The question under discussion is was the United States responsible for the failure of the League of Nations. The League of Nations established in 1919 in the aftermath of World War I, was one such attempt to change the focus of war prevention from individual to collective security…
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The research illustrates that Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, and later Germany and Russia – all great powers in their own right - joined the League of Nations and the United States, on the other hand, was the only major power not to join the League in spite of having been instrumental in creating it in the first place. This dichotomy i.e. the failure of the United States to join the League of Nations, in spite of being its staunchest advocate, could thus be ascribed to its inability to reconcile domestic political compulsions with its international obligations. Was this domestic compulsion a clash between the ‘realists’ and the ‘idealists’? This is the main theme that the research paper will seek to examine. The idealist view of international relations envisaged the creation of, “international institutions to replace the anarchical and war-prone balance-of-power system. The realist view, on the other hand, viewed the state as the most important player, subservient to no other (external) authority. The idealist view was endorsed by president Wilson who in his, “celebrated Fourteen Points speech, delivered before Congress in 1918, proposed the creation of the League of Nations…”. Although the League of Nations came into being in 1919, Congress refused to ratify the United States’ entry into the league. This challenge to President Wilson’s worldview was spearheaded by a group of Senators led by Senators Henry Cabot Lodge, William E. Borah, and Hiram Johnson. Part of the realist view was that the US should revert to its policy of ‘isolation’ that had been in vogue pre-World War I in keeping with the Monroe Doctrine. This was at odds with the League’s charter, which enjoined that, “the international community had not only the right but a duty to intervene in international conflicts…”.
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(“Failure of the League of Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Failure of the League of Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/politics/1512552-world-politics-500-word-assignment-that-rationalises-academically-one-choice-of-topic-given
(Failure of the League of Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Failure of the League of Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/politics/1512552-world-politics-500-word-assignment-that-rationalises-academically-one-choice-of-topic-given.
“Failure of the League of Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1512552-world-politics-500-word-assignment-that-rationalises-academically-one-choice-of-topic-given.
This study looks into Woodrow Wilson’s final address in support of the League of Nations. Analyzing it one can find that the speaker makes a number of conscious efforts to persuade his audience to change their attitudes and perspective towards the formation of the new League of Nations. Woodrow Wilson resorts to both explicitly stated arguments and implied arguments to convince his audience.
The author explains that after the ‘Peace Treaty of Versailles’, the League of Nations was appropriately functioning. There were 32 members of the League of Nations who were signatories of the Versailles Treaty as well as member of the treaty. In addition to this, there were 13 States invited to be in agreement with the League of Nations.
The author states that United Nations played the role of the arbiter and balancing factor that did not let the North South differences increase into a full-fledged trade war. United States would have suffered considerably due to the unstable relations between the North and the South and its economy.
The authors felt that by concentrating on one small part, they would be able to understand why this was such a controversial movement. The New Party was instituted in order to bridge a gap between socialism and capitalism when the Crisis of 1931 happened.
The author explains that the League of Nations was first formed with 43 members and then rose to 56 members along with the cooperation of Russia and the US to a greater extent. The League was considered as an essential part of the post-war world. It cannot be uprooted by anything less than war or rebellion.
They employed a number of strategies to be able to participate in the conflict without actually declaring war, but none of these eventually proved effective in keeping the United States out of the conflict in Europe and in the Pacific Theatre. There are several factors that led to the United States almost inevitably entering the war, mostly external to the country.
The Mandate for Palestine is an historical League of Nations document that gave the Jews a legal right to settle anywhere in Western Palestine. This document was conferred on April 24 1920, at the San Remo Conference. It was unanimously approved by the Council of League of Nations in July 24 1924 and became operational in September 29 1923.
The Abyssinian crisis led to the failure of the League of Nations When the guns of the First World War finally became silent at 2300hrs on 11th November of 1918, there were subsequent calls for peace. Without wasting any time, leaders of thirty two countries met in France with the objective of forming an organization that would ensure there was peace in the world.
The author states that it is undeniable the social success that the League had in establishing commissions and agencies, many of them working currently for the successor: the United Nations. In the opening words, Leon Bourgeois uttered: “January 16, 1920, will go down to history as the date of the birth of the new world”.
The Covenant of the League of Nations was incorporated in the Treaty of Versailles on the insistence of President Woodrow Wilson, who tabled the Covenant at the Conference. The League of Nations brought a ray of hope to the war-weary nations of the world.
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