Students are paired for the writing task. Regular classroom setting; 25 students in class; eighty percent students are English Language Learners, predominately Hispanic, low income, at-risk students. …
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What do you think is happening in the poem, based only on reading it one time?” This will get students focused on beginning class, and will give them the opportunity to conduct an initial reading of the poem. They will have the opportunity to consider what they think the poem means based on their own prior knowledge, but without contextual information. Once context is provided later in the lesson, students will be able to compare their original thoughts on the poem with their more informed analysis. (5 minutes) 3. Presentation of New Information or Modeling: The teacher provides a brief introduction about the author, Gwendolyn Brooks including biographical information and background on the society in which the poet wrote. The teacher introduces this information by navigating through various parts of (and having students read aloud) the Norton Anthology of Poetry website as a whole class, using the projector screen (http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nap/we_real_cool_brooks.htm). The purpose of this introduction is to provide students with a context for the poem, and a basic awareness of the differences between today’s society and the time during which the poem was written. Providing information on the author exposes students to a famous author who is a minority, and knowing more about the poet gives students further context for analyzing the poem. The teacher then goes over the poem with the students, and has them share their original thoughts on the poem prior to discussing how their ideas have changed in groups. The teacher asks students to focus on what the pool players are doing in the poem, and what becomes of them during...
Principles of behaviorism should be part of every elementary classroom (Monchinski, 2008). Although not all activities or ideas are behaviorist in nature, it will help to incorporate behaviorism in some parts of the lesson. The reason behind this is that students in grade school are not yet mature and they need guidance in order to learn proper behavior and skills. Activating prior knowledge, providing models for activities, and giving rewards are some ways to incorporate behaviorism in the given lesson. Incorporating behaviorism into the lesson plan serves the teacher in three ways. First, by activating prior knowledge, the teacher will have the chance to check students’ understanding of the previous lesson. Likewise, by doing such, the students will feel the need to review past lessons, thus reinforcing good study habits among students. They will be inclined to think that past lessons should not be taken for granted; thus taking down notes, reviewing them, and even memorizing will help them get a better grade. Moreover, activating prior knowledge will make students see the link between the previous and the current lesson (Monchinski, 2008).
Using principles of behaviorism, the teacher also provides model for learning a new skill. In the given lesson, students will be taught directly how to work on the thesis statement and subsections of the speech. This effort could guide students to perform the task appropriately and produce the expected output. Also, telling students what to do or what is expected to happen prior to performing the activity could lead them to write the best speech. The key is to condition learners to act as expected.
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It is this focus on the adult learner, rather than the child learner, which differentiates andragogy from pedagogy, and thus defines itself within a specific set of paradigms, theories and actions, which all aim toward maximizing the learning potential of adults through effective strategies.
Behaviorism Name Institution Abstract John B. Watson established the psychological school of thought pertaining to behaviorism. Evidently, in Watson’s psychology review paper, the fundamental precincts of behaviorism were based on notion that beliefs could be changed, trained and measured.
Speaking Applications 2.2 Deliver oral responses to literature Writing 2.4 Write persuasive compositions Lesson Objective(s): Students should be able to: 1. Demonstrate comprehension by orally paraphrasing the lines of the poem 2. Provide critical analysis of the situation of the persona (i.e., reasons behind their experience) 3.
Watson saw psychology from the perspective that it was not a study of the mind or consciousness; rather it was a measure of behavior and that humans like apes and rats could have their behavior objectively studied (DeMar, 1989). Behaviorists believe that behavior can be measured irrespective of the internal mental states and the objectivity of behavior measurement suggests that only the observable behaviors should be studied as the internal states like emotions and cognitions have high subjective quality to them and bear no consideration when measuring behavior (Cherry, 2012).
According to the paper the behaviorist approach gives much more emphasis on external stimuli and assumes that much of the learned behavior is an outcome of the external factors which can be observed objectively giving little or no significance to internal stimuli. The deliberate ignoring of cognitive processes and role of biological factors in human behavior.
The theory stresses on the concept that internal psychological processes are not necessary for explanation of behaviors; rather they are influenced by the external not an internal (mind) environment. The idea of observable behavior made it easier to collect and calculate the information during the research conduction.
Each of the three psychologists has their different views on behavior. The ideas of Tolman, Watson and Skinner have effectively contributed to the views of behavior on modern day psychology. During thephase of obtaining degree on psychology, students need to learn about the theories of the three men. Watson theory was that altering behavior can create condition phobia. Skinner theory included operant conditioning.
In relation to the theory of behaviorism, students were expected to learn only basic skills such as arithmetic, reading and writing. According to behaviorism theory, learning is a permanent change is behavior that has little to
The “mentalistic” psychology often showed much difficulty to the psychologists in relation to the disorder’s diagnosis and making of predictions concerning this disorder that was frequently tested using rigorous
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