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Research Methodologies and Their Application to Counseling - Term Paper Example

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Research Methodologies and Their Application to Counseling
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Download file to see previous pages Data must be subjected to the thinking process in terms of ordered reasoning.

Descriptive Research describes and interprets what it is. It is concerned with conditions of relationships that exist; practices that prevail; beliefs, processes that are going on; effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing.

The process of descriptive research goes beyond mere gathering and tabulation of data. It involves the elements or interpretation of the meaning or significance of what is described. Thus description is often combined with comparison and contrast involving measurements, classifications, interpretation, and evaluation.

In other words, descriptive research may be defined as the purposive process of gathering, analyzing, classifying and tabulating data about prevailing conditions, practices, processes, trends, cause and effect relationships and beliefs and then making an adequate and accurate interpretation about such data with or without statistical methods.
Descriptive research contributes much to the formulation of principles and generalizations in behavioral sciences such as counseling in psychology. This is especially true in causal-comparative and correlation studies. When several inquiries register the same findings on a certain subject, then a principle or generalization may be formed about that subject.

Descriptive research also contributes much to the establishment of standard norms of conduct, behavior or performance. This is especially true in psychological testing, for instance, norms in an intelligence test. Normative standards are based on what is prevalent.

It also makes it possible for the prediction of the future on the basis of findings on prevailing conditions, correlations, and on the basis of reactions people toward certain issues. Aside from this, it also gives a better and deeper understanding of a phenomenon on the basis of an in-depth study of the phenomenon. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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