Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Differences Between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
An essay "Differences Between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories" outlines that developmental psychology is a common subject for elementary education systems in most parts of the world. Its application is widely accepted in the field of education…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.2% of users find it useful
Differences Between Piaget & Vygotskys Cognitive Development Theories
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Differences Between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories"

Download file to see previous pages Psychological development refers to the emotional, social and personality changes. Physical growth entails that of the body, brain, health, motor skills and even sensory capacity. Cognitive development involves the changes and stability in the mental capacities and is observed in the ability to learn, reason, retain attention, keep a memory, and learning a language (Hook, Watts & Cockcroft, 2002). In this paper, the discussion will rotate around the study of cognitive behavior, also referred to as cognitive psychology. Cognitive psychology is a branch of psychology that studies how people think, learn, remember and perceive things (Galotti, 2012). The discussion will focus on the nature of people’s intellectual processes and how their thinking capacities change with age. The paper will also discuss the two common theories used today on cognitive development by Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. The discussion will evaluate the main contributions by the two theorists on the education settings today while making a comparison between the two theories. Finally, the discussion will focus on some of the criticism of the ideas presented by Piaget and Vygotsky. The paper will, however, start with a brief introduction into the lives of Piaget and Vygotsky. Jean Piaget was born in 1896 in Neuchatel, Switzerland and died in 1980. He showed a great intellectual talent, and this was made evident when he published his first article at a tender age of 10. He later, at the age of 21, earned his Ph.D. degree.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Differences Between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Differences Between Piaget & Vygotsky'S Cognitive Development Theories Essay)
“Differences Between Piaget & Vygotsky'S Cognitive Development Theories Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Differences Between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories

Compare and Contrast Vygotsky, Piaget and Bruner

... and socio cognitive development (Cesar M, 2002, p.3) “The zone of proximal development is the gap between what a learner has already mastered (the actual level of development) and what he or she can achieve when provided with educational support (potential development)” (Coffey, n. d)There is a difference between what a person can do without any assistance and what he can do with somebody’s assistance. This difference is labelled as zone of proximal development (ZPD) by Vygotsky. Vygotsky argued that self-learning may acquire more knowledge than learning with the help of others. In other words, he has pointed out that social interactions are least important in the process of acquisition of knowledge. However Bruner and Piaget rejected...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Piaget and Vygotsky: Cognitive Development

They share an understanding that each individual, from birth onwards, undergoes change over time. The nature of cognitive change concerns the intellect, mental processes which pertain to intelligence, thinking patterns, problem solving, memory, learning and emotion. Cognitive change is based on the handling of content, encountered in the environment. The direction of that change is toward increasing sophistication and complexity. The implementation of early change involves the coming together of whatever is innate in the infant (whether hardwired reflexes or a more complete awareness or memory) and whatever is encountered and attended to in the environment. Later change is rooted in earlier encounters and their interpretation. By...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Piaget and Vygotsky

...? Piaget and Vygotsky Key Words: Cognitive Development, Theory, Knowledge, Premise/Theory, Compare and contrast Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s theories of language development and cognition. Highlighting the similarities and differences between these theories, These scholars comprise well renowned philosophers in the understanding of Intellectual and Cognitive Development in children (Breseler, Cooper & Palmer, 2013). Their fame also emanates from immense contribution in the unveiling of scientific approach used in evaluating cognitive progress of a child. In Piaget’s premise of language development, he utilized structuralism together with cognitive growth to expound his argument concerning child’s development (Breseler, Cooper & Pamer, 2013...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Lifespan Development : Jean Piaget and His theory of cognitive development

... Lifespan Development: Jean Piaget and His theory of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget (1896-1980) is one of the most influential specialists in the field of child development. His love for the natural sciences grew at early age (Cherry 1). He wrote a short paper at the age of eleven which acted as the very beginning of his career as a researcher. He pursued studies in natural sciences and in 1918, he obtained a Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Neuchatel (Cherry 1). He would call himself a genetic epistemologist as he was determined to discover the roots of different forms of knowledge. He was concerned with the nature of thoughts, how they develop and how this process is affected by genetics (Cherry 2). Having concluded...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Cognitive Development Theories of Piaget and Vygotsky

