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How do experiences during the psychosexual stages of development (0-5 years) manifest themselves within the counselling setting and how might the counsellor's ability to act as a non-reflective mirror for the client help him or her to res - Essay Example

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Sigmund Freud believes that personality is established here and the early experiences by the child play a vital duty in the growth of the personality and his/her later behavior in life is also influenced. Personality, according to Freud progresses via a chain of childhood steps…
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How do experiences during the psychosexual stages of development (0-5 years) manifest themselves within the counselling setting and how might the counsellors ability to act as a non-reflective mirror for the client help him or her to res
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Extract of sample "How do experiences during the psychosexual stages of development (0-5 years) manifest themselves within the counselling setting and how might the counsellor's ability to act as a non-reflective mirror for the client help him or her to res"

Download file to see previous pages This gentleman trusted that the process of developing personality takes place in a series of stages. This theory describes the effect of social experience all over the lifespan of an individual as a whole. The psychosocial stage theory by Erikson postulates one major element, the ego identity development (Erikson 1963, p.21).
Through the social interactions that we have on daily basis, there is a conscious sense of self that we develop and is referred to as Ego identity. This identity is changing constantly as a result of the new information and experience that we acquire in such interactions. Behaviors and actions are also motivated by the sense of competence on top of this ego identity according Erikson. According to him each stage is associated with gaining competence in that area of life (Kahn 2002, p.160). An individual feels a sense of mastery when he/she handles each stage well which Erikson described as ego quality or strength sometimes failure to which the individual will experience the sense of inadequacy.
This stage is equivalent to the Trust Versus Mistrust Stage in Erikson’s model that spans from the age of birth to one year. It encompasses the process of feeding, teething, crying, biting, sucking of thumbs as well as weaning with the mouth and the breasts to gain the libidinal gratification being the center of all the experience. Here the id becomes dominant as the ego and super ego is not fully developed yet. The infant lacks identity or personality and every action is based on the pleasure principle. The actual experiences of the infant and the way they are attached to their mothers or rather the maternal equivalent across this stage of development play a significant role on the unconscious mind and hence on the feelings that are deeply rooted (Freud 1915, p.36). The infant develops body image of the external world and in that manner differentiating the physical boundaries between ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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