Nobody downloaded yet

Behaviourist approach in Psychology - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Behaviourism is a form of materialism that denies any objective significance for a mind. Its importance for psychological cure has been stark and made it one of the major bases of pharmacological therapy. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.4% of users find it useful
Behaviourist approach in Psychology
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Behaviourist approach in Psychology"

Download file to see previous pages Behaviourism is the approach to psychology that is based on the assertion that behaviour can be researched from scientific point of view without any recourse to inner mental state. This is a form of materialism that denies any objective significance for a mind. Its importance for psychological cure has been stark and made it one of the major bases of pharmacological therapy. One of the postulates of behaviourist conception is that free will is illusory, that all behaviour is defined by a set of forces comprised of environment and different genetic factors, either through reinforcement or association.
The behaviourist school of thought competed with the movement of psychoanalysis in psychology during the 20th century. Its main representatives were Ivan Pavlov, who researched classical conditioning, John B. Watson who declined introspective methods and looked for to limit psychology to experimental methods. Skinner B.F., tried to provide ethical basis to behaviourism by relating it to pragmatism.
There are different emphases within that broad approach. Some behaviourists dispute that the observance of behaviour is the most suitable way to investigate mental and psychological processes. Other scholars consider that it is the only way of examining such processes, while others still disagree that behaviour itself is the sole appropriate psychological subject, and that general psychological terms, such as belief, objectives, etc. have no referents and simply refer to behaviour. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Behaviourist approach in Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Behaviourist approach in Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1535796-behaviourist-approach-in-psychology
(Behaviourist Approach in Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Behaviourist Approach in Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1535796-behaviourist-approach-in-psychology.
“Behaviourist Approach in Psychology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1535796-behaviourist-approach-in-psychology.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Behaviourist approach in Psychology

Critically contrast the behaviourist approach to psychology with the cognitive approach. You should refer to primary sources w

...?Critically contrast the behavioral approach to psychology with the cognitive approach. The behavioral and the cognitive approaches are the basis of many psychological theories. Behaviorism was the most popular psychological perspective during the beginning of the twentieth century, first, gaining popularity in 1918 with the publication of an article by John B. Watson and enduring until cognitive psychology became popular in the late 1950s.The significance of behaviorism was diminished by the cognitive revolution. The term “cognitive psychology” came into use with the publication of the book Cognitive...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

John Watsons Approach to the Study of Psychology

...?BEHAVIORISM: JOHN WATSON’S APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGY Introduction John Broadus Watson (1878-1958) was an American psychologist who developed the school of behaviorism as the basis for learning, using pioneering experimental studies on animal behavior (Bootzin 1991). In 1913 began publishing a series of publications outlining his behaviorist approach which emphasized the role of environmental stimuli in determining behavior (Glassman & Hadad 2009). Watson stated in his characteristic assertive style, “'Give me a dozen healthy infants, well formed and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Psychoananalytic, Behaviourist, Biological and Cognitive Schools in Psychology

...?Running head: PSYCHOANANALYTIC, BEHAVIOURIST, BIOLOGICAL AND COGNITIVE Psychoananalytic, Behaviourist, Biological and Cognitive Insert Insert Grade Course Insert Tutor’s Name December 2, 2011 Psychoananalytic, Behaviourist, Biological and Cognitive Introduction Psychology is a branch of science that is concerned with the mind and behavior of human in relation to the phenomena and conditions surrounding the individual. It is often termed as the science of Mental Life (James, 2007, p.1). In trying to explain what affects the mind and behaviors of individuals, psychologists have developed different views that have translated into schools in psychology. Among the major schools in psychology are Psychoanalytic psychology, Behaviorist... the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Contribution of discursive approach in social psychology

...?Running Head: DISCURSIVE APPROACH IN PSYCHOLOGY Contribution of Discursive Approach in Social Psychology Full School Critical social psychology is defined as a term to describe a collection of approaches such as social constructionist, postmodernist, and narrative approaches to social psychology. One of the approaches includes the discursive approach, which have significant contributions to social psychology. The discursive approach has so far contributed largely to the social psychology in aspects of investigating and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Contrast the behaviourist approach in psychology with any ONE of the following: The humanistic approach, the psychoanalytic appr

...? Contrast the behaviorists approach with the cognitive approach Contrast the behaviorists approach with the cognitive approach Human behavior is acquired, therefore all behavior can be untrained, and different behaviors studied to replace the old ones. Behaviorism is primarily concerned with the noticeable and measurable features of human actions (Tennant, 1997). Therefore, when actions become undesirable, they can be destroyed or deterred. Behaviorism regards development as an endless process in which learners play a relatively passive role. It is a general approach used in a variety of settings including both scientific and educational. This paper...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Behaviourist Views on Human Behaviour

...is the following: since psychology is a science it must employ a set of scientific methods that allow observation and measurement. The main concern of behaviourists is establishing a direct association between two separate events. The perfect example of this linkage is "Pavlov's dog". John Watson (1878 - 1958) is considered to first formulate the principle of behaviourism in psychology (Vander Zanden, 1993). Watson's definition of this approach was precisely practical. Psychology was announced an objective field of knowledge the aim of that was to predict and control human behaviour. Introspection and self-analysis are useless if applied to...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Cognitive approach over Psychology

...1. In your opinion, what will be the dominant approach (or approaches) during the next twenty to twenty-five years in psychology For example, do you think cognitive psychology will continue to be dominant, or will it be replaced by one of the more recent approaches, such as evolutionary psychology, neuroscience, or post-modernism Or do you think there will be some integration of two or more of these approaches Defend your answer based on your readings throughout the past two semesters, our class discussions, and any other source of relevant information. Psychology was dominated by cognitive approach after overpowering behaviorism. Its practicality had made it so applicable in day to day basis dealing with significant matters... such as...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Behavioural approach to normal and abnormal psychology

...ORDER 120872 Describe the assumptions of the behavioural approach to normal and abnormal psychology. Evaluate the model in terms of its practical implications and therapeutic approaches. The behavioural approach to psychology focuses on observable behaviour rather than unobservable, mental phenomena such as feelings and thoughts. It assumes that both normal and abnormal psychology can be explained in terms of environmental factors and is therefore on the nurture side of the nature-nurture debate. Specifically, the behavioural approach assumes that all behaviour is learned or conditioned, and can be explained in terms...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Systematically and critically evaluate a major theoretical position in psychology in relation to Individual Differences and the SELF by using behaviourist approaches

...Systematic and Critical Evaluation of Behaviourist Approach in Relation to Individual Differences and the Self 0 Introduction Systematic perspectives in psychology often characterise behaviourism as the appropriate subject for psychology considering that behaviour is at the core of psychological constructs in lieu of something intellectual and/or subjective experience (Moore, cited in Thyer, 1999). By its human nature, individuals differ and are accorded with their own uniqueness in a number of ways. Most individuals, however, perceive that behaviourism is more than just a theory and a set of methods for learning. Similarly, other individuals have assumed...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Humanistic Approach in Counselling Psychology

...by ensuring their well-being. This approach can be termed as the newest, or “third force” because it was the most recently created approach after the behaviourist and psychoanalytic approaches (Burger 2008, p.288). The correlation between the humanistic approach and counselling psychology first came into being during Epictetus’ time the first century AD. The stoic philosopher realized that people were affected largely by events and mostly because of the way they perceived of them. In short, an issue was likely to disturb one depending on their understanding of it. This definition perfectly maps onto the understanding of the humanistic...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Behaviourist approach in Psychology for FREE!

Contact Us