Sexual Orientation - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Three different forms of sexual orientation are described by the literature; heterosexuality, homosexuality and bisexuality. Heterosexuality, the most common…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
Sexual Orientation
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Sexual Orientation"

Sexual Orientation Sexual Orientation Sexual orientation describes the nature of a person’s long-term romantic, emotional or sexualdesirability to others. Three different forms of sexual orientation are described by the literature; heterosexuality, homosexuality and bisexuality. Heterosexuality, the most common type of sexual orientation, is the one in which a person is sexually attracted to members of the other gender. Sexual desirability and attraction towards the same sex is described as homosexuality. A Gay man is a term used for male homosexuals while a lesbian refers to female homosexuals. Bisexuality is characterized by feelings that do not relate to any of the corresponding patterns of sexual behavior. Heterosexuality is considered a normal sexual behavior around us and in many cultures, while homosexuality is considered a taboo. Homosexuality is many times referred to as a disease or a crime and attempts are made to “cure” it through medical or psychological therapies. (Bernstein 2012). In spite of the modern developments, it is still socially disapproved by many people. Here the question arises that what factors or features influence a particular sexual orientation. Many biological, psychosocial and environmental influences have been studied which contribute towards the sexual orientation. This paper discusses these theories as well as the effect on human values and moralities.
The research studies have given evidence through various biological theories that biological factors play a significant role in the development of sexual orientation. One of the most influential hormonal theories explaining the homosexuality explains it by the sex-atypical androgen acting during the gestational period. Human studies of some gay men have elaborated that they had lower levels of testosterone hormone. However, some studies find no or little difference between the heterosexual and homosexual men. The hormonal studies for women showed less consistent results. Earlier studies estimated higher levels of testosterone in lesbians as compared to heterosexual while the more recent studies state that no difference of hormones has been observed (Mustanski et al 2002). The hormonal theory also states that prenatal exposure to certain hormones decides the sexual orientation. One research stated that exposure to the synthetic estrogen diethylstilbestrol increased the birth probability of a female lesbian. The genetic theory for sexual orientation states that genetic factors cause the person to become homosexual. Kallman (1952) stated that homosexuality is developed as a result of genetic predisposition. Many studies believe that homosexuality runs in the families (Greenberg et al 2011). The hormonal explanations of the sexual orientation provide less evidence and no convincing proof is available however, the genetic theories are more stable and convincing regarding the sexual orientation.
Although genetic and the hormonal theories explained have a significant contribution towards sexual orientation it is important to note that environmental influences have a considerable contribution as well. Our brains and bodies are quite responsive to the environmental factors and the environmental experiences often result in physical changes in the brain and hormonal changes (Bernstein 2012). One important environmental influence is the atmosphere created in the educational institutions. Schools and colleges are mostly not open in accepting gays, lesbians or bisexuals and also do not discuss it openly with the students. Many issues such as identity conflicts, feelings of isolation, family disruptions and peer relationship problems predispose the students to start believing that they are homosexuals (Greenberg et al 2011).
In cases of socially disputed sexual orientation such as homosexuality, many question the sanctity of human values and the negative effects on them. However, it has been observed that even in same-sex couples they equally value love, faithfulness and commitment. Power and decision making is also not much different as compared to the heterosexual couples. Gay and lesbian relationships can also be brief or unstable like the heterosexual couples or they can be long-term in other cases. Many also go a step further and adopt children to complete their families and prove as good parents in spite of their sexual orientation (Bernstein 2012; Lamanna 2012). However, in cases of discrimination against the same-sex couples, many undergo stress affecting the strength of their relationship (Lamanna et al 2012).
The paper suggests through different evidences that genetic factors and prenatal hormonal factors cause the differences in sexual orientation. Environmental influences also affect the development of the human brain and preference towards a particular orientation. However, it is best to say that sexual orientation is shaped by the complex and combined action of both biological and non-biological factors. It is important for our society to accept the increasing emerging homosexuality in our surroundings and decrease our discriminative attitudes towards them. Homosexual couples although are disapproved by many, have emerged to show that they have equal capabilities of building a stable relationship, nurturing children and valuing the human ethics.
Bernstein, D. A. (2012). Psychology. Belmont, Calif.: Wadsworth / Cengage Learning.
Greenberg, J. S., Bruess, C. E., & Conklin, S. C. (2011). Exploring the dimensions of human sexuality. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett.
Lamanna, M. A., Riedmann, A. C., Strahm, A., & Lamanna, M. A. (2012). Marriages, families, and relationships: Making choices in a diverse society. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.
Mustanski, B. S., Chivers, M. L., & Bailey, J. M. (January 01, 2002). A critical review of recent biological research on human sexual orientation. Annual Review of Sex Research, 13, 89-140. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Sexual Orientation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Sexual Orientation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2)
“Sexual Orientation Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Sexual Orientation

