Nobody downloaded yet

Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
It is important to remember that in the study of behaviour, we are confronted with a much more complex phenomenon than appears at first glance. For example, take a simple reaction time task, probably the most basal behaviour and at the same time the simplest reaction we can study…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER99% of users find it useful
Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology"

Download file to see previous pages The subject then has to decide that he or she should react and select the appropriate action programme. The subject must initiate the action and execute it by triggering the specific motor programme. It would be bold to assume that all these stages and processes are controlled by a uniform attentional function. Indeed, in the meantime there is a great deal of evidence that the flux of information processing is controlled by a large number of very specific processes, as will be illustrated in the following. Yet we are still far from having a complete overview of how the different sub functions work, and have not identified all the underlying brain structures and processes involved.
However, the analysis of attentional performance plays a key role in psychological research in general and in neuropsychology in particular. The problem has been approached from different directions: purely experimental research in normal functioning, neurophysiological and neuroanatomical studies in animals and humans, neuropsychological studies of brain-injured subjects and, recently, through investigations of attentional processes using neuroimaging techniques.
Besides the fact that it is not easy to measure the degree of difficulty of tasks when these are performed separately, the problem is still more complex when the subject is asked to perform the same tasks, but simultaneously. Several theoretical elaborations have endeavoured to account for the subject's ability to divide, share or allocate his/her attention to two or several tasks performed simultaneously. The two most important are the central capacity theory and the theory of multiple resources, to which, as we shall see, are added other alternative explanations. The notion of capacity or resources of attentional processing plays a determinant role in the understanding of mechanisms allowing the performance of two tasks simultaneously, as well as in the way in which attention can be distributed between sensory, cognitive and motor tasks.
Research in cognition identifies a tendency to focus upon and recall selectively that information which supports original ideas, a reasoning fallacy known as confirmation bids. (Cacioppo, 2000) Belief perseverance, a reasoning fallacy similar to confirmation bias, further complicates the problem. According to research examining belief perseverance, people tend to adhere to their original ideas, regardless of the presence of disconfirming evidence. (Bloom, 2001) While studies in cognition considered the problematic reasoning of the average individual in everyday situations, anecdotal evidence also exists to support the existence of these fallacies in academic and scientific reasoning as well (Eysenck & Keane, 2005)
Worldviews relate reciprocally with general life data. (Berger, 2005) Worldviews are influenced by learning experiences and, in turn, affect what people perceive and how they interpret their perceptions. While genetically transmitted temperaments provide broad parameters for worldviews, daily life experiences affect the particular manifestations of these temperaments (Kristal, 2005).
As regards the divided attention correlation with cognitive psychology, it transpires that the cognitive standpoint of learning chiefly suggests as how the mind ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology Essay”, n.d.)
Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1516075-divided-attention-and-cognitive-psychology
(Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology Essay)
Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology Essay. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1516075-divided-attention-and-cognitive-psychology.
“Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1516075-divided-attention-and-cognitive-psychology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology

...?Cognitive Psychology Week 4 Assignment # 2 The ability of the mind to store short term and long term memory as described by the examples used give us a good idea of how these two differ from each other and how one can easily think of several incidents when they had forgotten things. These incidents can then easily be categorized as either a part of the short term or the long term memory. For example what comes to my mind when I see how these two forms of memories are differentiated is how my mother asked that I buy milk on my trip to the store as I left the car and how forgetting it in a matter of moments is a reflection of the limited capacity storage of the short term memory. The element of repression...
5 Pages(1250 words)Annotated Bibliography

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

...?Analyse and evaluate the role played by top-down factors in both visual and auditory misperceptions. Please refer to relevant empirical evidence in your answer. Top-down factors are considered very important in the cognitive psychology of perception. Top-down theories suggest that what is already in the mind (what people are thinking) greatly influence the way that something is perceived to that individual. This is part of a theory known as constructivism, which suggests that cognition is what shapes the world (Eysenck & Keane, 2005). These factors play an important role in recognition, as what is already known about an object is allows us to understand who are friends and relations are...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Cognitive Psychology

