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Cognitive psychology - Research Paper Example

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How individuals perceive, conceive, recall from memory, articulate their views and arrive at conclusions, etc, are all studied. As opposed to Freudian psychology,…
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Download file to see previous pages Intellectuals such as Noam Chomsky and Alfred Adler have contributed enormously to the establishment of this school of thought, by way of critical review of behaviorism. Under Behaviorism, much of human agency is the product of conditioned responses, rewards being used to reinforce desirable behavior and punishments being used to deter unwanted behavior. Chomsky, in particular, challenged these assumptions and offered a radically new model of mental development that draws on the innate and intrinsic human potentialities as opposed to learned behavior.
There are other disciplines in psychology that compete or complement with Cognitive Psychology. Take say, Abnormal Psychology, which is the study of abnormal human mental states such as sustained low mood states (depression) or irrational fears and anxieties (paranoia, panic attacks) and ungrounded fears and hallucinations (schizophrenia). Cognitive Psychology is a great aid to solving many of the therapeutic problems faced in patients exhibiting abnormal psychology. Then there is Developmental Psychology, which is the study of stages of growth of children’s developing brain. Jean Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development is one of the most influential theories in this discipline. When this is applied along with the theories of Cognitive Psychology, viable child rehabilitation methods could be devised in the therapeutic setting.
Compared to Cognitive Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology is an offshoot of Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution based on the basis of natural selection. In other words, Evolutionary Psychology is closely allied to Evolutionary Biology, and has greatly influenced all other disciplines in psychology. Many apparently aberrant and abnormal human cognitive processes and manifest behavior can be properly understood, when analyzed under the framework of the theory of evolution. Positive psychology is a recently founded school of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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