Free

Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Abraham Maslow, a 20th Century psychologist with a well-respected theory of motivation, developed his Hierarchy of Needs that describes the basic human…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful

Extract of sample "Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees"

HERE YOUR HERE HERE HERE Reinforcement Strategies Used to Motivate Employees There are a wide variety of reinforcement strategies that are used in contemporary business as a means to motivate employees. Abraham Maslow, a 20th Century psychologist with a well-respected theory of motivation, developed his Hierarchy of Needs that describes the basic human motivations required for a person to achieve the pinnacle of their success and self-awareness. One of these elements on his hierarchical pyramid of motivation is a sense of belonging, involving the need to be affiliated and respected by others (Morris & Maisto, 144). In the business environment, managers can use a transformational leadership style that deals with inspiration and being able to bring out the best qualities in people through behavior modeling and encouraging shared goals (Bass & Steidlmeier, 188). Engaging in behavior modeling is a method of learning through social learning theory, in which a person realizes that behavior changes are positive when an action is consistently rewarded. If managers continue to behave in a moral and upright manner and employees witness the manager being rewarded for these positive behaviors, it is likely they too will adopt these behaviors and become more productive and motivated to achieve performance goals.
Positive reinforcement also includes operant conditioning, another method of punishment versus reward, in which an employee experiences positive consequences in the face of a desired behavior occurring (Kadden, 3; Toor & Ofori, 535). It is a learning through consequences model where management continues to offer some sort of reward when a desired action occurs, thus creating an operant conditioning response where the same behaviors become part of the employee norm of behavior.
Negative reinforcement also occurs when an undesired stimulus is removed from an environment. For example, an employee might cease a behavior that is undesired as a means of escaping long and dragged out meetings to discuss problems with a job role. The change in behavior, in this case, occurs only to avoid having to attend these meetings, however the end result is higher motivation and productivity. This can be used to improve an employee’s commitment to achieving a desired goal laid out by management.
Each of the reinforcers have their own strengths and weaknesses. Positive reinforcement is usually more productive as it gives employees a genuine reward or worthwhile stimulus when a desired act is performed. They come to respect their manager especially when they model the same behaviors they demand in the employee population. The weakness of positive reinforcement is that it requires managers to devote time and labor to model these behaviors or to develop an appropriate rewards system.
Negative reinforcement has advantages also, as it can change the environment where the employee works and limit the volume of labor required, such as in the previous meeting example. Removing negative stimulus from an environment can have long-lasting impact on budgets or the method by which a job role is performed. Its weakness is that it oftentimes takes longer to change a behavior through the process and might lead to psychological behaviors where a person is not necessarily motivated to achieve, only to ensure they do not have to endure ongoing punishment-based scenarios. Achievement through avoidance is not always significant or beneficial in the long-term.
Bibliography
Bass, Bernard M. & Paul Steidlmeier. “Ethics, Character, and Authentic Transformational Leadership Behavior”, Leadership Quarterly. Vol. 10, Iss. 2, 1999.
Morris, Charles G. & Albert Maisto. Psychology: An Introduction, 12th ed. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2005.
Shamas-ur-Rehman, Toor & George Ofori. “Ethical Leadership: Examining the Relationships with Full Range Leadership Model, Employee Outcomes, and Organizational Culture”, Journal of Business Ethics. Vol.90, 2009. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees Essay - 1”, n.d.)
Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees Essay - 1. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1577768-reinforcement-stragegies-used-to-motivate-employees
(Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees Essay - 1)
Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees Essay - 1. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1577768-reinforcement-stragegies-used-to-motivate-employees.
“Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees Essay - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1577768-reinforcement-stragegies-used-to-motivate-employees.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees

How Companies Motivate Employees Through Different Incentives

...obstacles to optimum productivity. This becomes an inevitable part of any corporate lifestyle due to the process of completing mundane activities. In order to combat this within employees, companies regularly provide incentivized programs to invigorate productivity within employers. Various subjects that are key to increasing productivity include but are not limited to bonuses, benefits, increased commission, and even the environment (Sheffrin, 2003). Companies regularly promote competition between employees as a means of increasing productivity as well. In fact, there are a myriad of methods that have and can be used as a means of promoting productivity. A. Compensation, bonuses,...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

