Nobody downloaded yet

Freud and Skinner - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Freud and Skinner Abstract Psychologists who deal with personalities are often faced with several questions like what factors influence the changing patterns of behavior and what differentiates one individual with the other. There are also other areas of doubt like the role of intuition and subject experience on human mind, differences in personalities between individuals, common needs and emotions of humans, and how people are motivated to behave in a particular manner…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.3% of users find it useful
Freud and Skinner
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Freud and Skinner"

Download file to see previous pages This does not conclude that such explanations are false but they are always akin to speculations since it is never possible to know the accuracy of human behavior. B.F. Skinner was a twentieth century American psychologist, behaviorist and social philosopher. He talked about Radical behaviorism which is a philosophy of behavioral pattern. He believed that behaviour is in general casual and is affected by circumstantial events. His perception of behavior has influenced other scientists to study on social behavior and contingencies. Freud was an Austrian neurologist and is an important name in the world of psychology. He believed that human behavior is influenced mostly by the unconscious mind. His theory is in direct contrast to Skinner as the latter has taken a more scientific approach. Skinner did not consider a person’s consciousness as valid data while Freud has mainly focused on the unconscious mind. This paper will attempt to compare and contrast Freud and Skinner's approaches to understanding behavior. Skinner’s theory of behavior Skinner believed that human behavior is completely influenced by external factors and genetic influences. He did not believe in free will and regarded it as a myth. His behavioral theory was based on response to circumstances and their consequences. He gave a more formal shape to this type of learning and he called it operant conditioning. Skinner was both popular and controversial psychologist among his peers. His most controversial theory was radical behaviorism, which explains that “behavior, whether animal or human, is completely determined by environmental and genetic influences” (Nevid, 2012, p.191). Skinner firmly believed that behavior must be measured and identified based on observational processes. The mind of a person which consists of thoughts and feelings cannot be observed as it is abstract, so it must not be considered while making scientific judgement of human behavior. Skinner’s perception of mind was that it is like a “black box” that cannot be comprehended with scientific methods. Skinner also said that some responses occur as reflex actions, but his concept of classical conditioning describes that “new stimuli can elicit existing behaviors, such as salivation” (Nevid, 2012, p.192). It cannot extract any new behavior. He, however, does not advocate the idea that behaviour is influenced by consequences because they generate “satisfying effects”. His theory of operant conditioning explains that “organisms learn responses that operate on the environment to produce consequences” (Nevid, 2012, p.192). Under this theory, the behaviour occurs in response to a consequence, and the presence or absence of the consequence alters the tendency of the organisms to repeat the behavior in the future. For instance, if a rat is placed in a special cage where there is a bar on the wall which if pressed will release food pellets in the cage, then the rat will continuously bounce around and press the bar to pile up his food. Thus the behavior of the rat will remain constant as long as same behavior (release of food pellets) is followed by his action. But if no more food pellets are given, then the rat will ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Freud and Skinner Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


A Comparison of Skinner, Freud and Rogers

...? A Comparison of Skinners theoretical perspective to that of Freud and Rogers The first area where Skinner, Freud and Rogers differ is in their views on human nature. According to Carl Rogers, human beings are naturally wonderful and always strive to get even better. According to his theory of humanism, any one can achieve self realization if the necessary conditions exist. He states that people want to experience and feel things that are consistent with their personal image and reflects what they believe would be their ideal self. Compared to Rogers, Sigmund Freud’s theory on human nature is more pessimistic. According to him, humans are dangerous...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...? s Sigmund Freud Introduction Sigmund Freud is a standout amongst the most renowned worldwide individuals all through the history of brain science. Despite the fact that Freud was not the first individual to do research on the cognizant and unconscious mind, his work in psychoanalytical is acknowledged to be the most essential hypotheses done on the subject. In addition, Freud thought of imperative hypotheses on life and expiration natures, the resistance system, the id, inner self, superego, and psychosexual infrastructures. Freud's exploration in the aforementioned regions was a portion of the most critical speculations improved in brain research. Even...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

