Sleep disorders are common to many people. They have adverse effects and have different ways of treating the same. This paper is going to discuss common sleep disorders and effects of long-term sleep reduction…
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It is these two concepts of sleep that explanation and articulation of sleep disorders are based on. There are many different causes of sleep disorders ranging from change of work schedules, psychological disturbances and even medical problems. Common signs of sleep disorders include daytime sleepiness, sleepless nights, and fatigue and sleep disturbances. The eve of the Christmas day was such a horrific one. My friend and I were to cerebrate it in a special way. We were to meet at 10 pm and leave for our party destination. I prepared myself as early as 8pm ready to take off immediately after my friend arrived. Some minutes before 10 pm, I called him and he told me he grabbed a cab and that he was on the way coming. However, I waited till 10 pm, but he didn’t show up. I was a bit worried of what could have happened to him. Half past 10pm, I called his mobile number but I could not reach him, his phone was off. I got a bit nervous. I kept trying till midnight with no avail. Shortly, I saw in the news that there was a cab involved in an accident some eight kilometers from my home. My mind told me that it could be my friend. I could not do anything since it was late in the night. I decided to wait until the following morning to find out what had happened to my friend. I tried to sleep but I couldn’t. My mind was throughout preoccupied with what might have happened to my friend. I tried to sleep but I couldn’t. My mind was throughout preoccupied with what might have happened to my friend. I was anxious the whole night. Early in the morning, I woke up and headed towards the scene of the accident only to find that the casualties had been taken to hospital. As I was thinking of the next step to take, my friend called me. I was so anxious to know what had happened to him. I quickly answered the phone and asked him too many questions ranging from whether he was okay, what had happened, where he was at that time, and so on. I was astonished when he told me that he was okay and that he was sorry he couldn’t make it to my place the previous night because the cab broke down and as they were waiting for the mechanic to come and fix it, some thugs came and robbed them of all their valuables, and that’s why he didn’t call me. I was not used to less sleep and this affected me for over one week before I went back to my normal sleeping time. In my work place, I could not concentrate since I always found myself dosing. Sometimes, I fell asleep in the middle of conversation with my workmates. I realized that for the whole of that one week, I was unproductive since most of my work was incomplete. However, these entire disturbances ended on the weekend that followed when I decided to sleep enough. Effects of long-term sleep reduction It is believed that long term sleep reduction may have adverse effects of sleep loss which may slowly make the brain adapt to the amount of sleep it usually gets – even though this amount of sleep may be far from what it needs (Pinel, 2009). The worst is when there is a sudden reduction in the amount of sleep. However, naps have recuperative capacity to reduce long-term. The drugs that are used to reduce long-term sleep are known as Antihypnotic drugs. These are stimulants which act on REM sleep (Pinel, 2009). However, these drugs are sometimes risky. Most of them are highly addictive and are also accompanied with adverse side effects, with loss of appetite being the most obvious one. Sleep disorders The majority of sleep disorders fall into insomnia and hypersomnia categories. These include all disorders of
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(Cherry, 2011) mentions that stage 1 characterizes the beginning of sleep in which one drifts in and out of sleep, while the muscle activity gradually slows down. Stage 2 refers to the stage in which the eye movement altogether stops and brain waves get slower, while there may occur an occasional burst of hurried brain waves.
Even though there are differences in study scope and the areas that have been examined, sleep deprivation has been known to cause low performance at work and cause accidents (Scott et al, 2006). Good sleep is a requirement for sustaining life, and insufficient sleep has been indeed linked and associated to grave health risks and increasing the chances of accidents at the workplace, besides causing poor performance at work.
For instance, studies indicate that roughly one third of the population in India sleeps where they are standing when it is time to sleep. In Europe, a large segment of elderly people develops sleep disorders including sleep apnoea and insomnia, which are more frequent (Shapiro & Dement, 1993).
Lack of the sleep overworks the brain as the brain in the central coordination system of the body. For instance, a 16-18 year old will have a hard time remembering class and group discussions, due to insufficient sleep. If a survey of twenty-one students, gets carried out on the effects of sleep deprivation.
Sleep would be accompanied by slowing down cellular activity in the brain and would progress rhythmically from light to deep and finally dream or REM sleep (Kalat, 2013). With this progression, the body muscles would gradually relax, eventually becoming paralyzed in the deep sleep stage.
Sleep Deprivation has more psychological effects than physical. Firstly, lack of sleep causes a person to be confused, irritable and emotionally upset, which may get in the way of his relationship and job. Due to lack of Rapid Eye Movement (REM) Sleep, which is important for complex brain functions, a person experiences impaired memory and learning.
Besides addressing the core issue of sleep, it also explains phenomenon like dreams and sleep disorders, which are intimately related to sleeping.
Biologically, sleep is defined as a state of reduced motor activity (movement), lower response to sensory stimulation, adoption of postures such as lying down with eyes closed and easy reversibility.
In cases where physiology is not the cause of sleep deprivation, it is largely up to the individual to be sure to get enough sleep; companies are being encouraged to educate employees on the importance of sleep and time management, yet to little avail. What can be done about this complex and serious problem
Sleep deprivation is usually coupled with a lot of fatigue and boredom which remains with the patient throughout the day. He also feels lethargic and throws up most of the times during the day.
The psychological effects resulting from sleep deprivation include the aching muscles which suggest that human muscles require a certain amount of sleep before they could be put to good use again.
Some of the syndrome of sleep-wake can create adverse impact on human beings both physically and mentally. The occurrence of sleep-wake disorder is not only a risk factor for the progress of mental conditions but also a possible cautionary
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