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The Psychological Theories of Stress - Literature review Example

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The paper "The Psychological Theories of Stress" describes that stress can indeed cause illness and this is proven not only by the cognitive theories of stress but also by the theories that establish the link between stress and biology or physiology. …
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The Psychological Theories of Stress
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Download file to see previous pages Psychoanalytic theories where the individual struggles with his environment and copes with it through the use of certain defense mechanisms.
Based on the Cognitive Appraisal Theory, people usually undergo a mental process, i.e. appraising a current or perceived situation, by considering two factors: the threat of a demand on their well-being, and the resources these people have in order to meet the pressures of the demand or the stressor. There are two types of the appraisal – primary and secondary, although both of them may be similar (Sturt 2013).
In primary appraisal, the person assesses the situation based on how it will generally affect him or her. In this case, there are usually three choices: the situation is irrelevant, the situation is good or benign-positive, or the situation is stressful. In the case of secondary appraisal, the person concerned will now determine, after determining whether situations are stressful or not, whether he has the capacity to deal with such a situation. Thus, a second appraisal may involve responses to these previously identified stressful situations such as, “I can’t do it-I know I’ll fail” or “I will try, but my chances are slim” (Sturt 2013). In short, according to Lazarus and Folkman, stress is all about either recognizing the fact that one will not be able to cope with a particularly stressful situation or imagining the same thing as a possibility. However, unlike primary appraisal, which does not necessarily explain the connection between stress and illness, the secondary appraisal may actually provide an explanation. This is because the anxiety produced by the mere recognition of the fact or possibility that one would not be able to handle the stressful situation may actually be already stressful. As an example, according to Gibbs and Montagnino (n.d.), ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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