B.F. Skinner

...? Burrhus Frederic Skinner Burrhus Frederic Skinner Burrus Skinner was born in Susquehanna, Pennsylvania and this is the same place he grew up in. As he was attaining his education, he managed to get his BA in English in Harvard and he expected to get another one in psychology from the same institution. He met with William Crozier who worked in the psychological department this time. The two worked on the psychological development of animal, as this was the field that Crozier had already made his name in. the behavioral framework that had been set by the two was based on the behavioral measures (Thorndike, 1995). This made them to come up different theories considered on physiological and psychological concepts, which helped them... in their...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper


...I have often felt as though I had inherited all the defiance and all the passions with which our ancestors defended their Temple and could gladly sacrifice my life for one great moment in history. And at the same time I always felt so helpless and incapable of expressing these ardent passions even by a word or a poem. -Sigmund Freud, The Letters of Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud, the founder of psychoanalysis was an Austrian neurologist. Sigmund Freud advocated the thought that unconscious conflicts, which are usually related to sex or aggression, are the main motivators of the human behavior. Freud was thus the first psychologist to bring...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...Freud The of Sigmund Freud is not unfamiliar to most people in the modern world regardless of their level of education. This name has become synonymous with psychoanalysis, the science he essentially invented at the beginning of the 19th century. Sigmund Freud was a medical doctor who worked with mental patients in Vienna prior to 1959 and is considered one of the founding fathers of modern day psychology because of his development of the psychoanalytic theory. Originally trained as a neurologist, Freud’s work with his patients, frustrated by a mediocre ability to hypnotize, necessarily took on a more imaginative turn that revolutionized the way people approached the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay


..., to understand the need for civilization and its importance in qualitative measures and quantitative measures. Civilizations were established to improve modes of relationships among human beings. This was because, in the prehistoric times, an action of an individual was guided more by his instincts and wishes. Apart from that, civilization was meant to improve material prosperity of individuals. This was obtainable through improvement of science and technology, which in turn increased their economic productivity. Freud argues that the objective of such changes was due to the inherent human trait of search for happiness. The search for happiness is achieved by what he describes as utility and yields of pleasure...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


...Freud’s view on the aspects of child’s “polymorphously perverse” and sexuality According to Sigmund Freud, the term polymorphously perverse in relation to a child, is a sense and ache for sexuality on its utmost, irrespective to the genitals as a solitary option to feel erotic sensation. The existence of infantile sexual tendencies is declared to be present right after the birth. These sensations can be thus, divided into two categories; partial and autoerotic. Partial denotes to the recognition and focuses on the sexual driving organ and autoerotic sense of sexuality focuses on the subject’s body as a whole. The sense of pleasure a child attains from touching, sucking, rubbing, kissing and hugging falls...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper


...Freud Part I Watched the Video Part II Valid principles i. Pleasure principle ii. Reality principle Part IIIi. Pleasure principle In this video, ID represents pleasure principle that is evident from the character’s conduct (Malone, 2009). ID is out to satisfy bodily desires that descend from primitive mind mainly based on irrational thinking irrespective of the place he may at the moment when the cravings rise (Akhtar, ONeil & Freud, 2011). For instance, ID does not care about other peers’ feelings but insists on having his own way in satisfying body desires irrespective of the place and even time (Malone, 2009). This is evident at the beginning where he grabs an unsuspecting woman from behind intending...
1 Pages(250 words)Coursework


...Topic: ESSAY, PSYCHOLOGY-SIGMUND FREUD of the Student Topic: ESSAY, PSYCHOLOGY-SIGMUND FREUD If Sigmund Freud is to participate in the symposium on his theories, he will have to sit wearing a mask in the auditorium. Though there is plenty of room to discuss him and his theories, a number of his theories have not been able to hold up and have undergone drastic modifications. Helen Walker Puner (1992) argues “Some of his earliest conclusions, once he reached while he and Breuer were still working together, are today naive” (p.81) Current understandings in clinical observations have taken a big leap over the head of this think-tank of psychology. During...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Theorist Skinner

...development. Skinner is well known for the operant conditioning theory but his studies are not limited to this theory as he wrote widely and conducted different research and experiments in the behaviourism field that were eye openers and allowed him to be one of the most revered psychologists. Having published 21 books and 180 articles that are still influential and relevant to the field of behaviourism and psychology in general, I believe Burrhus Frederic Skinner ranks as the most influential psychologist of his time. Skinner remains the most celebrated psychologist after Sigmund Freud owing to the large impact he had on psychology and especially...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Freud and Skinner for FREE!

Contact Us