Crime and Offending Behaviour – Criminology Viewpoint Subject: Professor: May 2, 2013 Crime and Offending Behaviour – Criminology Viewpoint Introduction Criminology concepts can resolve crime and offending behavior. The research delves on the criminology concepts of crime and offending behaviour…
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The question focuses on the reasons why some individuals engage in criminal acts. The question also centers on the reasons why some individuals fall easy prey to criminal elements. The same question ventures into the United Kingdom’s crime prevention priorities. The question includes the nation’s focus on the rehabilitation of the convicted felons. Three Issues The state can reduce the crime statistics by focusing on three issues. The first issue is the determination of the causes of crimes. The second issue scrutinizes the nation’s crime rates. The third issue is the state’s responsibility to rehabilitate the incarcerated criminals. The three issues will significantly lessen the crime statistics. First Issue For the first issue, criminology offers its own concepts on the causes and other areas of crime and offending behavior. One of the criminology concepts of crime states that economic reasons can trigger the next crime incident. British Criminologists Paul Walton and Jock Young reiterated that society is the major factor that triggers the onset of crimes (as cited in Donnermeyer, 2008). People who do not have money are forced to rob stores, banks, individuals. With the criminals’ illegal acquisition of stolen money, the felons can buy food, cars, homes, and other objects. Money often forces people to kill, maim, or kidnap hapless victims. Money gives the criminals a sense of self-sufficiency (Engdahl, 2008). Further, Gloria Lavcok (2009) emphasized that three elements must crop up for a crime to prosper. One element is the willing or defenseless victim. A strong person can easily overpower a weak offender, preventing the crime from occurring. The second element is the motivated criminal. Without the criminal, the crime will not crop up. The third element is the opportunity or absence of security measures. Without the opportunity, a criminal act will not occur. One security measure that will discourage the motivated offenders from raping the teenager is the girl’s guardian nearby, who will protect the targeted child. Furthermore, another criminology concept of crime states that opportunity increases crime occurrences. With the advent of the internet, cybercrimes rates started to increase. Cybercrimes include the hacking of the online victims’ credit card information and other personal information. Crimes often crop up when security is lax or absent. Leaving the victims’ keys inside an open car to buy a cigar across the street entices criminals to car nap the motor vehicle. Leaving the customers’ wallet on the restaurant table will persuade the thieves to snatch the unwatched wallet. Rapes are reduced when a lady is accompanied by several male relatives (Farrell, 2010). Second Issue For the second issue, the state must punish convicted felons. The state can impose minor fines on convicted criminals. For second or additional repeated offenses, the state can impose stiffer fines. For persistent violators, the state can incarcerate the offenders (Farrell, 2010). For major crimes, the state can impose significant fines. For certain major crimes, the state can incarcerate the offenders for a few years. For capital crimes, the state can impose lifetime imprisonment. Different types of crime call for different rehabilitation types (Stummvoll, 2009). Of similar importance, the state must educate the public on how to avoid being victimized. The state can inform the citizens to avoid certain
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“Crime and Offending Behaviour and How Criminological Theory Helps to Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1476854-crime-and-offending-behaviour-and-how.
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