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Theory of Child Learning - Essay Example

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In this essay, the role of Piaget development theories in shaping the understanding of learning of children will be discussed. Piaget presented his explanations about the intellectual development of a child through four stages of cognitive development…
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Theory of Child Learning
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Download file to see previous pages      Piaget's theory has influenced the educational system.  Piaget opined that maturation has an important role in enhancing the capacity of a child to understand the world. Thus, until and unless the child is psychologically mature enough, he cannot do certain tasks. The thinking of a child does not develop in a smooth manner. Instead, there are certain points, which Piaget called as "takes off" from when the child moves in new areas of capabilities. The current education system is based on these transition periods. Children less than 18 months are taught different tasks, those from 2 years to 7 years are subjected to another type of tasks and similarly 8- 11 years have similar tasks. Thus less than 3 years is considered as preschool, 3-7 years as a primary school, 8-11 years as a middle school and beyond that high school. Because children cannot learn things that they are not psychologically mature enough to do, only tasks appropriate for their age are given to children in schools. Educators must plan a curriculum that is developmentally appropriate and enhances the conceptual and logical growth of children. Most American schools use lectures, audio-visual presentations, demonstrations, programmed instruction and teaching machines for teaching students and in a curriculum inspired by Piaget theories, there is no role for such teaching strategies. Piaget has espoused the concept of active learning through discovery learning environments.
    Piaget's theory has influenced the understanding of the language of the child and individual social relation.  Piaget revolutionized the study of language and thought of children (Dahl, 2007). He believed that learning is a constructive process. He considered individual as a primary learning body. He categorized children's speech into two groups: socialized and egocentric. The difference between the groups is in their function. While socialized speech involves the exchange of words with other people and attempts to socialization, egocentric speech mainly involves taking about oneself only, with no interest in other people. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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