Discuss the evidence from research into the development of infants' visual perception during the first year of life - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Discuss the evidence from research into the development of infants’ visual perception during the first year of life. Outline Human development is a fascinating area of study. Among other things, it helps understand how a child learns to use complex behaviours in an almost unconscious manner…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
Discuss the evidence from research into the development of infants visual perception during the first year of life
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Discuss the evidence from research into the development of infants' visual perception during the first year of life"

Download file to see previous pages Since small children are unable to provide feedback the way adult participants in research studies do; there is all the more reason to be careful with the collection and analysis of this information. Traditional methods of conducting studies and data collection cannot be used with infants. Thus, researchers have to be innovative as well as careful in collecting and analysing the data on infants. This essay shall discuss the methods used by researcher, some of the concerns associated with these studies as well as the importance of their findings. Introduction Infants experience significant and rapid development in almost all physiological and psychological aspects in the first few months of their lives (Slater & Oates, 2005). Among the areas that see the most rapid changes is an infant’s visual perception. New-born infants are able to perceive depth, shape and the most basic features of an object (Bukatko & Daehler, 2011). They seem able to discriminate between different objects, and show a preference for new stimuli (Slater & Oates, 2005). A significant concern faced by researchers studying very young children is that they are unable to interact with their participants as they could with adults or older children. Although researcher try to base their conclusions on empirical data as much as possible, it can sometimes be difficult to verify a theory conclusively. Thus, it is often difficult to establish whether a response (or the lack of one) is associated with a genuine phenomenon, or is an artefact of the child’s yet underdeveloped visual, motor and cognitive systems (Bukatko & Daehler, 2011). In an attempt to reduce the effects of these factors, researchers have tried to simplify the means by which they collect data from infants. Typically, data on visual perception is collected by measuring the time a child attends to a particular stimulus (Slater & Oates, 2005). This time maybe calculated mechanically, or more recently, using computers and other technology to aid accuracy. Brain imaging has also been used (albeit sparingly) to understand the development of the brain structures associated with visual perception (Bukatko & Daehler, 2011). As far as possible, researchers try to reduce chances of error due to their own expectations, the child’s limitations or other situational factors. Over time, these studies have tried to expose infants to different types of material, and have tried to identify why children attend to the material that they do. While some old theories have been upheld by new data, others have been modified and even rejected based on fresh data. Significant studies in understanding infants’ visual perception One of the seminal studies in understanding visual perception in infants was conducted by Robert Fantz in 1963. In this study, 18 infants who were just a few days old were shown different stimuli. The researcher measured the amount of time they fixated on each of the stimuli, and the preference shown for each stimulus. Each child was shown six cards, three with bright colours (red, white and fluorescent yellow) and three with patterns in black and white (concentric circles, newsprint and a schematic face pattern). Since infants are unable to respond to instructions or indicate their preference verbally, the researcher chose to place the child in a crib, and present the stimuli at a ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Discuss the evidence from research into the development of infants' Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/psychology/1468949-discuss-the-evidence-from-research-into-the
(Discuss the Evidence from Research into the Development of infants' Essay)
“Discuss the Evidence from Research into the Development of infants' Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/psychology/1468949-discuss-the-evidence-from-research-into-the.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Discuss the evidence from research into the development of infants' visual perception during the first year of life

Perception of mathematics of first year students

...and preserved for the bright and interested students. These negative perceptions make most first year students, in most cases girls approach the subject with a negative attitude, and this undermines their performance. The study of mathematics in schools has not been distinctively defined, and it is not a culture or value free field (Ernest, 2000). This means that mathematics in schools is not viewed as being the same as mathematics in other academic fields or research areas. Appreciating mathematics among first year students is usually expressed in their ability of comprehending the major branches and notions of mathematics. It is also...
3 Pages(750 words)Literature review

Development Processes in Infants

...? Development Processes in Infants Development Processes in Infants In her book The Developing Person through the Lifespan, Berger describes the main changes that take place in an individual’s life, especially during infancy. Each of the chapters in the book reveals the growth processes in different aspects. This paper will highlight the man ideas brought out in chapters 5, 6, and 7. These chapters discuss the different levels of growth that occur in infants in the first two years of their life. Infant is a Latin-derived...
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study

