Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

The Crusaders and the Church - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Crusaders and the Church Just as centuries before, the tales about the crusading heroes inspire hose who hear them for battles. However, this time, the battles are about the historical and moral significance of crusades, which is quite a debatable topic nowadays…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
The Crusaders and the Church
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Crusaders and the Church"

Download file to see previous pages Neither can the writings of apostles and church fathers (prosecuted by Romans) be the departure point for analysis2. It is evident by now, that there are differences in three aforementioned texts and moral approaches, and the task of researcher is to clarify the motives behind different rhetorical strategies rather than search for positive models of behavior. The Main Controversy It was no secret for medieval church leaders that peaceful message of the New Testament was not appropriate for preaching in their violent world3. Moreover, there has always been an opposition to calls for the butchery of infidels: for example, Charlemagne was opposed y such influential figures as Alcuin of York and John Scot Erigena4. It was not until the 11th century AC that violent practices actually won full legitimacy in the church writings5. Moreover, those who came to battles fully realized what a demanding task it was, often spiritual rather than physical. For many knights, especially the participants of the first crusades, the march was a form of religious initiation and repentance performed with prayers, fasts, and vows6. The difference is striking: one group of people, the clergy, was legally prohibited to take part in the crusades7; the spiritual leaders were against the murders or at least saw the controversy. Another group, the knights and the people of lower social classes helping them, did not feel that wars for the cross were controversial. That is how with the advent of the new influential social strata new morality code appeared in the already multifaceted Christian worldview. This new morality deserves more detailed examination. The Knighthood Phillips observes that the pope Urban II (who inspired the First Crusade) was sensitive to the needs of the new social class of war aristocracy, as the pope himself came from the like circles: He linked several ingredients familiar to medieval society, such as pilgrimage and the idea of a holy war against the enemies of God, with an unprecedented offer of salvation, a combination almost guaranteed to enthuse the warriors of western Europe8. Another accepted practice of this class was vengeance, which ideally corresponded the mission of the crusaders and echoed the Old Testament9. Many knights were pious and perceived their war service as a kind of spiritual mission. The examples was the knight Matthew described by Guibert of Nogent10. The customs like throwing away weapons after the crusade, fasting before serious military missions, temporary celibate and making testaments before departure was widespread throughout the whole history of crusades11. The very idea of abandoning home and family for the unknown future, the voluntary exile was in line with the practices of self-humiliation more appropriate for monks12. Still, even those monastic practices were not ‘innocent’ in class terms: they testified that the knighthood takes part in the crusades voluntarily and autonomously, unlike the participants of most holy wars around the world (this is the reason why Riley-Smith distinguishes the ‘holy war’ aspect of crusades from the ‘penitential’ aspect)13. However, not all the knights were pious in this monastic sense. There is plenty of evidence of their greed, hedonism, and cruelty. A notorious example was Hugh, count of Avranches (11th century AC), a glutton, a butcher, and a typical representative of “ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“The Crusaders and the Church Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(The Crusaders and the Church Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“The Crusaders and the Church Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Crusaders and the Church

Core Beliefs of the Church of England

...How does contemporary Anglicanism relate to the core beliefs of the Church of England in the 16th and 17th centuries? The one place where liberal theology and popular Christianity are most as odds is in the atoning work of Christ. This is the essence of faith for most evangelical churches. Early Christians believed that the human nature of the dying Jesus had been like a bait placed on a fish hook in order to deceive the devil into swallowing Christ’s divinity, which would then be able to destroy the devil’s power. According to St. Thomas Aquinas, Luther and Calvin, the death of Jesus had been ‘a sacrifice by which God was placated’ As long as one could think in such terms it would indeed be glorious to know that this propitiation had...
12 Pages(3000 words)Coursework

Catholic Church in Sixteenth-Century Europe

he mournful words of the Pontiff at that time, as he lay on his deathbed in 1559, clearly spell out the darkest moments of the Catholic Church. "From the time of St. Peter there has not been a pontificate so unfortunate as mine. How I regret the past! Pray for me." (Pope Paul IV). The erosion of its bastion in Europe necessitated action from the Catholic Church to stabilize and maintain its presence in Europe. (1
The age of the Reformation gave rise to the possibility of several national churches springing up in place of the Catholic Church. The prior attempts of reform, termed as heresy, and schism by the Catholic Church had failed, but the Reformist movement was not only proving a divisive force to Christendom in Europe but...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Speaking in Tongues in Todays Church

...Speaking in Tongues in Today’s Church Dept # The sole distinctive element in Pentecostalism lies in its insistence that glossolalia is the essential evidence for the baptism in the Spirit.1 In the Pentecostal ranks the Spirit has many purposes within the body of Christ. Some still claim the prioritized purpose of the Spirit is to empower the body of Christ to do its work on earth. The controversy aroused concerning the Spirit is more focused on the Biblical evidence proving a believer has been baptized in the Spirit. In the basics of the on-going debate among Pentecostals is the definition of baptize. The word baptize comes from the root word bapto- it means to dip, to dip in, or to immerse. This should not to be confused with baptizo...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Heresy in Early Christian Church

Conclusion: The attitude toward heresy and the reason for its formation and the church’s opposition to it is stated in general terms.

