Medical Model in the Diagnosis of Mental Disorder Name School Subject Professor Date Introduction Before we go into studying the medical model in the diagnosis of a mental disorder, it is important to understand what a psychological disorder is and what are the different models of abnormal behaviour or psychological disorder?…
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This abnormal response or behaviour may not be a normal response to an external event, nor is an intentional reaction. The abnormal behaviour on the other hand is deviant away from normal, is distressing and is a maladaptive pattern. The abnormal behaviour may be a concern to self or others and would differ from normative behaviour (Kovera 2012). There are three models for accounting abnormal behaviour including the medical model, the psychological model and the socio-cultural model. The medical model accounts for physical disease being the cause for abnormal thoughts, feelings, behaviours, etc, and this may be due to a genetic cause, abnormal structure and function of the brain or due to imbalances in hormones and neurotransmitters. The focus is on the illness rather than on health, with an intention of diagnosing the condition based on the symptoms and causes, and providing a treatment to alleviate the symptoms. The psychological model places the onus on past life and current experiences as being the cause for mental illness and these may include war, abuse, social rejection, illnesses, or failures in life. The socio-cultural model takes into consideration the social and the cultural causes for the development of psychological disorders and includes cultural stressors. ...
One of the models that have been well-accepted is the medical model, as it is an evidence-based method that incorporates aspects of biology and science. However, even though the medical-module is well-established, perspective from other models including psychological and socio-cultural need to be taken into consideration (Serendip 2006). Body According to the medical model, psychological disorders are handled in the same manner as can any other physical disease that produces physical symptoms. In the medical model, symptoms are considered to be outer manifestations of inner organic disorder. A symptom-complex or a syndrome is a group of symptoms that can be noticed from a particular cause or disease-pattern and have an appropriate treatment (Leod 2008). The symptoms that occur together are classified as a syndrome, and they form the diagnostic elements of psychiatry. One difference between the medical model when used for psychological disorders and for physical disorder is that in psychiatry, a syndrome may not be associated from a single underlying cause, and often the symptoms that may be present in one disorder, may also be present in another. For example, depression may be symptoms of almost any psychiatric disorder, whereas chest pain is usually a symptom of either a cardiac or lung disorder (Serendip 2006). Medical model considers that any abnormal behaviour would be a disease. In the medical model, a cause could result in the development of a disease, and the disease would result in production of symptoms. The symptoms that develop may be alleviated by giving a drug or using a certain treatment method. However, if the treatment given is to reduce the symptom, the treatment may or may not reduce the disease, and at the same time, the treatment itself (for
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