There are generally three kinds of voting system: plurality/majority system, proportional representation system, and semi proportional system. All these three division of voting system somehow relate to each other and more likely to bring the same political results…
Download file to see previous pages...
Plurality or majority system is the most frequently used voting system. This system of voting comes first in mind when people think of voting. This system has been inherited from British and today it is commonly used in United States, UK and some other countries as well.
According to this kind of voting system the candidate who will gather either the majority or plurality of voters will ultimately win the election. The main object of this voting system is to represent the majority or plurality of voters in a particular district, locality or state.
This system can be further divided into four different types which separate the plurality and majority system of voting. The first two are commonly used plurality system of voting, while the other two are majority systems.
After plurality/majority system proportional representation system is the most used voting system. This voting system seems to be the competitor of plurality/majority voting system as this system is receiving popularity and persistently being used in most of the European countries.
Proportional representation system provides more accurate representation of parties. The basic approach of proportional representation system is to represent or show multimember district instead of single member district. The number of seats declared to be won by a particular party in an election is proportional to the amount of votes given to that party by the voters.
Electoral system de
Electoral system designers divided the proportional representation system in three basic kinds in order to achieve more accurate proportionate results of voting. These three types of PR voting system are as follows
1. Party List.
2. Mixed-Member Proportional.
3. Single transferable vote.
Semi Proportional System
Semi proportional system lies somewhere between plurality/majority system and proportional representation system. Electoral administrator developed this type of voting system to solve the problem of misrepresentation of parties arising from the plurality/majority voting system.
In this voting system candidates run in a multi-member district. People have multiple votes and vote for individual candidates. The winners are the candidates with the most votes. In this system votes of voters and the number of seats are closely related. Number of votes of voters depends upon the seats available.
Semi proportional system of voting has two kinds which are the variations of at-large voting system. These two types of semi proportional system are as follows
1. Cumulative Vote
2. Limited Vote
Plurality Voting System
Plurality system as explained earlier is based on single member constituency system and is used in a majority of countries. Canada, India, the UK, and the USA are some of the prominnent democracies using this system of voting. There are different advantages and disadvantages of the different voting systems but here we are only analyzing the major advanatages and disadvantages of the plurality or majority system with respect to other systems available.
Advanatges & Disadvantages
Simplicty: First thought that comes to mind about plurality
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Voting Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/politics/1506065-voting-systems
(Voting Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Voting Systems Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1506065-voting-systems.
This relationship which is at the core of good governance also delineates the various types of state rule, starting with authoritarian dictatorship, to complete democracy. The subject of individual rights and responsibilities and the state role, has been a subject of perpetual debate, and has led to many subsequent state reforms.
Though different methods of electing people in leadership positions have been tried in the course of human civilization, Lijphart (1999,pp 57-61)argues that voting is one of the oldest methods and it has undergone a lot of transformation to the current period.
Dr. Martin Luther King thought that the government had to do something in order to end the segregation that persisted within the society while ensuring that there was equality in opportunity (Rauchut, 2008, 162). For this reason, Dr. King came to Washington and made his famous speech titled “I Have a Dream” that was intended to give hope to the oppressed while pushing the government to instigate reforms.
The advantages of the E-Voting System: It provides secrecy and protects the privacy of the voter since the vote is cast anonymously. The credentials of the voter are only checked prior to entering the voting booth. The system allows for the generation of a ballot based on the credentials of the voter and the validity of the credentials determine the number of votes that the voter can cast.
Electronic voting systems seek to reduce time consumption during any type of voting and increase participation (Liaw, p 108). It also improves the accuracy of results and lowers the cost of conducting elections. There is an advanced online voting system used in universities for teaching and voting, whereby the students vote anytime and anywhere using both fixed and mobile devices such as personal computers, PDAs and smartphones.
They didn't know anything about the candidates. These same individuals will claim later as their Social Security payments, educational benefits, or gas prices soar that they were victims of circumstance from the bad policies of corrupt politicians. However, Americans are not feathers on the wind of government.
Party identification does seem to be the main influence on Australian voting, especially when the interactions between issues, leader assessments and party identification are taken into account. (Charnock) There is a relationship between strength of identification and the chance of voting for the party.
So, we can say that the major difference in the voting system occurs among the three voting systems, and not within them. Some of the details and description of three kinds of voting systems which are given below will help us in understanding the phenomenon of each voting system.
This voting system in all agreement is highly unsuitable for the use in a general election. In such a case it would be most appropriate to use a voter-verifiable audit trail’ as the article suggests mostly because it allows verification as the computerized voting system prints out a paper ballot that can be read and confirmed by the voter.
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Voting Systems for FREE!