Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...
Nobody downloaded yet

The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The author of the "The Psychological Theories Behind Some Counseling Mediums" paper states that in all counseling approaches, maturity, and cooperation are expected of the client as great faith is placed on him that he can change his irrational ways of thinking and inappropriate behavior. …
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.9% of users find it useful
The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums"

Download file to see previous pages Freud views human behavior as determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations and biological and instinctual drives evolving in the first six years of life. Although the Freudian view of psychosexual stages of development coincides with other contemporary theories on human growth and development, this author opines that it is degrading to the human spirit. It demeans a person’s capacity to make sound judgments because he is viewed as enslaved by his biological fixations and primal needs. It is as if it implies that a person is imprisoned by his past experiences and that his horrible past determines his woeful future.

To survive to live with negative experiences that may have marred a person’s personality or life views, he develops “defense mechanisms” that aim to keep those traumatic experiences repressed in the unconscious. These defense mechanisms are usually practiced by everyone in their daily life not knowing that they are applications of Freudian thought. An example of a defense mechanism commonly used is ‘rationalization’. If a person has strived hard to reach a goal like applying for a certain job position and does not get it, he would rationalize to his family that he was not so interested in it after all. It is much like the fabled fox “sour-grasping”. This is an attempt to mask his utter disappointment and maintain an “unaffected” façade to the people around him.

Defense mechanisms are one aspect of the Psychoanalytic theory that this author thinks would find useful counseling, as the patterned use of whichever kind already says a lot about the coping style and personality of the client. The goals of Psychodynamic therapy are settling unresolved conflicts in a person’s past that deeply affect his current patterns of behavior and personality. It may involve bringing repressed painful memories to resurface to be dealt with consciously through the techniques of free association, dream analysis, hypnosis, transference, and analysis of resistance handled by a skilled psychoanalyst.   ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums Term Paper, n.d.)
The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums Term Paper.
(The Psychological Theories Behind Some Counseling Mediums Term Paper)
The Psychological Theories Behind Some Counseling Mediums Term Paper.
“The Psychological Theories Behind Some Counseling Mediums Term Paper”.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums

Counseling Theories

...?Running Head: Counseling Theories Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Existential Therapy, and Person-Centered Therapy: The Individual as an Agent of Emotional, Psychological, and Behavioral Change Name Course Title Name of Professor Date of Submission Abstract Counselors can begin to adopt a counseling approach adapted to their individual characteristics by gaining comprehensive understanding of the foremost therapeutic theories and practice. Every therapeutic model has helpful features. It is unreasonable to believe that a particular theory or model is ‘correct’ or ‘incorrect,’ for every theory provides a distinctive idea of human behavior and has distinctive contributions to the profession of counseling. This essay provides a comprehensive...
10 Pages (2500 words) Research Paper

Counseling Theories

...? Running head: COUNSELING THEORIES Counseling theories The multimodal theory was founded by Arnold Lazarus who espoused technical eclecticism in holding that such techniques demonstrate efficiency in resolving specific problems. Lazarus was concerned about theoretical eclecticism in view of his belief that if different theories are blended with each other they could confuse matters. He contended that if theoretical consistency is maintained while keeping it technically eclectic, counselors can precisely define the kind of interventions and procedures that are to be used with varied clients (Lazarus, 1989). While counseling children and parents, different techniques can be used by referring to varied theories so that major concepts...
3 Pages (750 words) Research Paper

Counseling theories

...? Counseling Theories The problematic nature of the world we live in extends significant levels of stress and discomfort to particular individuals when confronted with certain situations. People engaged or met with stress require certain levels of support probably in form of consolation, advice or even physical support most of which entails financial support. Some levels of stress require in depth consultation of the distressed person with health psychologists. It is also worth accrediting that certain levels of stress results into deprivation of health of the individual victims. Certain stress and depression may be serious and even result to death of the individual victim. With the serious nature of stress and associated mental despair...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay

