Analysis and Application of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy - Essay Example

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Analysis and Application of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 1.0 Introduction Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy (CBT) emerged as a widely used and dominant therapeutic approach in the current times (cited in Rafaeli, 2009). The Psychotherapy Networker (2007 cited in Ryan, et al., 2011) reported that approximately 67% of 2000 helping professionals employ CBT in their practice…
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Analysis and Application of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
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Download file to see previous pages This paper seeks to discuss CBT, and its application to an individual who is experiencing anxiety in public speaking. It also outlines the techniques in CBT. Lastly, it demonstrates how such techniques of CBT are applied in the therapy session. 2.0 Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) CBT is defined as a structured therapy, which employs a set of cognitive techniques driven to resolve psychological issues and conflicts in a short span of time. It concentrates on the client’s cognitive distortions and errors, which may lead to the psychological disturbances (Trinidad, 2007; Tarrier, 2006, p.13). The primary goal of CBT is for therapists to identify client’s irrational thinking and help them challenge these various cognitive distortions. Hays (2002 cited in Ryan, et al., 2011) reiterated that CBT acknowledges the need to change or modify the therapy according to particular strengths of the client in order to facilitate change and promote empowerment. Therapists, who employ CBT, teach their clients strategies that can be utilised outside the therapy. CBT puts emphasis on rationality, verbal ability, and assertiveness as tools for facilitating behavioural changes and achieving helpful thinking (Ryan, et al., 2011). Most approaches to CBT employ what is commonly referred as the ABC Model. “A” stands for the actual event while “B” is considered as the belief and “C” is for the consequences. CBT supports the premise that individuals’ beliefs influence their emotions and consequently their behaviour. Thus, it is essential to address problematic beliefs pertaining to a certain event to modify undesirable behaviours and emotions (Dryden, 2008, p.15; cited in Miller, et al., 2010). Therapists who utilised CBT help modify how clients think (cognition) and what they do (behaviour). “Unlike other talking therapies, it concentrates on the ‘here and now’ issues” and difficulties of the clients. It is concerned with looking for means to improve clients’ state of mind instead of dwell into the causes of distress in the past (Whitfield & Davidson, 2007, p.3). It sets itself apart from other approaches as it relies on procedures and principles of the scientific method. Corey (2011, p.371) stressed that the characteristics of CBT, which distinguishes it from other approaches, include (1) the use of behavioural assessment, (2) spell out collaborative treatment objectives, (3) formulate a particular treatment procedure suitable for a certain problem, and lastly (4) objectively assess the outcomes of the therapy. 2.1 Techniques of CBT Cognitive-behavioural therapists integrate various strategies designed to modify both client’s behaviour and thought. This will consequently improve the client’s psychological functioning. Techniques in CBT include monitoring thoughts and behaviours, determining the thoughts and behaviours which need to be modified, setting particular goals, which increase in difficulty, encouraging oneself, modeling new and healthy behaviours, changing negative thoughts to positive ones, and performing homework. These techniques can be undertaken with the absence of a therapist (Plotnik & Kouyoumdjian, 2010, p.568). Researchers consider behavioural interventions as the clinical ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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