...?Sexual Orientation One of the most controversial topics in this day and age is homosexuality, whose prevalence and legal rights have been brought into question. While some people believe that homosexual couples deserve the same rights and privileges as heterosexual couples, there are still those that feel marriage, and all associated rights and benefits, should be reserved for heterosexual couples. This is due to the belief that marriage is an institution that can only be accomplished between a man and a woman as procreation is often involved. However, by denying homosexual couples the chance to marry and start a family of their own, they are being denied their legal, equal rights. The legal rights of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Gender and Sexual Orientation

...? Info] Worksheet Number Four: Gender and Sexual Orientation Question Sexism Sells In the video developed by the Women’s Media Center, the current treatment of women by the media in broadcasts and other shows was highlighted. The greatest point raised by the video was that sexism has become the new trend in the broadcast media. This popularity of sexism stems from the idea that “sexism sells”. However, the creators of the video disagreed that sexism sells, and that discrimination of females is still very pervasive in today’s society. More specifically, the WMC stated that “they were not buying [sexism]”. As for me, I agree with the video. When I first watched some of the clips in the television, some of...
8 Pages(2000 words)Personal Statement

Electronic Communication in the Service and HRM Sectors

4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Sexual Orientation

...Sexual Orientation Anderson, C. (2009). Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation. American Psychological Association, 13(4), 1-138. Purpose Sexual orientation is one of the most confusing self-definitions of all times in history. With a partial change in societal attitude about sexuality, more adolescents and young adults find themselves in a fix about what their true sexual orientation is. With these considerations in mind, The Task Force charged with Appropriate Therapeutic Responses to Sexual Orientation in the American Psychological...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Sexual orientation

...Sexual Orientation: Genetic or Choice Sexual orientation is a controversial topic. Scientists believe we are genetically predisposed to our sexual orientation. Christians and many religious groups believe that homosexuality is an abomination in the eyes of God. Scientists believe that humans have no choice in whom they are attracted to, but Christians believe that everyone makes a choice about their sexual orientation. I have examined all the facts from both sides and believe that homosexuality is wrong. I believe that homosexuality is a choice, we all come from God's image, and he made Adam and Eve,...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Inequality of Sexual Orientation

...INEQUALITY OF SEXUAL ORIENTATION Source of sexual inequality According to the sexual orientation has been one of the sources of social inequality in the society. There are many incidences in which we are treated as less equal than others due to the problem of sexual orientation. There are a number of factors in these cases that can be attributed to issue of sexual orientation. In reading 34, the author asks about the use of antigay slurs in schools. According to the author the construction of students about fellow students who are considered to be gay influences the way they are looked at and the way they are identified. The author shows that though these words can be taken as insulted, they are commonly used in school without... ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Sexual Orientation

...In the recent times, the concept of sexual inequality has been widened to include the hitherto taboo of sexual orientation of the individualswhich may not conform to the traditional concept of sexuality. The increasing awareness of the different types of sexual orientation among the masses has greatly strained the authorities of the social orders who have been dictating the societal stance on the sexual preferences of the individuals, within and outside the society. The changing paradigms of the times have brought in a plethora of new issues and concerns that have been taken up by the different focus groups regarding the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Sexual Orientation Discussion

...Sociology Sexual Orientation Discussion The Hawaii Legislature passed a bill in 1994 affirming marriage as intended for "man-woman units" capable of procreation (Collins). This statement is inadequate of a reason in my opinion, and is definitely worded incorrectly as many marriages involve partners not capable of procreation. The defining of procreation as well as what is meant by units is something to be explored when evaluating this legislative language. "My sister cant say she is a Lesbian," said Dimitris Lambrou. "Our geographical designation has been usurped by certain ladies who have no connection whatsoever with Lesbos," he said (30, Apr.). I found this statement interesting as well as the entire...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Counselling and Sexual Orientation

...beliefs. For example, a counselor with a religious background may not be willing to attend to issues of sexual orientation for gay and lesbians. Attending to them would amount to going against his ethical principle. However, this is not usually the case because counseling involves helping those people who are in need and for which therapeutic services would help improves on their health. A Christian fundamentalist counselor is faced with the ethical issue while dealing with cases of gay culture and homosexual behaviors. Christianity rebukes and discourages homosexual and lesbianism and so their counselors would not be willing to attend to the case resulting from such indulgence. The issue of morality is...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Sexual orientation discrimination

...SEXUAL DISCRIMINATION IN THE WORKPLACE At the workplace, fairness and good performance are complementary. One of the common ways that these two are discouraged is by work discrimination. Dealing with discrimination is crucial to attracting, motivating and retaining the staff. Therefore, enhancing an organization’s reputation as an employer. By doing away with discrimination in the workplace, the workers have equal opportunity promoting work and development of skills. Sex orientation based discrimination is a representative of such forms of discrimination. In many workplaces, people are denied or mistreated work on the basis of their sexual orientation. A lot has been...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Sexual Orientation for FREE!

Contact Us