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Cognitive Development throughout the Lifetime - Essay Example

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This includes the ability to remember, solve problems, and make decisions from childhood through adolescent to adulthood. Initially, people thought that infants were not able to think, form…
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Cognitive Development throughout the Lifetime
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Download file to see previous pages Cognitive development is a term used to describe how a person perceives, thinks, and understands their world through interactions of genetics and what they learn. It involves the processing of information, intellect, reasoning capability, language development, and the ability to remember things.
According to Piaget a psychologists, there are four stages of cognitive development in children. The first is the sensory motor period a time between the time a child is born and the age of two. During this period, an infant knowledge of the world is limited their perceptions and motor activities. Additionally, the second stage is the preoperational stage where a child learns to use language. This takes place between the ages of two years to six. Here, children do not fully understand logic and cannot mentally control information and cannot take other people’s point of view. Moreover, the third stage is the concrete operational stage where children begin to understand themselves and the mental operations. This is usually a period between the age of seven and eleven and they now begin to think about concrete events but have a difficulty in understanding imaginary concepts. The final stage is the formal operational stage where children begin to think about concrete concepts. This is a period between the ages of twelve to adulthood. Here, people have the ability to think logically, reason as well as plan (Fernandes, 2008).
According to Rick a professor in psychology, sometimes children seem to be having better memory than adults but truth is adults have better memory and have the capability to remember more information for a longer period of time and more accurately. In addition, the brains for children tend to develop fast in infancy and continue to mature through childhood. The reason why the memory for children is different from adults is that their brains change rapidly. The brains for adults change as well but not ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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