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The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums - Term Paper Example

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The author of the "The Psychological Theories Behind Some Counseling Mediums" paper states that in all counseling approaches, maturity, and cooperation are expected of the client as great faith is placed on him that he can change his irrational ways of thinking and inappropriate behavior. …
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The Psychological Theories behind Some Counseling Mediums
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Download file to see previous pages Freud views human behavior as determined by irrational forces, unconscious motivations and biological and instinctual drives evolving in the first six years of life. Although the Freudian view of psychosexual stages of development coincides with other contemporary theories on human growth and development, this author opines that it is degrading to the human spirit. It demeans a person’s capacity to make sound judgments because he is viewed as enslaved by his biological fixations and primal needs. It is as if it implies that a person is imprisoned by his past experiences and that his horrible past determines his woeful future.

To survive to live with negative experiences that may have marred a person’s personality or life views, he develops “defense mechanisms” that aim to keep those traumatic experiences repressed in the unconscious. These defense mechanisms are usually practiced by everyone in their daily life not knowing that they are applications of Freudian thought. An example of a defense mechanism commonly used is ‘rationalization’. If a person has strived hard to reach a goal like applying for a certain job position and does not get it, he would rationalize to his family that he was not so interested in it after all. It is much like the fabled fox “sour-grasping”. This is an attempt to mask his utter disappointment and maintain an “unaffected” façade to the people around him.

Defense mechanisms are one aspect of the Psychoanalytic theory that this author thinks would find useful counseling, as the patterned use of whichever kind already says a lot about the coping style and personality of the client. The goals of Psychodynamic therapy are settling unresolved conflicts in a person’s past that deeply affect his current patterns of behavior and personality. It may involve bringing repressed painful memories to resurface to be dealt with consciously through the techniques of free association, dream analysis, hypnosis, transference, and analysis of resistance handled by a skilled psychoanalyst.   ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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