We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

The age of the crusades - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Historically, crusades were the series of military campaigns, usually ordered by the Papacy, that took place from 11th till 13th century. Those campaigns were dedicated to re-capturing of the Holy Land from the Muslims.
The original crusaders were known by various terms, including fideles Sancti Petri (the faithful of St…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
The age of the crusades
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
The age of the crusades

Download file to see previous pages... They wore cloth cross (crux) sewn into their clothes - this is he most obvious background of the word "crusader" .
The background of the crusades lie in Western developments earlier in the Middle Ages, as well as the deteriorating situation of the Byzantine Empire. The collapse of the Carolingian Empire in the later 9th century, combined with the relative stabilization of local European borders after the spread of Christianity among Vikings, Slavs and Magyars, meant that there was an large class of warriors who by that time had very little to do but fight among themselves and plunder the peasant population. The Church tried to interfere into this violence with the Peace and Truce of God movements, forbidding violence against certain people during certain seasons or times of year. This was somewhat successful, but trained warriors always sought an outlet for their violence. Thus, plea for help from the Byzantine Emperor Alexius I in opposing Muslim attacks fell on ready ears.
After the numerous attacks of Seljuks, the Byzantine emperor Alexius I called for support, in 1095 Pope Urban II called upon all Christians to wage a war against the Turks. Crusader armies moved to Jerusalem and destroyed several cities on their way. In 1099, they took Jerusalem and massacred the local population. Eventually, several small Crusader states were created, for instance, the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Also there was another wave of crusaders, which was less successful.
2) Second Crusade (1147-1149)
Christians and Muslims co-existed in the Holy Land in peace for a long time, but in 1147 Bernard of Clairvaux called for a new crusade when the town of Edessa was captured and occupied by the Turks. French and German forces made a foolish attack on Damascus, creating the dangerous situation over the whole crusader state. Invasion was failed, so army of loosers had to come back to their countries.
3) Third Crusade (1189-1192)
In 1187, Saladin recaptured Jerusalem. Pope Gregory VIII ordered a new crusade, which was led by several of Europe's most important leaders: Philip II of France, Richard I of England and Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. This crusade will be examined in detail in the next chapters of this work.
4)Fourth Crusade (1202 -1204)
The Fourth Crusade was initiated by Pope Innocent III in 1202, when Muslims intended to capture the Holy Lands through Egypt. The Venetians gained control of this crusade and moved to Constantinople, where they attempted to place their protg on the throne. As a result, the city was sacked in 1204. The high spirit of the crusade was now dead, and this crusade can be explained as the kind of Papacy's struggle. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
The Crusades
Jerry Ciacho November 20, 2011 The Crusades The Crusades played a big role in the history during the Middle Ages also known as the Dark Ages. This series of holy wars between the medieval Christians and Muslims impinged on many Europeans. Even children were involved and lost their lives in the long battle of this religious war.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
The Crusades
The Crusades The Crusades were the holy wars of the Christians to take back lands forcibly taken by the invading Muslims. The research focuses on the origins of the Crusades. The research includes the political, economic, and social aspect of the contest. The Crusades theme focuses on the evolution of the crusades (an evolution over time) to curtail the rapidly expanding Muslim empire.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The Crusades: The Muslim Perspective
major participants of the Crusades are the crusaders on the western side and the Muslims on the eastern front. In this context, a consideration of Margaret Jubb’s “The Crusaders’ Perceptions of their Opponents,” and Helen Nicholson’s “Muslims’ Reactions to the Crusades,” contribute to a deeper understanding of the issue.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Women and Children of the Crusades
WOMEN AND CHILDREN OF THE CRUSADES Name Class April 20, 2012 The year 1212 has been marked as one of the most remarkable of all crusades, because it was the year of the Children’s Crusade. Munro and Hansbery complain about the lack of resources with credibility on this particular crusade.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Imperial Crusades
The Crusades of the Middle Ages were pilgrimages armed preached by the pope or the spiritual authority of Christianity (Cockburn and Clair, 2004). They were also military expeditions in order to deliver Jerusalem from Muslims. However, the term "crusade" has been extended to other military actions, whose aim was not to extend religion.  Imperialism is a strategy or a political doctrine of conquest which relates to the formation of an empire or domination. Imperialism of the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century is no longer linked to the idea of an empire spanning the world known.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Quiz II The Crusades
Despite the role of today’s leaders to strike harmony in the two religions, it is still impossible because during the earlier crusades popes and bishops killed others for domination. First Crusade In the High Middle Ages and Late Middle Ages, societies witnessed religious conflicts called the Crusades started by the Latin Catholic Church to safeguard Christian interests.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Crusades
This was instigated by Robert of Couron in France and Oliver of Cologne in Germany and with the declaration of Fourth Lateran Council in 1215; Innocent III laid down the plan of recovering the holy land. After the death of Innocent in 1216 Pope Honorius III took up the mantle and "organized crusading armies led by Leopold VI of Austria and Andrew II of Hungary.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
First Crusade Military Perspectives
Both these princes acknowledged the suzerainty of the Sultan. But besides these two kingdoms, Mesopotamia, Syria, and Palestine were parceled among a number of vassal lords, whose sole duty to the suzerain was to render him military service. So long as the genius of Nizam ul-Mulk and the grand personality of Malik Shah pervaded the empire, the chiefs and princes rendered a willing homepage to the sovereign (Irwin 1998, p.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
The crusades
“...considered to be an Allegorical Parallel between the Idealism of Numbers and Letters and the various parts of the Universe, and it
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
The Crusades

Crusades were holy wars to free Jerusalem, the holy city of Christians from the Turks’ occupation. After a request from Byzantine Emperor, Alexis II,  Pope Urban II exhorted Christian from the other European States to fight against the Turks. After the sermon of Pope, the Christians launched crusades against Turks.

2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic The age of the crusades for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us