Heresy was the term used to characterize those groups of religious sects that challenged in some way or another, the ideology that came to be accepted at orthodox Christianity. While many of the heretic groups differed in their beliefs and norms they were united by a common notion that the Church did not represent their particular values and beliefs. They were predisposed to reject and isolate themselves from the Church and its one-dimensional views of Christianity. The Church, in turn, viewed these detractors as heretics and rejected them, isolating them and persecuting them for th...
11 Pages(2750 words)Report

The Role of Leadership in Attracting Youth to the Church

Not everyone can be a leader because leadership needs specific talent and capability coupled with knowledge and strength of good character. Such leadership is more evident when it has to do with religion and the Church.

Especially in these Modern times, being a leader is by no means an easy task. It calls for a lot of sacrifices and hard work because the youth of today are not the youth of a few centuries ago. Human beings are like institutions that undergo various changes throughout their lifespan. In the beginning, they are filled with vigor and vitality, but over a period of time, due to lack of proper guidance or laxity on the part of its leaders, monotony sets in and one loses their interest. Hence one of the vital...
6 Pages(1500 words)Thesis

The Moravian Church, the Pentecostal Movement and the Methodist Episcopal Church

Nowadays, there is a realization among the members of the Pentecostal movement that their attempts to renew their faith based on their early spiritual experiences of believing and Spirit Baptism has cost them a lot because they have apparently ignored other opportunities for reflection. Their spiritual leaders have been varied but intimate to the community of believers. The familiarity of the believers and the leaders with each other gives the impression of being a family as much as a spiritual movement. Pentecostals, alongside other religious movements, put emphasis on the work of the Holy Spirit within the being of the believer. Historically, the Pentecostals have a comparatively young tradition. Its presence has been felt at th...
11 Pages(2750 words)Coursework

Halloween and the Church

...John Vasquez V01187357 Lesson 8 Halloween and the Church One of the popular American practices that may be considered strange and paradoxical is the feast of Halloween. It seems that despite the fact that Americans are very pious, and are a nation of believers in various Juedeo-Christian religions, this dark holiday attracts almost everyone. Halloween, notwithstanding the fact that the official Catholic Church condemns it, is really widely spread in the society. However, it would be incorrect to state that the Americans are the only nation incorporating both pagan and Christian traditions into their culture. The duality of contrasting beliefs shows how Americans incorporate diverse beliefs to create a society that is unique. Individuals...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

The Role of the Catholic Church and the Vatican During the Nazi Holocaust

...Analyze the role of the Catholic Church and the Vatican during the Nazi Holocaust The history of human civilization has witnessed numerous such incidents that exhibit brutality of human beings against their counterparts. However, during the Second World War, policy of the Nazi force regarding planned annihilation of Jewish mass across the world, of which Poland became the worst victim truly emerge as the worst incident reflecting the magnitude of crime against humanity. According to available historical documents, during six years of Nazi tyranny, across the world, the number of Jews killed was 5,933,900, which comprises 67% of the entire Jewish population. Among the entirety, Poland was the worst hit and 90% of its entire population...
10 Pages(2500 words)Literature review

Constantine and the Creation of the Catholic Church

... other societies particularly of the Muslim world. Retrospectively, the force employed in the proliferation of the cause is not justified in its case. Geoffrey Barraclough (as quoted in Cohen, p. 3) said “We no longer regard the crusades . . . as a great movement in defense of Western Christendom, but rather as the manifestation of a new, driving, aggressive spirit which now became the mark of Western civilization. We no longer regard the Latin states of Asia Minor as outposts of civilization in a world of unbelievers, but rather as radically unstable centers of colonial exploitation.” Column of Constantine the Great (From the book “Constantine the Great: The Reorganization of the Church and the Triumph of the Church” 1905) Marked...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Art and the Church and the national parks are practically the same thing. Youre defended because youre ineffectual. Do you agree with this statement

...Visual Arts and Film Studies Introduction According to Connors ment in his 1979 interview, the art world is ineffective in communicating a message over a long period of time. Connor(2006) asserts that art is a largely unprofitable business that serves the interest of the audience for a short time before they lose interest (Conner 2006). In reference to his own paintings he says nobody wanted to buy them and they were soon replaced by fresher paintings in their exhibition over time. However, some artists are very effective in creating an artwork that captures the imagination of a whole culture and keeps them interested with art for a long time. One of the artists who have created very effective art in recent times is Giuseppe (2012...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic The Crusaders and the Church for FREE!

Contact Us