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Juvenile re-entry programs - Essay Example

Further, the issue likewise expounded on the need to “achieve rehabilitation after incarceration” (Newell & Salazar, December 2010, p. 7) The authors indicated that a successful re-entry has to ensure that newly reintegrated juveniles do not relapse into repeating criminal behavior or exhibit recidivism and at the same time, these juveniles should become productive citizens of the community. Currently, based on the authors’ research, the reentry program at LA County manifests deficiencies in terms of involving the family, deemed to be instrumental in influencing the youth into positive behavior. In addition, other concerns that exacerbate the currently identified problem are exemplified through “poor mental health planning and insufficient record-keeping and sharing” (Newell & Salazar, December 2010, p. 7). The problem identification finally required understanding the juvenile offenders through the provision and presentation of common characteristics and the factors that make integration to society challenging. Successful Re-entry Program in LA County A. Best Practices in Juvenile Re-entry The discussion on a successful reentry program was structured by Newell and Salazar (2010) through initially presenting the best practices in juvenile reentry that proferred the following framework, to wit: 1. Assessment and planning: the phase was further classified into evaluating pre- and post-release needs of the youth, the assessment findings, as well as the need to examine support on multidisciplinary

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perspectives. 2. Focus on transition: identified as the most crucial stagein the reentry which incorporates step down features, the involvement of the family and a continuity of care (Newell & Salazar, December 2010, pp. 11 - 12). 3. Individualized aftercare with youth development programming: the stage that requires designing strategies focusing on positive behavior enforcements, treatment of unique and distinct needs of the juvenile and a program of applying rewards and sanctions (Newell & Salazar, December 2010, p. 12). 4. Implementation and evaluation: ensures that the reentry program is executed consistently and in full transparency. This framework for best practices emphasized the need for the reentry program to address the local population’s concerns. B. Barriers to Re-entry When compared to the abovementioned best practices framework, the LA County was deemed inefficient in the following areas contributing to barriers to reentry: Inadequate multidisciplinary transition planning that does not maximize full use of assessment information; Juveniles were found to be unprepared for reintegration to respective communities; The aftercare phase was reported to have limited emphasis on treatment to motivate the youth to adhere to terms of probation; There was lack of coordination between Probation Department and other crucial government and community agencies and institutions. There was a lack of ability to collect, maintain, and analyze data to monitor the performance of the reentry program. Ideal Re-entry Program The ideal reentry program focus on the strengths of various innovative programs undertaken by LA County’s Probation Department. Among the highlights that consider these ideal are as follows: Focus on treatment with classes in pro-social skills, anger management, and moral reasoning (Newell & Salazar, December 2010, p. 23); Manifests strength in inter-agency collaboration and multidisciplinary approach on aftercase planning and
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Juvenile Re-Entry Programs Date Juvenile Re-Entry Programs Definition and description of the Problem Newell and Salazar (2010) conducted a study that focused on the effectiveness of re-entry of juveniles who were previously incarcerated into society…
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