What were the main features of African slave trade and what effects did it have on Africa? Solution- The New World which favored labor intensive agriculture , demanded a huge and vast supply of workforce for timely production and sale of cotton , tobacco and sugarcane in the European markets. African slave trade involved the kidnapping , gathering and sale of African blacks to other places. The main centers of sale were Middle East and North Africa. The slave trade had started as early as the 14th century but the one from West Africa to America began in the 16th century and lasted till 19th century. In mid 18th century this trade to the New World reached its peak when millions of blacks crossed the gigantic Atlantic Ocean to reach to the Americas and spend their lives in shackles. According to africanhistory.about.com during the 18th century , the slave trade accounted for the transport of a staggering 6 million Africans. The main reason behind the initiation of slave trade was the economic conditions of various countries. The benefits of the slave trade made it globally widespread as the African slaves were sold to the European nations for bartered goods. Thus , this evil business proved to be very lucrative. Though slave trade played a vital role in settling the New World and brought prosperity to Europe , it also brought along a lot of suffering and misery to the African population. The Africans themselves played a crucial role in pushing their fellow countrymen in the inhuman world
of slave trade.