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The Way Emerging Field-Constructed Views of Human Nature - Literature review Example

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The paper "The Way Emerging Field-Constructed Views of Human Nature" states that the collective call for rights of women, child labor laws, mental health reform, better working conditions, and improved living conditions were exactly the revolutionary events psychology was equipped to challenge…
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The Way Emerging Field-Constructed Views of Human Nature
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Download file to see previous pages Ages were primarily sustained by the Church and the Medieval philosophy was infiltrated with the ideas of Christianity (MacDonald and Kretzmann, 1998). But, Aurelius Augustine, a philosopher and theologian, had much to say about the educating of children. He recognized that punishment does little in helping a child to learn. As Viney and King (2003) revealed, Augustine went so far as to say that threats do more harm and actually interfere with the learning process. The philosopher also shared his thoughts on addiction. He concluded that the use of criticism and reproach aids in addiction to alcohol. Benjamin Rush, a founding father of the United States, pioneered the approach to treating alcoholism as a disease, shifting the belief that it was sinful and that people chose to be addicted (Viney & King, 2003).
Another major event was the deadly arrival of the bubonic plague known as the “Black Death,” that devastated Europe and killed millions. The epidemic had major implications for the social order of nations and communities. Deprived of the knowledge of the medical basis of the catastrophe they were suffering from, Nobles and clergy in power asserted that they would be immune whereas in reality, they were not. The feudal system also played a role since the property owners needed to replace deceased workers, resulting in peasants travelling from their own villages to find work and asking for better pay knowing those in authority were desperate for their labor. This was a major outcome because it resulted in the population beginning to suspect the competence of those in power like the clergy. Besides, it also helped develop rights for the peasants, as was evident with an uprising of the peasant uprising and the increased emphasis that they placed on their civil liberties.
The recognition and critical thinking movement of social issues were further exercised by the re-discovery and circulation of the Greek manuscripts in Europe. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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