be easily quantified. Moreover, even the American pride in its market openness that it places before the world for emulation by other countries – cannot be absolutely used as standard, as every country is unique in its structural make-up that has bearing on its economy and trade practices.
This report makes a conclusion that the international trading system not only operates under free-market assumptions but more importantly, its very purpose through inception of the WTO is to erect legally binding trade agreements that would apply to every member state. The policy of aggressive unilateralism as practiced by the United States makes use of brute political power that circumvents the legality of the global trading system. In slamming this policy as GATT/WTO-illegal, Bhagwati writes, “honoring a treaty commitment is to reaffirm one’s respects for orderly procedures and the rule of law in dealing with nation states”.
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(Aggressive Unilateralism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 Words)
“Aggressive Unilateralism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/social-science/1540143-aggressive-unilateralism.
In addition, male aggression defends kin and the flock from predators or animals of prey. In competitions for females, the fittest, fiercest, most competitive, and most aggressive males will win the competition (Lippa 2005). Thus, nature facilitates natural selection and species survival.
“It is clear that heavy exposure to media violence causes an increase in the likelihood of future aggressive and violent behavior” (Chaves, 2008 p. 148). It is a scientific concept that media is not the only cause of aggressive behaviors and violence however, it is proved that heavy exposure to media violence increases the chance of future aggressive and violent behaviors.
This is what is exhibited in the Stanford Prison Experiment. In this experiment, Dr. Philip Zimbardo wanted to find out what happens when students are assigned the role of prisoner and guard in a real prison that was located at the basement of Stanford University psychology department.
Aggressive Behavior, on the other hand, is a descriptive of any actions that are performed with the intention of injuring or hurting other people emotionally or physically (Ekman, 2004). Human beings develop both of these behaviour patterns as a result of their personal inclinations as well as by observing the people around them.
Besides, further implications such as social dissatisfaction, lower self-esteem and depression can result and may become predictive of more problems like dropping out of school, poor mental health, juvenile delinquency and aggression among children (National Network for Child Care, 1996 ; Williams & Asher, 1993).
This raises particular concerns as to what would be consequences of such US actions on the international rule of law.
This paper penetrates into the bounds of unilateralism that the US has been persistently demonstrating to the international organisations as well as to the rest of the world, in particular after the September 11 attacks.
The author states that Cuba has been an irritating grain of sand in the eye of USA since half a century. Before the Cuban revolution and the rise of Fidel Castro, United States was very comfortably holding the idea that this little island belonged to them. America’s colonial dreams of invasion were more than once realized by taking hold of this island.
The author sees aggression as having grown as an adaptation as the human being evolved through time and aggression serving the purpose of increasing the chances of sexual selection akin to the behaviour of animals. The only difference is that unlike animal behaviour in which aggression is aimed at proving physical dominance.
Prior to understanding these schools of thought, my own personal view on the matter was that people who are driven to violent crime do so because of behavioural factors stemming from a negative home environment. For example, I felt that a lack