Nobody downloaded yet

Third force movement. Leading psychologists in third-force psychology development - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
According to Grogan (2008), Third force or humanistic psychology is based on the study of the whole person and studies people as individuals. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
Third force movement. Leading psychologists in third-force psychology development
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Third force movement. Leading psychologists in third-force psychology development"

Download file to see previous pages There was a strong desire to develop an approach that considered the individual as a whole and internal self through a measurable and structured design that emphasises the individual values and experiences (Nicholas, 2008). Third force opposes behaviouristic and psychoanalysis approach to study of psychology. Bernstein (2011) asserts that psychoanalysis studies the unconscious motivations that influence human behaviour while behaviourist psychology focuses on observable behaviours that occur through either classical conditioning or operant conditioning. The early approaches to psychology failed to account for the free will, moods, feelings and conscious learning that occur in human beings. This field of psychology gained prominence in the 1970s and 1980s and offered expanded horizons on the study of human behaviour and more effective methods in practice of psychotherapy (Nicholas, 2008). Humanistic psychology offers new set of values for approaching human nature and human conditions that influence interactions in the society. Some basic characteristics of humanism include the non-mechanistic view of human beings, the rejection of determinism, acceptance of conscious human behaviour and holistic adaptive status of human behavioural actions (Bernstein, 2011). Humanistic psychology is geared at attaining self-actualisation, development of meaningful relationships, attainment of self-awareness and acceptance of inner feelings of an individual. The approach can be termed as a ‘common-sense psychology’ that fosters creativity, advancement of ideal self and achievement of person’s goals (Kalat, 2011). By the mid-20th century, only behaviorism and psychoanalysis approaches remained influential since movements like structuralism and functionalism has lost their distinctiveness. Psychoanalysis and behaviourism approaches had some shortcomings that led a group of psychologists like Abraham Maslow and others to start the third-force psychology that combines philosophy of existentialism and romanticism (Bernstein, 2011). Humanism recognises the value of human beings and their potential since it emphasises the belief of wholeness and free will. Third-force psychology is based on the assumptions that human being cannot be reduced to components and supersede the sum of their parts and they exist in a uniquely human context as well in cosmic (Rowan, 1998).). Human beings are self-aware in the context of other people and make conscious choices. Accordingly, human beings are capable of making intentional aims, goals and seeking value. This approach to psychology appreciates individual’s potential and importance of personal growth that leads to self-actualisation (Rowan, 1998). For instance, Abraham Maslow advanced the idea of hierarchy of needs in 1943 in his motivation theory while Carl Rogers published the client-centered therapy in 1951 that takes care of the unique needs of the client (Kalat, 2011). Humanistic psychology entails several approaches of counseling such as hierarchy of needs of Abraham Maslow and existential psychology developed by Rollo May. Rollo May acknowledged the need of human choice while Carl Rogers developed the person-centered therapy approach that considers the client’s need for self-development and self-direction (Bernstein, 2011). One of the core strengths of humanistic psychology is its appreciation of role of individuals I controlling their conscience and credits the environment for its influences on internal desires and thoughts of human beings (Kalat, 2011)). The psychology is applicable in several fields of study such as healthcare, education and therapy thus making ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Third force movement. Leading psychologists in third-force psychology Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1493827-what-is-the-third-force-where-when-and-why-did-it
(Third Force Movement. Leading Psychologists in Third-Force Psychology Essay)
https://studentshare.org/psychology/1493827-what-is-the-third-force-where-when-and-why-did-it.
“Third Force Movement. Leading Psychologists in Third-Force Psychology Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1493827-what-is-the-third-force-where-when-and-why-did-it.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Third World Development Strategies
...?Third World Development Strategies Introduction The current ification of global economies into developed and developed countries fails to be holistic since it does not indicate the actual state of such economies. Most countries in the Middle East and south East Asia are classified as developing economies despite having GDPs that greatly exceed those of European countries that are considered developed countries. According to Mankiw (2011), GDP is not an absolute measure of a country’s economic well-being. This argument perfectly fits the economies of Saudi Arabia and other economies such as Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, Kuwait, South Korea, and Vietnam. Saudi Arabia is the largest oil based economy in the world and it has... . The...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper
Humanistic psychology
...elements and applications. Body Humanistic psychology is a “movement in psychology supporting the belief that humans, as individuals, are unique beings and should be recognized and treated as such by psychologists and psychiatrists” (Britannica Encyclopedia, 2012). It is often considered as a third force in psychology, very much different from the other known approaches to psychology – that of psychoanalysis and behaviorism. This school of psychology highlights a holistic approach to human existence and emphasizes creativity and human potential. This approach is popular in North America,...
