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Running head: Psychology Psychology Name Lecturer Date Discuss the effect the Renaissance had on psychology. The word Renaissance was first discovered by scholars to represent the art of change and later the word was slowly made into a reality (Clay, 2002)…
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Download file to see previous pages Renaissance mostly of the 14th and 15th century occurred as a result of a compartmentalized society. Factors such as urbanization, increasing in trading zones and a swelling up population were some of the factors that led to its start. Renaissance individuals look at the classical times and assume that the olden days were bathed in sunlight. The economic changes have also been influenced by the Renaissance as observed by Clay (2002). Most individuals attracted to the ancient literature surprisingly had a background to which they could associate the ancient pieces with. The connection is associated with the Renaissance conscience. Perfection underlies the Renaissance aristocratic because it painted the true picture and raises questions on certain issues. The whole idea is to influence people’s curiosity and have those asking questions even in areas such as religion where people fear to question their leadership. Over time people have been fed that it is not right to question religion because that would be like questioning the creator. The effect of Renaissance for example tried in the 14th century tried to Christianize humanity (Clay, 2002). The Renaissance tried to rediscover the new meaning of mankind. It assisted mankind protest over organized religion, culture and other ancient regiments. This was more of a movement force that convinced the people to shift their beliefs and values and seek outside assistance. Explain how Thorndike ruled out the idea that cats could learn to escape through reasoning and imitation. Our knowledge of the sense-power of animals equals that of their mental cycle, hence the experience built up by the reactions or instincts. A sound such as ‘kitty kitty’ is associated by a kitten as availability of some good milk to drink. This may fail to explain what real mental content is or may serve as a rebuke to the few, as much as it may show some level of common sense, and still not explain the real mental content. The pioneer of educational research, Edward L Tthorndike was a lexicographer and educator. Based on his experiments and statistical investigations, Edward’s three volume book ‘educational psychology’ served as a guide on his work (Lorge, 1949). Despite his simple approach, he was awarded with two research methods needed in modern psychological evaluations of animal conduct: Animal Intelligence, which was the maze and problem box, was created for its present learning (Lorge, 1949). Thorndike was a strict Darwinist who believed animal conduct was a guide to human psychology. In his Harvard studies he replaced human with chickens as subjects. Compared to the tiny psychology that was there in the 1980s, a small size of animal intelligence is a form of the received report and uncontrolled observation that was there in the 1890s.Thorndike observed that, bad methods lead to fazed data and unwarranted interpretations. A higher level of intelligence given to animals by scientists was the most serious error. Thorndike’s research with animals such as, fish, monkeys, cats and dogs, showed him that the learning process did not lie on some form of reasoning or imitation, rather it requires the animal to make more or less random responses, and there should be presence of some situation or stimulus, as such the most accommodative and the right answer is made, for example, reaching for food or hitting a lever to escape a box (Lorge, 1949). An appropriate response creates a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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