Memory and its Classification - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This essay explores the memory as an organism's capability to store, retain, and afterward retrieve information. Memory permits us to store information for subsequent retrieval. Memory is often thought of comprising of both a long-term and short-term store…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.9% of users find it useful
Memory and its Classification
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Memory and its Classification"

Download file to see previous pages The present research has identified that usually memory is classified as sensory memory, short-term memory, and long-term memory. Sensory memory matches approximately to the initial 200 - 500 milliseconds after an object is perceived. The ability to look at an object, and remember what it looked like with just an instant of observation, or memorization, is an illustration of sensory memory. With extremely brief presentations, observers often report that they appear to "see" more than they can in fact report. The earliest experiments exploring this form of sensory memory were performed by George Sperling using the "partial report paradigm." Participants were presented with a grid of 12 letters, prearranged into three rows of 4. After a short presentation, participants were then played either a high, medium or low tone, telling them which of the rows to report. Founded on these partial report experiments, Sperling was able to demonstrate that the capacity of sensory memory was around 12 items, but that it diminished very quickly (within a few hundred milliseconds). Because this form of memory diminishes so quickly, participants would see the rows, but be incapable to recall all of the items (12 in the "whole report" procedure) before they decayed. This type of memory cannot be extended via rehearsal. Some of the information in sensory memory is then transmitted to short-term memory. Short-term memory lets one recall something from more than a few seconds to as long as a minute without practice. Its capacity is also very restricted.Estimates of the capacity of short-term memory are on the order of 4-5 items, and we know that memory capacity can be amplified through a process called chunking. Short-term memory is believed to rely mostly on an auditory code for storing information and to a smaller extent a visual code. Conrad found that participants had more trouble recalling groups of words that were acoustically alike e.g. dog, fog, bog, log. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Memory and its Classification Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Memory and its Classification Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1543133-please-help-to-decidecognitive-science
(Memory and Its Classification Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Memory and Its Classification Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1543133-please-help-to-decidecognitive-science.
“Memory and Its Classification Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1543133-please-help-to-decidecognitive-science.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Memory and its Classification

Cognitive psychology. Cognitive Processes

...(Ziskin, 2010). Study summary and Conclusion Over the years, human beings have relied on various cognitive processes in their biological and social development. However, until the recent scientific discoveries on the importance of the various processes of cognition, people have always ignored the most essential cognitive processes that aid in human survival. The most essential cognitive process as expounded in the study entails identification and classification, perception and memory distortion process. Each cognitive process has a unique purpose necessary for human survival. Different scholars have undertaken various studies to examine and analyze the impact of the three main cognitive processes in...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Major Sub Classifications of Memory and How They Are Relatively Damaged, or Spared, by Different Neurological Diseases

...abilities in patients with hippocampal damage.2 Modern theories of learning typically divide memory into multiple psychological systems supported by different neural sub-states. From a psychological perspective, different systems learn different kinds of information, performing their functions for different lengths of time. From a biological perspective, memory systems are interconnected neural structures suited to particular information processing demand, either storing information or participating in its storage in other structures. Similarities between these perspectives are presumed to reflect the same phenomena at different levels of analysis, where observations from one perspective...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Memory

...Topic: External stimuli performance Approximate word count: 600. Memory can be defined as the capa of an organism to remember and recall objects, items, events, individuals, etc. Although, memory, generally, is associated with brain and nervous system of an organism; immunological memory defined as the capability of an organism's immune system to recognize a pathogen on subsequent encounters, may not have anything to do with brain or the nervous system. Human beings represent the highest point of evolution with regard to all types of memory; memory has also been demonstrated in almost all animals irrespective of whether they are vertebrate or...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

People Classification

... ification By nature, understanding and playing different roles and personas is part of my study and profession. Every day, I get to imagine whatwould be going through another person’s mind, but being that person. Having done that and switching my behavioral traits so abruptly, I was forced to ponder about the uniting line between humans. If every person is different, and thinks differently, how can their measurement of life be the same? I have come to the conclusion, that living life is a function of the mind, but an attribute of the heart. If people believe in themselves and achieve the will of the heart through the struggle of the mind, then I believe success is attained in life. It is very dynamic state, which changes every... ification...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Memory

...am always reminded of football match which my team had won with a bang. Procedural Memory This is a long term memory that is intrinsically linked with the physical competencies of the persons and is also called muscle memory. Procedural memory is associated with some definite voluntary or involuntary actions in some predefined format. In other words, with or without conscious effort, our memories are linked with some definite actions that are designed to rearrange the physical aspects of our surrounding through the movements of our body parts which is caused by the directives of the mind. Driving a bicycle or a car is a life long ability and one is...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Memory

...Retrieval from Memory or Procedural Review The study used a paradigm currently made to identify whether 10-year-old children solve simple addition problems by acquiring the answer from long-term memory or by calculation procedures. The paradigm is different from other formulations since it is not dependent upon verbal reports or reaction times especially in kids because they might change the answer. Rather, it makes use of the calculation procedures that degrade the memory traces of the people doing the operations, so that it is not easier to find out them when they have been involved in getting the answer of an addition problem through calculation instead of retrieval. The current...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Classification

...and newspapers for advertising. These are the conventional forms of marketing which companies have been successfully using over the years. Volkswagen has effectively made used of newspaper audio advertisements in emerging economies in its marketing campaigns. Another way of classifying marketing is through who finds whom. When the companies make efforts to reach their potential customers, it is called as outbound marketing. In this type, organizations make efforts to market their products even if customers are not searching for them or just don’t need them. Marketers use tools such as billboards, newsletters, banners and telephone calls to approach the customers. The opposite of outbound marketing is inbound marketing....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Classification & Division

... ification of Violence in Sports Sports are ostensibly meant to enhance human happiness and fan. In most casessports are the best alternative way of spending leisure time. In a further stretch, sports can also be used for the purpose of national integration and cohesion in warring countries or societies to quench tension among the communities and enhance peace and tranquility. There are different sporting activities ranging from athletics to rugby. All these sports have fans associated with them and will always come to cheer and give them the moral support during their performance. Sporting as always involves the question of winning, every team endeavors to triumphs over the other and that is what constitutes the essence... ification of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Efficient Data Mining Classification Technique

...that are of extreme value in all engineering and scientific areas, such as, biological, physical and bio-medical sciences. Diversified nature of escalated data along with its composite aspects and multiple autonomous sources is a major issue in data mining that leads to the need for the development of real life applications. The motivation behind this study is offered in the following paragraphs: Novel Class Detection The first issue the thesis is going to address is that of evolving data, which represents a challenge for classification. The effective and efficient methods are needed by the growing and dynamic data streams, which are considerably different from the static data mining methods. The concept...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Terminology/Classification

...Terminology ification Terminology ification NANDA is an acronym for the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association while NIC stands for the Nursing Interventions Classification. The third terminology, NOC, is an acronym for Nursing Outcomes Classification. All three terminologies and classifications are ratified by the American Nurses’ Association (Johnson, 2012). In addition, they feature in the Metathesaurus for a Unified Medical Language, which is a feature of the National Library of Medicine, as well as the CINAHL (Carpenito, 2013). These terminologies are incorporated in the Systemized Nomenclature of Medicine) SNOMED and portrayed in Health Level Seven International (HL7). These...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Memory and its Classification for FREE!

Contact Us