Psychological Theories

...?PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES According to Constantine (1998, p54), a group is a collection of people who are brought together in a coherent unit to perform a well defined obligation. Individuals in a group have regular contacts and time to time interaction, mutual coexistent, and they work together for a common goal. Groups are formed to meet different objectives. There are those group formed for functional purposes to meet a certain complicated objective (Constantine 1998, p54). Groups formed on psychological perception have a shared identity and are delegated the responsibility of meeting certain affiliation needs. Constantine (1998, p 56) further stated that, intergroup behavior is the behavior that comes about when members of two or more...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Psychological Theories

...? Psychological Theories Psychological Theories There are numerous psychological theories that seek to explain the different patterns of criminal behavior that are evident in wrong doers. The theory of social disorganisation can affect social control and result in community members participating in criminal activities. The breakdown of traditional social control in any ethnic group in a community can spur criminal behavior. The theory of social disorganisation seeks to identify the fact that criminal behavior can be influenced by the relationship between citizens and their social environment. This theory is based on the precept that mutual dependence is a vital fact in the development of a person’s character. It points to the fact...
9 Pages (2250 words) Research Paper

Psychological theories

... of labeling them. This way, persons will not feel stigmatized despite their past actions. Instead, they will even desire to change in and become better persons. Therefore, indeed labeling theory has a significant effect on the psychology of an individual. Background Most of the crimes in the world are usually owed to poverty or lack. Although it is true that individuals may commit some crimes such as theft due to lacking some materials possessions, other crimes such as murder cannot be owed to lack or insufficiency of wealth. Serial killers are mostly defined as individuals who kill more than three people within a very period. For instance, records kept of serial killers show that they killed upto three victims per day. Serial killers do...
9 Pages (2250 words) Research Paper

Theories of counseling

Furthermore the paper also considers the characteristics of helping relationships, key elements of initial counseling sessions and the development of counseling over the years. In conclusion, the application of personal values in counseling and the treatment of clients is discussed. My Thoughts on Counseling A Definition of Counseling and the Most Essential Characteristics of a Helping Relationship According to Oetting (1967) counseling, in the academic sphere of psychology is described as the study or assessment of the mental and psychological health of an individual who is participating in procedures of development, such that the psychological state of a person is understood as his/her capacity to utilize development techniques...
11 Pages (2750 words) Research Paper

Psychological theories

The probability of an individual being born with certain personality features is very thin in the context of self theories. This implies that the diverse individual experiences that people in a society opens up a probability of having several personality types. Every individual has a specific and unique chance of building a different personality, based on their own experiences and interpretation of the experiences. This paper will analyze the applicability of the Person centered theory to African American women given that they are faced with several problems including racial and gender segregation.
A classical self theory is as outlined in Carl Rogers’ theory; person centered theory, variously referred to as person centered th...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Psychological Theories

...Psychological Theories Affiliation: Summary Psychological theories are useful in explaining criminal behavior and the differences between criminals. They do this by theorizing the causes and motivation of such behavior that leads to crime. The theories to be considered here are personality, psychoanalytic and behavioral theories (Siegel 2011). Underlying Principles All the above mentioned theories have the common principle that the social environment an individual grows up in causes and motivates them to engage in criminal behavior. The different social environments also determine whether the individual will be a criminal or not and what crime they will commit. Major Contributors and their contributions Psychoanalytic theory was developed...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay


... through. d. transference absorption. e. projective identification. 28. Adlerians tend to see counseling as a four-stage process. Which of the following is not one of the four stages? a. forming a relationship b. conducting a psychological investigation c. exploring the client’s multigenerational family characteristics d. psychological disclosure e. reorientation and reeducation 29. Adlerians believe that first comes ________, then ________, and then ________. a. feeling, behaving, thinking b. thinking, behaving, feeling c. thinking, feeling, behaving d. behaving, thinking, feeling 30. In doing a lifestyle assessment, the therapist is likely to gather information about life except for: a. her transference toward the therapist. b. family...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums for FREE!

Contact Us