13 Pages(3250 words)Term Paper
Third Cinema-
...surrounding politics and society. Through the movies, there is a creation of boundaries of what it means to belong in a third world country and the social and political divisions which have arisen in response to this. Theory of Third Cinema The concept of third cinema is based on the social and political problems that are apparent in third world countries. These issues are defined as being separate from first world countries and hold several layers of what it means to belong to a third world country. The language that is developed to represent this shows a development and understanding of the practices and political and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Leading virtual teams in today's work force
...aspect holding them together and is defined in various steps of action, individual tasks and common goals. This paper will discuss the evolution of virtual teams, the technology used for their successful operation, how to lead them effectively and opinions on why having them is agreeable. Implementing team collaboration in a virtual working space has an assortment of unique challenges (Konetes & Wiggins, 2009). However, apart from the telephone, there are various technological advances available to fulfill this goal. With an array of communication tools, the internet serves as the most suitable medium (Konetes & Wiggins, 2009). Below is a description of a few of them. Google docs It provides free online management of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Third paper
...and bow, baby? … Shall I go down and bow, baby? I shall go down and bow, baby I am down and bowing baby Oh baby baby make you stay Baby ah baby oh baby I’m done! In this case, the song is conclusive and the climax is reached when the instruments adopt the rhythm of the song in a unified manner. At the same time, the speaker is able to express his last passions and emotions for his girlfriend who has accepted his request. This song has a regular sound considering its regular rhythm. Being a romantic blues song, it will require soft beats and a mix of melodies. Therefore, the studio producing the song must refine and produce a soft symphony for the song at the start and at the end. The singer or the lead vocalist must be a...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Third assignment
...to portray the importance of affect of hunger in determining the wellbeing of human beings in the society as people understand the background behind the driving force behind certain behaviors among the infants and in adults. In conclusion we can understand that a want or an urge to get emotional expression of affection is a universal trait that exists in any living human and even in primates. Therefore affect of hunger is rich in human culture, requirement in biology and at the same time is a connection among human beings. it thus enhances cooperation and empathy that make development a success in society. Acknowledgement is unto hunger affect for its significance in culture development...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Third Movement
...in arrangement with the first subject in the development section. In real sense the basis of the first movement are contained within two thematic kernels. The second movement that presents the major group in the B flat and the trio as a subordinate grouping of G flat major. The scherzo takes its rhythmic energy from Beethoven. In the mid section it is not a tradition Beethoven trio but instead it's a gentle lullaby in the relative major that is enclosed within an aggressive dance. The repetition of the octaves and chords in the scherzo is an explosive rhythmic and dynamic power place so that it creates a furious insistence . The third movement, marked...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Third assignment
...The Economy and Wall Street The republicans and democrats have taken different sides on matters to do with the country’s economy. The two political factions suggest that Wall Street is to blame for the recent financial collapse experienced in the country and the financial fraud that consumers in the country experience. To help prevent these occurrences caused by Wall Street, the Democrats have come up with a bill that intends to give the government powers to control the Wall Street. According to the Republicans, the bill will force Wall Street take more financial risk as the banks will have future taxpayer bailout guarantee in case a financial crisis caused by reckless decisions occur. They argue that the bill would...
3 Pages(750 words)Admission/Application Essay
Third assignment
.... This however has impacted on the lowly skilled workers and fresh graduates from collages and universities. The end result is a scenario where individuals with little or no experience who could have accepted low wages end up missing on employment opportunities. If such a trend continues, many regions will have increased unemployment. Lack of employment will further lead to socio economic problems like homelessness and crimes. Effect on individuals Individual employees are the direct beneficiaries of minimum wages. Minimum wages benefit the unskilled employees by boosting their income. The skilled workers also experience this benefit. As the wage for the unskilled is raised, the wages of other skilled employees are also...
2 Pages(500 words)Admission/Application Essay
Third Assignment
...Teacher Journal Opinion Article A recent article in the Wall Street Journal revealed that after years of failed attempts, GEis getting out of the banking business. In my opinion, this is long overdue and other businesses of this nature should consider following suit. Having just gone through one of the most severe and prolonged economic downturns since the Great Depression, the problem was compounded by the reality that the federal government was forced to bail out many large financial institutions, as to allow them to fail was not seen as a viable option and one that would have proven disastrous for the country as a whole. These were purely financial institutions, and they had a difficult time staying afloat due...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Third force movement. Leading psychologists in third-force psychology development for FREE!
Contact Us