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The ground handling teams and the custom officers also play a critical role in ensuring that the air cargo logistics and full operational and effective. Leinbach (2013) says that air cargo logistics brings these teams together so that various cargos can be moved and transported internationally and domestically via air transport. The air cargo logistics teams are on the other hand required to interact and work with various cross border agencies so that there is speedier movement of cargo within a country or across the borders of the country in question. Burnson (2013a) says that about a quarter of internationally transported goods are moved via air transport. This implies that the air cargo movement is something that cannot be neglected.
Over the last coupe of years, there has been an increase in the demand for air transport for goods. This has been facilitated by the ever changing business models that require goods not only to be delivered in the right form but in the right time and quantity. Speed to market has become very vital for both the domestic and international goods (Burnson, 2012c). Due to the changing business models, transportation or movement of inventory is no longer taken to be a process that is compartmentalized. Inventory movement has changed to be a continuous chain of adding value to the inventory. This is the reason why effective export /import inventory movement is required.
The logistic performance indicators for countries which are at the same level of economic growth directly relate to the growth rate in the economy (Adina, 2014). This has therefore necessitated the need for investment in better air logistics.
For air cargo logistics to be effective, these players require the cooperation and services of each other. Each involved party has a precise role to play and when each party satisfactorily plays its part, the resultant air cargo logistics operations will be effective. Out of the several players, the cargo terminals remain
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Gray market also termed as parallel markets are involved in the trade of goods through such distribution channels which are legal by their nature but involves the trade of commodities unauthorized by the original manufacturer. Sony initially planned to launch the PSP into all of the major markets of the world but units of the PSP gadgets were already made available in some markets through the gray market channel.
Over the past five years, some of the imports and exports have increased while others have decreased. This can be attributed to changing political, economic and other environments associated with this market. The UK’s share of the Global import and export market has slightly dropped from around 5.8% to 4%.
There is a strong growth in vehicle sales in Kuwait during 2012 and sales of new vehicles increased by 27% compared to last year with 102,944 units being sold and expected to grow by 25% during 2013, mainly because of booming vehicle leasing market (Market Research, 1).
In order to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the impact and identify solutions for the same, the concept of effective logistics would have to be understood first. Perception of operation management performance would be studied with respect to effective logistics.
Hofstede has identified five dimensions of culture which will affect the culture of the society as well as the values ingrained in the members of the society (Hofstede, 2001). The various dimensions of business culture with respect to Spain can be explained as follows; A.
The residents being British generally use English language to communicate with one another. The companies of UK have a very different work culture than that of any countries work culture. In order to do business in United Kingdom the following business culture is to be followed: 1) Hierarchy: Almost all the British companies are now characterized by different hierarchy.
When undertaking international trade and business it is important for an organization to consider various factors such as political climate, economic conditions, market availability and social factors such as culture which may affect an organization while undertaking its business opportunities with another country Becker2004).This paper will analyze the cultural perspective of international trade by using Italy as a case study.
Mexico shares a lengthily border with the United States making overland trade both affordable and convenient. Furthermore, the business culture and environment is fairly similar to operations within the U.S. as well as the country being bound to the North American free trade agreement (NAFTA), which allows U.S.
In the mix are fundamental display of consumption driven lifestyles and enduring norms that greatly influence the dimension of any given international business. From the simple straightforward, verbal communication to the mannerism of body language, South Africans have a deep running cultural markers evolved over many centuries.
In 2007, the value of imports was $1.89 billion. The major varieties of the species imported were shrimp, tuna, wild salmon, and lobster alongside varieties of ground-fish like halibut, cod, and haddock combined. This accounted for a little less than half of the entire value of the imports of fish in Canada.
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