They were mainly a series of wars organized and launched by the Western European Christians against non-Christian i.e. pagans, Muslims and dissent Christians. These wars took place because Christians felt that their Holy Lands such…
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In this crusade, Christian warriors were urged to move into Palestine and free Jerusalem from Muslims Turks (Hallam 17-19; Crawford 1). The attack against the Muslim caliphates of the Near East was successful, and marked the onset of other subsequent crusades. However, for the subsequent crusades were not all victorious. Some ended up in defeats while others ended in compromises (The Christian Broadcasting Network 1)
The Crusaders, who settled first in Palestine, underwent numerous challenges. They were in hostile territory i.e. surrounded by unified Islamic forces that were constantly seeking means of eliminating them. They lacked proper means of nominating or electing a widely accepted leader, and had no clear guidance on how to coexist after the victory. Thus, they lived in small factions rather than a unified entity (Butler 1).
Most of the Christian crusades were as consequence of joint operation under the popes’ instruction. Even though in Europe most of the crusaders were mainly from England France and Germany, other European Christian localities also availed crusaders whenever the pope gave a directive for a crusade (World History Center 1). As consequence, the crusades’ effects were nearly uniform across ‘Christian Europe’.
Crusades and visits to Palestine, Egypt and the Arab world was not just a mere expedition in which people went and fought but where people learnt various aspects of the Islamic World and incorporated them in their culture The crusaders in Palestine had adopted the locals’ way of dressing and housing architecture(Crawford 1). The dressing style and housing structures were the same as those of the Muslims. It was common to find “harems with veiled women wearing makeup” and Muslims neighbors praying in Christian chapels (Dutch 1). As consequence, there was a huge cultural gap between the crusaders in the holy land and those who lived
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The swine flu brought about one of the most disastrous consequences all over the world, the biggest impact being felt immediately by the industry of tourism. When swine flu initially surfaced, it was an unidentified and hence volatile disease (Yancey, 2009), and its spate generated massive distress to the tourism industry in several regions and countries.
II. Background and objective of the Crusade In 1095, the Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus I sought the help of the pope to send in help to keep the Seljuk Turks at bay. The council of the Church responded in November 1095 with a decree of using war to advance its religious fervor.
At the start, the only missions that were regarded as Crusades were those to Jerusalem, for example, the Holy Land and territories linked to it. Later on, however, efforts made against Muslims; moreover, Heterics and pagans came to be recognized as Crusades.
In response to the Christian religious authority’s call, the European nations organized themselves and led a number of invasions on the Muslim army in the Holy Land. Almost all of the crusades took place between 1095 and 1291. The Crusaders fought those wars mainly in Asia Minor and the Levant.
This paper discovers Saladin. These were common among the Christian and Muslim forces who sought assert their claim across the land during the middle ages. Such confrontations were leader by great leaders of either side guided by religious beliefs and drive for power. Cities and towns of religious interest both to Christians and to Muslims.
The main aim of crusades was to recover the holy lands from Islam invasion so that it can be retained in Christian hands due to their high regards of Jerusalem. The crusaders other aim was to reduce the influence of the Ottoman empire through all means thereby the accomplices of crusades were granted the status of martyr in the event of their death during crusades.
The High Middle Ages were preceded by the Early Middle Ages and followed by the Late Middle Ages, which by convention ends around 1500. The key historical trend of the High Middle Ages was the rapidly increasing population of Europe, which brought about great social and political change from the preceding era.
A Crusade is a special war or military expedition carried on under that standard [Cross] is the characteristic symbol of its object either of conquest or vengeance or of the conversion of people to the Christian Faith by force of arms.” (MacIntyre 75). This provides the general definition of the term as it has evolved to become.
At a time when the Soviet Union and the United States needed to demonstrate to their enemies their technological advancement and national security, the space race marked a major era in the history of space exploration.
At the initial phase of
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