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Understanding Autism Name: Contents Introduction 3 Autism in Context: Central Coherence Theory and Theory of Mind 3 Diagnosis 5 Treatment 6 Conclusion 9 References 10 Understanding Autism Introduction A normal child is understood to be one who acquires all aspects of life from the word go…
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Download file to see previous pages... To study a typical autistic child, there are two cognitive theories that ought to be understood (Bogdashina, 2005). The theories are: central coherence theory and theory of mind. Autism in Context: Central Coherence Theory and Theory of Mind Since rising to popularity in the past years, cognitive model has helped in the considerable understanding of autism. The autism condition is not only characterized by deficits in social behavior but also deficit in the cognitive control. Most of the autistic children are impaired in at least one cognitive function. Social symptoms and Cognitive symptoms may sometimes overlap or have a relation (Mitchell, 1992). Some researches have suggested that the autism condition is a combination of several cognitive disorders (Richardson, 2012). The central coherence theory of autism asserts that the symptoms observed in the autism condition are as a result of a cognition style called “weak central coherence.” This is a limited ability to grasp or understand contexts within which events happen. As a result autistic individuals view or take things literally, like not being understanding with regard to sarcasm or metaphors (Smith-Michaels, 2008). Computational models use the weak central coherence principles to account for poor context processing and poor generalization observed in the autism condition. ...
According to Bogdashina (2005) the Theory of mind is about the inference of what the other people are thinking, such that one can predict other people’s behavior. It was initially proposed that individuals with autism condition do not possess this social cognition trait. It is not possible for them to tell what the other people are thinking, that is the reason they fail to respond to voice tones or facial expressions. The absence of the theory of mind accounts for the main component of autism condition. This explains a few social observable deficiencies in autism which include low social eye contact levels. Such absence of a theory of mind is consistently found in autism and it is said to be vital in causing the disorder (Smith-Michaels, 2008). In contrast, other people argue that Theory of mind does not contribute to the observed deficits. In autism, the theory of mind is useful in the explanation of the communication and social deficits. However, it does not account for the other symptoms which include restriction of interests and repetitive behaviors. Furthermore, there is proof that the absence of a theory of mind does not explain the entire deficit in social behavior. Research has shown that theory of mind can be improved by training but social skills do not. Thus, theory of mind may be an important factor in autism cognitive aspects, but it is not likely to be responsible for the various symptoms which are associated with autism disorder (Richardson, 2012). Diagnosis Smith-Michaels (2008) believes that Autism is a condition that can easily be diagnosed. It should be noted that there is no medical test that can diagnose autism. Diagnosis involves the specially trained physicians and psychologists, who normally administer behavioral ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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