How Managers Motivate Their Employees

...Factor Theory: Herzberg (2003) has used two motivational factors: Hygienes and Motivators, for the purpose of modifying Maslow’s theory. The first factor provides lower level of satisfaction to the employees, like better working condition, high salary etc. The second factor provides higher level satisfaction to the employees, which are related to the ‘achievement, recognition and achievement’ (Shanks, n.d. pp.26-27; Herzberg, n.d., p.1). Apart from these basic studies there are also several studies which are used by managers for the purpose of motivating employees. Providing...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Corporate Culture: How to Motivate Employees

.... The lessons learned from the discussion and the analyses were then synthesized to determine the most effective method of motivation. Theoretical Foundations of Corporate Culture Analyzing the methods of motivating employees requires discussion on the theoretical foundations of employee motivation. Scientific research concerning management and motivation is a relatively new phenomenon in spite of the fact that management of people is as old as history. In the following discussion, the theoretical foundations of modern day motivational methods will be provided and the knowledge of these can provide us a...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Can Leaders Really Motivate Employees

...Can Leaders Really Motivate Employees? Theoretically, there are a lot of theories that emphasize that if the managers take certain steps, they can really motivate employees. These theories include but are not limited to the Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, and Alderfer’s ERG theory. These theories identify a certain set of needs generically for an individual, and assert that satisfying those needs motivates people. Practically, human needs cannot be generalized like these theories do. Every human being has a different set of needs as compared to the others. In an organization, it is not only hard, but also nearly impossible for a manager to learn about the individualistic needs and motivating factors of all the employees... . There are...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Reinforcement

...as the Leadership Scholarship program encourages the restaurant employees to participate in community activities and enhance their leadership skills. The company has so far offered over $32 million in financial assistance to team members (Chick fil A, 2014). The scholarships are awarded to eligible members each year under the Truett Cathy Scholar Awards whereby an additional $1000 scholarship is awarded to restaurant employees (Chick fil A, 2014). 2. Donald Thompson CEO of McDonalds Styles of Reinforcement: Positive Reinforcement At McDonalds the positive reinforcement strategy is used in tune with its pay and rewards program whereby...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Factors that motivate employees to work hard

... Employee motivation is a that is of great concern to employers. Many employers want to find that staffs that are self-motivated to work andvalue the quality of their output. With such employees on the payroll, management needs to introduce motivational factors and the employees will produce exemplary work. Workers shall be motivated if they can foresee the reward system as long term, and if they feel that as much as the employer is benefitting, the reward scheme is fairly rewarding their input (Kimball & Nick, 2006). This paper shall look at factors that motivate employees to work hard,...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

How Coca-Cola Motivate Its Employees

...of operating structure, as well as changes in leadership compositions [The132]. Other ventures in acquiring beverage companies were also noted; in conjunction with venturing “into unfamiliar territories, hoping for potential future growth” [Tea15]. How does the organization motivate its employees? The Coca-Cola Company has reported providing its employees with a comprehensive benefits package which includes the following: health and welfare, protection for the unexpected, workplace incentives, adoption assistance and quality-of-life benefits, and finally, financial rewards [The154]. Under the health and welfare benefits, the official website of the organization stipulated that the...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Methods to Motivate Employees to Improve Behavior

..., traumatized and demoralized. So, counseling would help in restoring their confidence, encouraging them to be strong and understand the situation fearlessly (Hackman & Oldham, 2011). This would, in the long run, motivate these workers to continue serving the company for the remaining days. The other strategy that might be used to handle the situation is the provision of training services to the employees. Although they would soon be laid off, these clerks need to be equipped with skills on how they can use the new software and effectively adapt to the introduced changes. If professionally done, training would make these employees to feel recognized as...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Strategies to Motivate Employees in an Organisation

...Research Brief Purpose of the Brief in Relation to Assignment 2 Based on the previous study, this research brief serves to bridge and extend the investigation of the best possible strategies that can be used to motivate employees in an organisation. It primary purpose is to connect the past research on this topic with the future anticipation in a more comprehensive but summarised manner that give consummate details about this problem. This transitory report is essential in exposing the nuances of the issue about employee motivation. It links vividly the information that had extracted in the previous research with the current procedure thereby giving a...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

How Google motivate their employees

...for employees is self-actualization. The researcher provides a pictorial representation of the needs from the lowest to the highest. He argues that there is need to satisfy lower needs before moving to higher needs. The first need to be satisfied is basic needs. Employees need to satisfy this need before heading to satisfying social needs (Michaelson, 2005). Such groups of employees need to be near their families. The next needs progression to eventual satisfaction of self-actualization. Herzberg advances Maslow theory using the two-factor theory. According to the researcher it became apparent than one understands aspects that motivate...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Reinforcement Stragegies Used To Motivate Employees for FREE!

Contact Us