...conclusions. Dual-processing Modes Dual-process models have been found to be very common when social psychological variables, like attitude change are being studied (Stanovich, 2010). Examples of the dual-process modes include the associative processing mode and rule-based processing mode. According to the dual-process models, persuasion may take place after either extremely superficial thinking or intense scrutiny. In the field of cognitive psychology, working memory and attention have also been conceived as relying on the associative processing mode and rule-based processing mode (Adler & Rips, 2008). The basis of the associative processing mode is the slow learning...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cognitive Psychology

... Here Here Here Here Cognitive Psychology Take Home Final Essay Questions Word Count: 338 A hierarchy is the arrangement of items in an orderly, level-based manner. Objects within the system are ordered on ranked levels that are arranged to be above and/or below other levels. The hierarchy has been appropriately employed to describe the flow of information through several cognitive processing systems, including vision, language, and motor processes. The human visual system can be described as two successive hierarchies. Light activates rods and cones in the retina, which can be understood as the bottom of the first hierarchy. The next level includes the processing of this information in the thalamus, and the ordering concludes... . 2. Word...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cognitive psychology. Cognitive Processes

.... (2002). Matching and naming objects by shape or size: Age and context effects in preschool children. Developmental Psychology, 38(4), 503-518. Hockenbury, D.H. & Hockenbury, S.E. (2007). Discovering psychology (4th ed.). New York: Worth. Mitterer, H., Horschig, J.M., Musseler, J. & Majid, A. (2009). The influence of memory on perception: It’s not what things look like; it's what you call them. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 36(6), 1557-1562. Robinson-Riegler, G., & Robinson-Riegler, B. (2008). Cognitive psychology: Applying the science of the mind (2nd ed.). Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon Publishing Company. Ziskin, J. (2010,). The experimenter effect...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Cognitive psychology

...Cognitive Psychology: Cognitive psychology is one of the disciplines in psychology that focuses on studying internal mental processes. How individuals perceive, conceive, recall from memory, articulate their views and arrive at conclusions, etc, are all studied. As opposed to Freudian psychology, Cognitive psychology adopts a scientific analytic method rather than introspective or speculative theorizing. At the outset, it acknowledges the presence of such internal mental states as knowledge, belief, motivation, desire, etc. Before Cognitive Psychology attained...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Cognitive psychology

...Cognitive Psychology Task Human reasoning is the means used by human beings to improve on their knowledge, and to make better decisions. Reasoning could also be referred as the production of new ideas and understandings based on previously held representations. Reasoning may, however, lead to misrepresentation of information as well as poor decision making (Evans & Newstead 86). According to psychology, human beings are likely to make poor decisions and reason poorly due to lack of a proper argumentative setting. In an argumentative setting, the people involved are mostly after supporting their views and defending their opinions, rather than supporting the truth. Human reasoning, therefore, misinterprets the truth and allows... the...
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay

Divided attention

...comprehension reading and dictation. With frequent sessions, the rate of words per minute increased and so did they improve on dictation (Spelke, 1976). Through the experiment, it is true to say that regular practice leads to increased accuracy in divided attention. Divided attention and emotion Most cognitive psychologists ignore the fact that emotions can affect divided attention. Therefore, most surveys carried out do not include any tests done on whether emotions affect the conscious actions of a person; furthermore, while carrying out two tasks at the same time. However, in the recent past there is an increase in...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Cognitive Psychology

...Cognitive Development and its Implications A lot has been debated upon the relation between cognitive psychology and learning. Cognitive psychology helps in understanding how people perceive, think, learn, and remember. The primary emphasis is on how people process, acquire and store information. John Anderson focuses on accessible and systematic presentation of mental processes and every important idea is based upon concrete experiments and examples. According to John Anderson, it takes nearly 100 hours of practice and learning to obtain any substantial cognitive skill for reasonable extent of proficiency. In order to become proficient...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Cognitive Psychology

...Cognitive Psychology Cognitive Psychology Chapter 9 Q The study by de Groot aimed at providing an understanding why chess masters play better compared to less-experienced players. Masters show a significant ability to reconstruct chess positions more perfectly than novice players do. Therefore, this tells that expertise lie in the immediate perceptual processing since like in the chess scenario it is here that the structuring of the game happens. In addition, alongside perceptual analysis as with all skills or expertise, lies an extensive cognitive apparatus accumulated over years of constant practice. Q 2 Development enables individuals to gain greater...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Divided Attention and Cognitive Psychology for FREE!

Contact Us