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Government: Administration in the Political System - Essay Example

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This essay seeks the answer to questions on bureaucracy in politics and Government, analyzing the structural construct of bureaucracy in a democratic polity and the raison-de-etre for controlling bureaucracy, presumably through the political oversight and accountability matrix. …
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Government: Administration in the Political System
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Download file to see previous pages This operational system of rules was assumed to construct efficiency based bureaucratic system, unhindered by political complications. It may also be considered that power is the quintessential element of real politicks. In modern democratic government systems the execution of policy to achieve political agenda is through the bureaucracy. Thus the relationship between politics and policy implementation can not be overemphasized. It can be argued that in political control of bureaucracy is the politician seeks to maximize their political interests. The pursuit to control bureaucracy in USA can be traced back to George Washington, it is contended that on the advice of Alexander Hamilton, George Washington 'a highly partisan', 'federalist oriented', party faithful, federal civil service (Prince.1977). This political trend manifested itself and became embedded in the political executive mindset in, none other then Abraham Lincoln's presidency. His time at the White House 'laid the foundation for the interventionist administrative state that would emerge full blown in 1930s' (Raadschelders.2007). When Lincoln took office he replaced more officials then any of his predecessors; 1457 out of 1639 (Van Riper.1958, pp.43). However the American administrative state system crystallized around the end of 19th and beginning of 20th Century (Waldo.1984,chap. 1, Stivers.2000,pp.5-6, 8-10). This political-bureaucratic relationship exhibits more control then oversight. It is now argued that, as the state functions grew and became more complex, the mechanism of control became more oriented towards efficiency. It is asserted that in a complex system direct control and micro management of political agenda is neither practicable nor...
The researcher of this essay aims to analyze and discuss the issue of bureaucracy and primary reasons to control ‘bureaucracy’, that rests on the assumption that as an institutional monolith it possesses a structural, functional independence, which manifests itself in the bureaucracy’s pursuit of interests, other than the politically defined; ‘public interest’. The resultant implication presented in the essay is that Bureaucracy is ‘inefficient’. The control of bureaucracy effectively translates in to increasing efficiency. There seems to be no other rational explanation for ‘controlling’ bureaucracy in a democratic system. The ‘efficiency factor’ then will be analyzed by the researcher as the core value of bureaucratic functionalism and how various reform efforts have been directed to increase this efficiency. In this regard reference will be made to Taylorian Managerialism, and the New Public Management spurred RIGO initiative of Clinton Administration Federal Bureaucracy in USA. It can be therefore argued that political control is manifested through ensuring an efficient bureaucracy. It is also argued that a degree of operational independence for managing a modern state apparatus. Moreover, it is also argued that rule framework should be kept. However, loosely as an institutional linkage between politicians and bureaucracy due to its impersonal nature. It is then concluded that the new bureaucracy should work under a written code of rules, which should define operational and jurisdictional spheres. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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