Personality and Socialization - Essay Example

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An author of the present essay seeks to discuss the concept of a personality from a psychological perspective. Furthermore, the essay will explore the theories that explain the origins and makeup of personality. Finally, the essay discusses the role of personality in adaptation to certain jobs…
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Download file to see previous pages Personality traditionally refers to how people influence others through their external appearances and actions. But for psychologists, personality includes: (i) Eternal appearances and behavior (ii) the inner awareness of self as a permanent organizing force, and (iii) the particular organization of measurable traits, both inner and outer. Personality is an individual difference that lends consistency to a person's behavior. Personality is defined as a relatively stable set of characteristics that influence an individual's behavior. As we think that personality as the sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others. This is more often described in terms of measurable personality traits that a person exhibits. Personality may be hard to define but we know it when, we see it. He all makes personality judgments about the people we know. A major part of coming to understand ourselves is developing a sense of what our personality characteristics are. We even form impressions about the personalities of people we do not know but have only read about. Some might refer to someone as real personalities, meaning that they are unusual people. Others might use the term personality or to compliment or insult someone, as in "She has lots of [or absolutely no] personality. As we shall see, these everyday uses of the term are quite different from the meaning psychologists give to the term 'personality'. Though psychologists and social scientists unanimously agree to the importance of personality they are unable to come up with a unanimous definition. When psychologists define 'Personality' they tend to refer to qualities within a person, characteristics of a person's behavior or both. In a famous definition, Psychologist Gordon Allport (1937) mentioned both, inner qualities and behavior but he emphasized the inner qualities. He defined personality, as "Personality is the dynamic organization within the individual of those psychophysical systems that determine his unique adjustments to his environment" (P. 48.). In a more recent definition psychologist Walter Mischel (1976) mentioned both inner processes and behavior but emphasized behavior. Personality, he wrote consists of "the distinctive patterns of behavior (including thoughts and definitions) that characterizes each individual's adaptation to the situations of his or her life" (P., 2.). No single definition of personality is acceptable to all psychologists. However, most agree that personality includes the behavior patterns a person shows across situations or the psychological characteristics of the person that leads to those behavior patterns. The complexity of the concept of personality as such leads to different ways of a study of the subjects. Some have developed broad theories to explain the origins and makeup of personality. Others have focused only on one or two issues such as the influence of heredity on personality. The first approach, theory construction, was popular for many years. As a result, we have many broad personality theories.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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