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The theorists emphasizes that every individual actively construct his own world. The theory also states that the original motivation of human is the…
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Download file to see previous pages This brought out the fact that problems develop when concepts in a person do not match or the expectations that one has do not match reality. Positive regards on concept of self is that all have the need for approval of others and this do not depend on how young or old an individual.
Condition of worth according to Rogers is created through parents and teachers where a child is made to believe that worth that he or she has depends on displaying the right behaviors, attitudes, and values. Maslow thought that self-actualization is not only a human capacity but is a human need. Maslow claimed that there was an order of needs that all humans need, and beginning at the bottom of the hierarchy, each need in the hierarchy must be satisfied before one can move to the next step in the order (Hall and Lindzey, 2007). He believed that many people are controlled by orientation deficiency, which is a preoccupation with satisfaction of psychological needs with natural objects. This produces the insight that life is a meaningless exercise, which results in dissatisfaction and boredom. In contrast, people with a Growth Orientation focus on obtaining fulfillment from what they have, what they are, and what they can do in the present period.
The approach given by the theorists coincide with the number of people who view themselves. The approach is very optimistic and places faith in ability of a person to fulfill his or her capacities (Ewen, 2003). Application of the theory is in many aspects. It is applied in client therapy, which assumes that clients can solve their problems. It is also applied in Parent Effective Training for child upbringing.
In the theory, there is belief that genetics are the primary determinants of personality. The theory also believes that conditioning also plays a role. According to theorist Hans Eysenck, personality traits are hierarchical with few basic traits rising to large ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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