Development of an Infants Vision

...constituents leading to brighter brains and healthier bodies, it's also considered valuable to the infants' overall vision. According to researchers at Memorial University in St. John's, Newfoundland, infants who receive iron supplements during the firstyear of their life have on an average (Clubmom, 2006), higher levels of visual acuity and motor function compared to infants who don't. The presence of DHA may be one of the main reasons for this phenomenon. DHA is one of the prime structural components for ...
32 Pages(8000 words)Coursework

Visual Perception

...). In the myopic eye, the point forms before the fovea centralis of the retina, and therefore, distant objects seem blurry. From a pathophysiological viewpoint, myopia is usually caused because of an elongated eyeball, but it can result from a too much refractive power in the lens system of the eye. There are two types of myopia, benign and malignant. Benign myopia usually occurs around puberty and it is usually stabilized by the end of 25 years of age, but malignant myopia occurs in early childhood, during which slow but steady elongation of the sclera occurs. This elongation occurs in the back of the eye, while the frontal part does not change, and this can lead to a serious elongation of the internal...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Deaf infants and development

...of the hearing defect – deafness and diminished hearing. It is possible to define the category of the defect with the help of speech perception. Speech always reflects the development of every human. (The Care of Infants and Young Children) There are the following correlations: The age if hearing loss The speech breach 1,5 – 2 years old Children lose the sprout of speech during 2 – 3 months and become dumb 2 – 5 years old Speech exists for several months until 1 year old and then only a couple of words remain 5 – 6 years old In some cases speech disappears completely 7 – 11 years...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Visual Perception (Psycology 101)

...or the general mood of a person. Also cravings and desires have a direct effect on the visual perception which allows for pictures to be formed on the visual side of the mind. All said and done, the basic proposition that comes under this discussion is that of understanding the images which have been formed and relating the same with what the mind wants to and can analyze in the proper context of sequences thus formed. Visual perception is still a researched phenomenon and it will take years before serious work is done to find out its exact basis, one that will shake the nerves present in the mind....
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Engaging First-Year Writers through Visual Media

...of a film cannot be portrayed by any teacher, as mentioned by Hill(1999, p2). More specifically with regard to perpetuate connection of films and academic writing, research carried by Kasper (2002) illustrates how screening can accentuate the writing skills. During her study she made students visualize the course material from 3 different courses- Linguistic, environmental science and anthropology. Students were subjected to Secret of the wild Child (a documentary based on child deprived of linguistic exposure); Savage Earth: The Restless Planet (Documentary about Earthquakes) and inherit the wind (Film about the scopes of Monkey Trial). By watching films, students are facilitated in...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Early Child Development: First Year

...Early Child Development: First Year # 1Physical Changes for a Baby in the First Year Early childhood is characteristically rich in rapid physical changes as the child moves from infancy through early childhood; the infant builds more physical skills and refines the present capabilities. The milestones can be classified into three categories; motor development, language development, and social/emotional development. Children attain milestones in the manner in which they play, learn, speak, act, and move (crawling, walking, and jumping). Physical growth within the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Reflection on Visual Perception

...not have to be conscious (Lamme, 2000). In the search of the role of the visual cortex in visual awareness, data taken from visual cortex (v1) recordings of monkeys show two types of visual awareness (Lamme, 2000). First data shows that visual awareness in monkeys that are awake is guided by a set of neurons. This means that the visual cortex does little in providing visual awareness. The second data shows the visual cortex does not relay the images upon perception but that visual awareness comes as a result of a horizontal flow of neurons. This means...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Review and critique of Is face processing species-specific during the first year of life

...to the species-specific environment must have begun at one time. Oliver Pascalis, Michelle de Haan and Charles A. Nelson have studied the subject. Specifically they were focused on human ability to process faces. Review: hypotheses and methods Previously it was found that after 6-10-month from the birth human infants begin to narrow a sound perception. They determine the syllabic system and phonetics of native language among variety of other foreign languages and other sounds and therefore discriminate foreign speech. Then, during the first two years of life infants learn to talk native language (“Developmental...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Discuss the evidence from research into the development of infants' visual perception during the first year of life for FREE!

Contact Us