Nobody downloaded yet

Freud and Skinner - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Freud and Skinner Abstract Psychologists who deal with personalities are often faced with several questions like what factors influence the changing patterns of behavior and what differentiates one individual with the other. There are also other areas of doubt like the role of intuition and subject experience on human mind, differences in personalities between individuals, common needs and emotions of humans, and how people are motivated to behave in a particular manner…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.6% of users find it useful
Freud and Skinner
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Freud and Skinner"

Download file to see previous pages This does not conclude that such explanations are false but they are always akin to speculations since it is never possible to know the accuracy of human behavior. B.F. Skinner was a twentieth century American psychologist, behaviorist and social philosopher. He talked about Radical behaviorism which is a philosophy of behavioral pattern. He believed that behaviour is in general casual and is affected by circumstantial events. His perception of behavior has influenced other scientists to study on social behavior and contingencies. Freud was an Austrian neurologist and is an important name in the world of psychology. He believed that human behavior is influenced mostly by the unconscious mind. His theory is in direct contrast to Skinner as the latter has taken a more scientific approach. Skinner did not consider a person’s consciousness as valid data while Freud has mainly focused on the unconscious mind. This paper will attempt to compare and contrast Freud and Skinner's approaches to understanding behavior. Skinner’s theory of behavior Skinner believed that human behavior is completely influenced by external factors and genetic influences. He did not believe in free will and regarded it as a myth. His behavioral theory was based on response to circumstances and their consequences. He gave a more formal shape to this type of learning and he called it operant conditioning. Skinner was both popular and controversial psychologist among his peers. His most controversial theory was radical behaviorism, which explains that “behavior, whether animal or human, is completely determined by environmental and genetic influences” (Nevid, 2012, p.191). Skinner firmly believed that behavior must be measured and identified based on observational processes. The mind of a person which consists of thoughts and feelings cannot be observed as it is abstract, so it must not be considered while making scientific judgement of human behavior. Skinner’s perception of mind was that it is like a “black box” that cannot be comprehended with scientific methods. Skinner also said that some responses occur as reflex actions, but his concept of classical conditioning describes that “new stimuli can elicit existing behaviors, such as salivation” (Nevid, 2012, p.192). It cannot extract any new behavior. He, however, does not advocate the idea that behaviour is influenced by consequences because they generate “satisfying effects”. His theory of operant conditioning explains that “organisms learn responses that operate on the environment to produce consequences” (Nevid, 2012, p.192). Under this theory, the behaviour occurs in response to a consequence, and the presence or absence of the consequence alters the tendency of the organisms to repeat the behavior in the future. For instance, if a rat is placed in a special cage where there is a bar on the wall which if pressed will release food pellets in the cage, then the rat will continuously bounce around and press the bar to pile up his food. Thus the behavior of the rat will remain constant as long as same behavior (release of food pellets) is followed by his action. But if no more food pellets are given, then the rat will ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
Sigmund Freud: Dreams
The paper gives detailed information about single elements that are joined to make sense in the dream. Freud has explained factors that have been disturbing individuals in their dream. Freud ought to have incorporated methodologies that are used by psychologist currently; this would have cleared doubts in his work.
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
Compare and contrast Freuds and Piagets development models
Name: Instructor’s Name: Course: Date: 1. Compare and contrast Freud’s and Piaget’s development models. Are there important developments that seem to happen at about the same age, for each author? Explain how each model explains such events/stages. Can the models’ explanations be reconciled, or do they contradict each other?
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper
Psychological Perspectives of Behavior
Though there were marked developments of psychology in the 19th century like psychoanalysis by Sigmund Freud and anthropometrics by Francis Galton, major revolutions and growth in this field were witnessed in the 20th century by studies and perspectives of John B.
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper
Socrates View on Freud's Civilization and Its Discontents
The Freudian concept of ‘civilization’ refers to a man-made entity embodying materialization of human ideals that may eventually address proper gratification of instincts as well as serve to stimulate intellectual functions in order for the ego to manage its own foundation of placing the balance between the ‘Id’ and the ‘Superego’.
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
Sigmund Freud psychosexual stages
The erogenous parts established by Freud are the mouth, anus and genital area. Freud stated that a child has to resolve the conflicts that occur at each stage to develop a normal personality. This paper briefly discusses these five psychosexual stages. Oral stage: (0-2 years) During this initial stage, Freud explains that the child focuses on what goes in its mouth, and thus gets pleasure in sucking its mother’s breasts and other things that get into his mouth such as milk and accepted food.
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper
Freud, Rogers and Horney
He was the first child born of Jacob and Amalia Freud and had two siblings. He is considered throughout the academic world as one of the most outstanding scholars in the 20th century (Reef, 2001). In 1881 he graduated with a medical degree from the University of Vienna and pursed further studies under the guidance of his mentor Jean Charcot.
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
Personality Theories
While doing so, Horney’s definition of perfectionism and its efficacy in real life is examined. The paper further intends to analyze if criteria offered by Allport while discussing normal mature adult is adequate enough or needs additions in order to
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
Thomas Edison and Nikola Tesla Personality Trait Compairison
He had his expertise in both mechanical and electrical engineering field. Moreover, he was popular as an inventor and futurist. He was famous for his efforts and contribution to the development and designing of contemporary and advanced AC or alternating current electricity
15 Pages(3750 words)Term Paper
Love's Executioner & Freud on Death
The psychotherapist explains stories of his encounters patients who possess extraordinary honesty and warmth. Yalom’s readiness to recognize ambiguity and self-doubt about his patients depicts psychotherapy as an
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Freud and Skinner for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us