...The Strengths and Weaknesses of The Cognitive Development Theories of Piaget and Vygotsky The cognitive development theories of Piaget and Vygostskyare similar in some ways as they both envision children passing through clearly defined stages of intellectual and cognitive growth. The contrast between them is that Piaget postulates an essentially internal process that the child will pass through almost irregardless of outside influences, whereas Vygotsky suggests that social interaction plays a fundamental role in the development of cognition. Both theories are of great importance to both childcare and pedagogical ideas. In his famous work Vygotsky states the following: Every function in the child's cultural development occurs twice...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Critically evaluate the cognitive development theories of Piaget and Vygotsky and discuss their relevance to Social Work practice

He came up with the cognitive development theory where he showed two major aspects to his theory: the process of coming to know and the stages used to acquire the ability to know. In his book, Miller, (2002, p.32) stated that Piaget viewed knowledge as a process and that children have an active process of knowing their surrounding. As a biologist, he was interested in how a given organism adapts to its environment. Behaviour is controlled through mental organization where an individual uses some schemes to represent the world and designate action. This adaptation is motivated by biological drive to obtain balance between the schemes and the environment. Piaget hypothesized that an infant is born with schemes that operate from bir...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Theories of Cognitive Development

...Erikson's Theories of Cognitive Development. Theories on development show the series of age-related changes that happen over the entire of an individual's life which is described through the use of stages. The stage theories formulated by Erik Erikson, Jean Piaget and Lawrence Kohlberg share three assumptions (Erikson, 1950; Piaget, 1985; Kohlberg, 1971): 1. People pass through stages in a specific order, with each stage building on capacities developed in the previous stage;2. Stages are related to age; and 3. Development is discontinuous, with qualitatively different capacities emerging in each stage. Erikson (1950) asserts that individuals develop in a predetermined order. He named the stages according to the possible outcomes. Stages...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Piaget and Vygotsky

... the development of cognitive skills as the fundamental objective of their teaching. They should plan a curriculum that permits students to expand their process skills that result in proficiency in problem solving. They should be able to construct an environment that cherishes the abilities of students and enhance students’ capabilities to the fullest. References Dahl, B. (2002). A synthesis of different psychological learning theories: Piaget and Vygotsky. Norwegian Center for Mathematics Education. Retrieved April 3, 2010, from Ojose, B. (2008). Applying Piaget’s theory of cognitive development to mathematics instruction. The Mathematics Educator, 18 (1), 26-30, Retrieved April 3...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

How Did Piaget View Cognitive Development

Running Head: PIAGET AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT How Did Piaget View Cognitive Development? How Did PiagetView Cognitive Development?
Development is the process by which organisms grow and adapt to their ever changing environment. For humans in particular, development has many stages, which starts from what the person already has (instinct, primitive reflexes, etc.) and would then include learning from outside sources, such as things learned through experiences, social interactions, and the like (Slavin, 2009, p. 30). Many theories regarding development in humans today are categorized as to whether the theory is more on the inherent characteristics of a child, also known as the nature aspect, and as to whether the theory invo...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Piaget vs vygotsky -Theories of Cognative Development

...Piaget Vs Vygotsky -Theories of Cognitive Development Piaget Vs Vygotsky -Theories of Cognitive Development Jean Piaget gained a clear understanding of children through interacting with their daily activities. He observed, listened, and communicated with them as they undertook their assignments. This marked the start of his study on children development. He came up with a theory that had a huge influence, especially in educational theory. As Piaget puts it, a child’s development is established through several stages, where a single stage symbolizes a qualitatively unique type of thinking. A child in the first stage has a dissimilar level of thinking with a child in the second, third, or forth stage. Transitions from a particular stage...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Differences Between Piaget & Vygotsky's Cognitive Development Theories for FREE!

Contact Us