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The United Nations - Research Paper Example

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After the First World War in 1919, an international coalition by the name of The League of Nations was formed according to the Treaty of Versailles (Hanhimaki 9). Primarily, it was directed at encouraging international collaboration and cordial relations to promote harmony and…
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Download file to see previous pages Thereafter, the delegates contemplated over the primary proposals presented by the United States, United Kingdom, China, and Soviet Union. Fifty countries signed the charter on 26 June 1945; subsequently, it was also signed by Poland raising the number of original Member States to 51. The five permanent members, namely, the United States, United Kingdom, China, Soviet Union, and France and a large majority of other signatories endorsed the Charter, giving official birth to the United Nations on 24 October 1945.
The name ‘United Nations’ was first conceived by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Second World War to signify the union of twenty-six nations who had assented to mutually combat against the Axis Power (Hanhimaki 13). Thereafter, the first Declaration of the United Nations was drafted on 1st January 1942. The first meeting of the Security Council, a sub-agency of the United Nations dates back to January 1946 in Methodist Central Hall Westminster, London. Initially, the organizational headquarters were based in Sperry Gyroscope Corporation in New York from 1946 until 1952. Thereafter, it was transferred to the United Nations Headquarter building in Manhattan that was specifically constructed for this purpose. Primarily, six chief languages namely English, Chinese, French, Spanish, Arabic, and Russian are used for drafting documents and conducting meetings.
Originally, the United Nations was composed of six primary bodies; however, after Palau became independent, the Trusteeship Council was terminated in 1994. The other organs comprise of the Security Council, Secretariat, Economic and Social Council, General Assembly, and the International Court of Justice. Except for the International Court of Justice in Hague, the other four bodies are located in the United Nations Headquarters, New York.
This fundamental deliberative assembly constitutes of all member nations who elect presidents ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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