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Psychology - Scholarship Essay Example

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The paper "Psychology " describes that all factors influence our behavior as we try to act and react like the rest. We obey to act in a way that is acceptable or to eliminate negative consequences. We follow the actions of the group we are with to maintain acceptance or to not be an outcast…
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Psychology
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Download file to see previous pages Erikson's theory on lifespan suggests that there are 8 distinct stages of life. Erickson contends that each stage is separate and presents a psychological task to be accomplished. This is why we grow. We begin life as infants and resolve the issue of trust. We progress through life to resolve such things as doubt, guilt, competence, identity, intimacy, contribution, and integrity. Each new problem is a new stage of life. Erikson's model is a simplified view of looking at growth. The tasks that Erikson describes are all confronted regularly through life. The issue of trust that he prescribes to infants continues through adulthood. Children don't suddenly move from stage to stage. Life is a gradual growing process where many issues interact over a long period of time. Electricity and magnetism have been used in the past and continue to be researched. Biomedical may also involve surgery that permanently alters the brain. Psychodynamic therapies explore the underlying issues that cause a person to suffer from some mental disorder. The sessions are usually long and drawn out over a period of time. Where psychodynamic explores a negative event in the past, humanistic focus on positive actions in the present and in the future. It is a behavioral modification process that emphasizes human potential and sessions are generally shorter in duration. Behavior therapies contend that inappropriate behavior and reactions are the problems. By understanding the irrational behavior, it can be eliminated....
These are the fibers that pass the signal to other neurons, muscles, or glands.
The myelin sheath is a fatty tissue layer that insulates the axon. It speeds up the rate of the impulses traveling in the axon.
The electrical impulses that originate in the neurons are called action potentials. They are generated by positively charged atoms traveling in and out of the axon.
The synapse is the junction between the axon and the dendrite. The small gap, known as the synaptic gap, is responsible for triggering a chemical messenger.
The chemical messengers are known as neurotransmitters. These neurotransmitters cross the synaptic gap for a brief time. The neurotransmitters are a variety of chemicals such as acetylcholine, serotonin, dopamine, and glutamate.
The neurons and the associated components, connect together to form the central nervous system. It has its own communication system known as interneurons. These are the class of neurons that communicate with the brain by sending information from the sensory neurons.
Sensory neurons send information from the body's tissues and sensory organs. This information is sent to the brain and spinal cord for processing.
Motor neurons carry the information required for the brain to communicate with the muscles and glands.
3. Define and describe the following psychological processes.
Classical Conditioning is a phenomena that explains our automatic response to a given stimulus. The work of Pavlov and Watson described the behavioral modification that takes place when a conditioned response is the result of a conditioned stimuli.
Operant Conditioning is similar to Classical in that they are both conditioned responses. However, operant conditioning is a conscious response to the threat of punishment or the promise of a reward. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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