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Compare and contrast the neuropharmacological basis for the risks associated with the use of: Cocaine, Ecstasy, Heroin, and Cannabis - Essay Example

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However, these drugs have many negative effects on the individuals consuming them, putting their health at risk. Specifically, the drugs interact with the neurochemical…
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Compare and contrast the neuropharmacological basis for the risks associated with the use of: Cocaine, Ecstasy, Heroin, and Cannabis
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Extract of sample "Compare and contrast the neuropharmacological basis for the risks associated with the use of: Cocaine, Ecstasy, Heroin, and Cannabis"

Download file to see previous pages n neuropharmacology in recent years have helped improve the levels of understanding of the interactions between the abused drugs and neurochemical mechanisms in the brain (Bear, Connors, & Paradiso, 2007). As a result, research has revealed several areas of commonalities among the different drugs of abuse.
While it is generally accepted that abused drugs each have specific actions in an individual’s brain, a lot of evidence has also emerged in recent years to show that their reinforcing qualities may arise from a shared ability of the drugs to interact with the reward system of the brain. The actions that to the led overall behavioural effects of a particular drug in an individual. Therefore, there is a strong connection between a drug’s neurochemical action in the brain and its behavioural effects in individuals. This paper aims at comparing and contrasting the neuro-pharmacological basis associated with using some of the commonly abused drugs such as Cocaine, Ecstasy, Heroin, and Cannabis. The paper describes how the drugs affect neurochemical activity in the brain as well as examining the various mechanisms that may underlie the characteristics that determine the potential of a drug such as, neuro-adaptive responses, the reinforcing effects, and emergency if withdrawal symptoms.
Cocaine is a naturally occurring alkaloid found in the leaves of shrub Erythroxylum coca found in South America. It is the most commonly abused stimulants. As a stimulant, Cocaine has the effect of energizing an individual thereby facilitating an increase in motor or/and psychological activity (Golan & Tashjian, 2012). The cocaine compound is extracted from shrub’s leaves before being processed into either powder, paste or freebase form. Paste is the unrefined and rudimentary form. Cocaine powder, which is the most popular form of the drug, is often consumed through nasal insufflation such as snorting. Raw leaves of the plant can also be chewed while cocaine freebase can be ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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