After the end of the World war one, the League of Nations was formed by the great and victorious powers who participated in the war. The goal was simple, not to allow another war in the future. Due to the failure of the Versailles treaty, all were looking for another organization which could bring stability to the world…
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After the end of the World war one, the League of Nations was formed by the great and victorious powers who participated in the war. The goal was simple, not to allow another war in the future. Due to the failure of the Versailles treaty, all were looking for another organization which could bring stability to the world.The organization had success in solving conflicts between different countries namely The Aaland island issue between Sweden and Finland, Upper Silesia problem between Germany and Poland, The Memel problem of 1923 in Lithuania, humanitarian crisis in Turkey, conflict Between Greece and Bulgaria etc. however the organization faced failures also they were the crisis in Italy in 1919, Teschen problem between Poland and Czechoslovakia, the Vilna conflict between Russia and Lithuania, the war between Russia and Poland in 1921, the invasion of the Ruhr, conflict between Italy and Albania etc are few of them (League of Nations, n.d)The year 1970 was an important year in the history of the world as far as relations between countries were concerned. Many important changes occurred in Europe as well as in Asia. The concept of Third World got prominence during this period. The erstwhile Soviet Union, which was a great super power during that period, took initiatives for setting up an international jurisdiction with the cooperation of other countries. G.I. Tunkin a renowned soviet jurist was credited for formulating the first volume of international law in 1970. the law was made by him based on the events took placed internationally since 1917. The main highlights of the law were the nature of legal relationships among socialist countries, principal factors at work in international politics, legal nature of international organizations, international law, foreign policy, diplomacy etc (Tunkin, G.I. n.d)
After the failure of the league of nations, a new organization was formed by the world powers after the second world war ,which came to be known as the United Nations established in the year oct24,1945 (Charter of the United Nations, n.d).
The general assembly of the United Nations was established in the year 1945, the main objective of the assembly was to become a major policy making establishment of the UN. The general assembly consists of 192 member countries. Normally meeting sessions are generally conducted in between September and December every year (Functions and Powers of the General Assembly. (n.d).
The International Security Council, another r prominent arm of the UN comprises of five permanent members. They are US, China, Russia, France, and the UK. It also has ten non permanent members having a term of one year. There is a president of the Security Council who is selected among the member countries holding the office for one calendar month (About the Council. (n.d)).
The international court of justice established in 1946 is another important establishment of the UN. The main aim of the ICJ is to look after the judicial matters globally. It is situated in The Hague, Netherlands. The main activity of the court is to settle dispute submitted by member countries as well as to provide advices (International Court of Justice, n.d)
East Timor was a small country neighbouring Indonesia under Portuguese occupancy in the year 1975 Indonesian forces attacked the region and annexed it. The conflict forced the Portuguese to withdraw from East Timor on the condition that East Timor should remain a self governing region. In 1991, the Portuguese authorities went to the court against Australia on the reason that Australia and Indonesia had a treaty between them for the exploitation of "Timor gap". The complainant claimed that the actions of Australia for exploration were against the self governing rights as well as other rights of the people of East Timor. The Portuguese authorities also claimed that the treaty between Australia and Indonesia was against the administering rights of Portugal in the area. The ICJ did not entertain jurisdiction in this matter because of the reason that a
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(“United Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
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(United Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“United Nations Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1518569-united-nations.
In the light of aforesaid, a discussion is carried out over the effectiveness of United Nations in the resolution of social and political crisis that happened to strike the humanity in the recent past. United Nations has tackled raging and roaring national sentiments and channelized them to achieve the objectives of global peace and security.
In spite of this effort for a more systematic move, the presentation of peacekeeping operations has been impromptu. This system was designed to stand-in for the collective security system, which was hindered by the stalemate in the Security Council between the permanent members.
The United Nations was created in 1945 with an aim of bringing harmony to the world through taking a common approach to many of the problems that the world was facing.
The United Nation has been one for the most important bodies in the world that have worked to ensure that there is peace and tranquility in the world.
Problems arose from this situation because previous organizations like the League of Nations had not succeeded, so it was important to create a body that was not similarly flawed. Earlier organizations had also failed
However, UN peacekeeping had not ceased, because turmoil and conflicts still mar the international community, therefore, the need for them, for ceasefires are not permanent. As a general policy upheld until now, they were only fielded in peacekeeping zones after a ceasefire was declared by both conflicting parties, and they too had given their consent to the UN to acknowledge peacekeeping personnel.
Even though multilateralism has been viewed as a valuable tool in diplomacy for the US, it has faced various challenges at the UN due to divergent schools of thought derailing some of its desired objectives.
UN is an organization regarded as an intergovernmental organization. It was created in 1945 with an aim of promoting international co-operations. It was organized in the Second World War with an aim of preventing world conflict from taking
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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